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BBC随身英语--The daily commute 每天上下班

时间:2016-03-31 02:08来源:BBC 字体: [ ]
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

The daily commute1 每天上下班

每天急急忙忙的上下班已经是许多上班族生活的一部分,其中也有不少趣事,不过常年如此也给大家带来了不少的压力。《随身英语(精品课)》和大家探讨如此忙碌的生活节奏对我们的身体健康带来了什么样的影响?

课文内容

词汇:commuting2 上下班

The daily journey to and from home and work is one of those things that many of us have to endure. Whether by train, bus, bike or on foot, it's a routine that some people could rather do without but if we have to work, the daily grind is all part of the job!

We all have stories of commuting nightmares – a tube train stuck in a tunnel or a bus journey where people are packed in like sardines3. In London, where there is an extensive transport network, complaining about delays, cancellations and the price of their season ticket, has become a commuter's favourite past time but their problems are relatively5 minor6 compared to ones that travellers in other parts of the world face. In Nairobi, for example, commuters have to keep windows shut to avoid someone stealing their belongings7.

It's no surprise that the daily commute is stressful and according to research, women are more likely to experience stress during their journey than men. This is because they're more likely to do something which is being called 'trip chaining' – where they make one or more stops on the way to work or when going home – for example to drop off or pick up the kids from school – and this makes it more likely that something will go wrong with their journey.

The stress of commuting can be bad for your health too especially if you travel longer distances. According to Christine Hoehner, researcher at Washington University School of Medicine "adults who commuted8 longer distances from home to work were less physically9 active, less physically fit, weighed more and had higher blood pressure than those people who had shorter commutes10."

But the American researcher must be talking about commuters who aren't engaged in active travel, because if you cycle a longer distance then you're likely to be more physically active. However there is a risk of being knocked off you bike and there's the embarrassment11 of wearing clothing made of Lycra! What's your journey to work, college or school like?

词汇表

endure 忍受,忍耐

the daily grind 每天必须经历的苦差

tube train 一辆地铁

packed in like sardines 挤得像罐头里的沙丁鱼 (拥挤不堪)

cancellations 取消

season ticket季票,定期票 (比如月票,年票)

network (交通)网络

past time 消遣方式

belongings 行李,个人财产

stressful 有压力的

'trip chaining'分段出行(一个旅程被分成好几小段)

physically active 身体活跃

lycra 莱卡(制衣材料)

测验与练习

1.阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false? Commuting only refers to train travel.

2. Name something that commuters in London get angry about.

3. Why do women tend to find commuting more stressful?

4. What type of blood pressure do commuters who travel longer distances have?

5. Which word used in the articles means 'feeling ashamed because of what people think or know about you'?

2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

1. Now my holiday is over it's back to the ________ of washing and ironing the family's clothes!

day grint daily grind daily grinding daily ground

2. The dentist had a ________ so he was able to see me and get my filling done.

past time stressful cancellation4 season ticket

3. My doctor says I need to be more ________ if I want to reduce the chances of having a heart attack.

physically active actively12 physical physically activated13 physical activation14

4.We had to ________ all the speeches at the wedding before we had anything to eat. I was starving!

encourage enhance endure enact15

5. Our car broke down on the way to the airport which made the journey very ________.

stressless stressing stressful stressed

答案

1.阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false? Commuting only refers to train travel.

False. Commuting means to travel regularly to and from work by any form of transport.

2.Name something that commuters in London get angry about.

Complaining about delays, cancellations or the price of their season ticket.

3.Why do women tend to find commuting more stressful?

They often they make one or more stops on the way to work or going home.

4.What type of blood pressure do commuters who travel longer distances have?

They have higher blood pressure compared to those people who had shorter commutes.

5. Which word used in the articles means 'feeling ashamed because of what people think or know about you'?

The word is 'embarrassment'.

2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

1. Now my holiday is over it's back to the daily grind of washing and ironing the family's clothes!

2. The dentist had a cancellation so he was able to see me and get my filling done.

3. My doctor says I need to be more physically active if I want to reduce the chances of having a heart attack.

4. We had to endure all the speeches at the wedding before we had anything to eat. I was starving!

5. Our car broke down on the way to the airport which made the journey very stressful.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 commute BXTyi     
vi.乘车上下班;vt.减(刑);折合;n.上下班交通
参考例句:
  • I spend much less time on my commute to work now.我现在工作的往返时间要节省好多。
  • Most office workers commute from the suburbs.很多公司的职员都是从郊外来上班的。
2 commuting d2c3874ec246fb1858841223ffe4992e     
交换(的)
参考例句:
  • I used the commuting time to read and answer my mail. 我利用上下班在汽车中的时间来阅读和答复给我的函电。
  • Noncommuting objects are as real to the mathematicians as commuting objects. 对于数学家来说,不可交换的对象与可交换的对象是一样真实的。
3 sardines sardines     
n. 沙丁鱼
参考例句:
  • The young of some kinds of herring are canned as sardines. 有些种类的鲱鱼幼鱼可制成罐头。
  • Sardines can be eaten fresh but are often preserved in tins. 沙丁鱼可以吃新鲜的,但常常是装听的。
4 cancellation BxNzQO     
n.删除,取消
参考例句:
  • Heavy seas can cause cancellation of ferry services.海上风浪太大,可能须要取消渡轮服务。
  • Her cancellation of her trip to Paris upset our plan.她取消了巴黎之行打乱了我们的计划。
5 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
6 minor e7fzR     
adj.较小(少)的,较次要的;n.辅修学科;vi.辅修
参考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
7 belongings oy6zMv     
n.私人物品,私人财物
参考例句:
  • I put a few personal belongings in a bag.我把几件私人物品装进包中。
  • Your personal belongings are not dutiable.个人物品不用纳税。
8 commuted 724892c1891ddce7d27d9b956147e7b4     
通勤( commute的过去式和过去分词 ); 减(刑); 代偿
参考例句:
  • His sentence was commuted from death to life imprisonment. 他的判决由死刑减为无期徒刑。
  • The death sentence may be commuted to life imprisonment. 死刑可能減为无期徒刑。
9 physically iNix5     
adj.物质上,体格上,身体上,按自然规律
参考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
10 commutes 3547de72fa26e075391aeef6adf7f98a     
上下班路程( commute的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • She commutes from Oxford to London every day. 她每天上下班往返于牛津与伦敦之间。
  • Barbara lives in Oxford and commutes. 芭芭拉住在牛津,通勤往来。
11 embarrassment fj9z8     
n.尴尬;使人为难的人(事物);障碍;窘迫
参考例句:
  • She could have died away with embarrassment.她窘迫得要死。
  • Coughing at a concert can be a real embarrassment.在音乐会上咳嗽真会使人难堪。
12 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
13 activated c3905c37f4127686d512a7665206852e     
adj. 激活的 动词activate的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • The canister is filled with activated charcoal.蒸气回收罐中充满了活性炭。
14 activation 24eed33ee38027d124839f0fcdf6adcb     
n. 激活,催化作用
参考例句:
  • A computer controls the activation of an air bag.电脑控制着气囊的启动。
15 enact tjEz0     
vt.制定(法律);上演,扮演
参考例句:
  • The U.S. Congress has exclusive authority to enact federal legislation.美国国会是唯一有权颁布联邦法律的。
  • For example,a country can enact laws and economic policies to attract foreign investment fairly quickly.例如一个国家可以很快颁布吸引外资的法令和经济政策。
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