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Is a game just a game? 游戏只是游戏吗?

时间:2016-03-31 02:14来源:BBC 字体: [ ]
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Is a game just a game? 游戏只是游戏吗?

电脑游戏可能很有意思,不过玩电脑游戏对你有好处吗?有些人担心过度玩电脑游戏可能会影响健康。不过也有一些调查数据显示,适量的玩电脑游戏也有一定益处。《随身英语(精品课)》探讨玩电脑游戏正、反两种对立的观点,并且建议适度玩一玩不失为一种健康的娱乐活动!

课文内容

词汇:gaming 游戏

Are you addicted1 to computer games? Do you stay up all night playing them? There's no doubt that the excitement and sophistication of games these days makes them hard to put down. But should we worry about their effects on our health?

We are spoilt for choice when it comes to gaming: You can role play – creating your own fantasy characters and stories, giving you a chance to step out of everyday life into an imaginary world. And there are shooting games where you can let out your anger and frustration2 in violent situations where you kill people with guns.

Can these kinds of games really be fun and can being absorbed in virtual reality be good for us? Popular games like Grand Theft Auto3 have been blamed for everything from falling results at school to provoking acts of extreme violence. Internet safety advisor4, Alan MacKenzie, thinks "many people understandably will just think that a game is just a game and not realising the explicit5 content that's in there".He gives an example of the violence and sexualisation of women which he says is "wholly inappropriate for anybody, never mind children."

Others will argue that gaming is a harmless form of entertainment. There is evidence that playing video games could actually be good for us. Some games are educational and using games consoles can help children learn good dexterity6. Studies have also shown that the skills used in playing games can cause growth in certain areas of the brain, the ability to think in 3D and even improve our eyesight.

Video gamers are also no longer just solitary7 creatures. For some, gaming is having a positive effect on their social lives with games like Halo and World of Warcraft often being played in groups. When your group works together to win the game, your sense of achievement is higher than when winning by yourself. So it seems today, gaming isn't just for geeks and if used in moderation we can all take part. What video games do you play and how do they make you feel?

词汇表

addicted 上瘾的

sophistication 精密复杂

spoilt for choice 多不胜选

role play 角色扮演、角色游戏

fantasy 幻想

imaginary world 想象的世界

violent 暴力的

virtual reality 虚拟的现实

provoking 挑衅,激怒

explicit 明晰的,清楚的

sexualisation 性别化

harmless 无害的

consoles (游戏机)操纵器

dexterity 灵巧,机敏

solitary 孤独的

sense of achievement 成就感

geeks 对电脑痴迷的发烧友

测验与练习

1.阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What game, named in the article, did some people blame for making people violent?

2. True or false? The sexualisation of women is only inappropriate for children.

3. What word used in the article means 'facts or information that help to show something is true'.

4. Name one positive effect using video games can have on you.

5. Can games like Halo usually be played on your own?

2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

1. Mary has put on a lot of weight because of her ________to chocolate.

addition addiction8 addixion addicted

2. The government's plan to get everyone to recycle all their rubbish is complete ________, it will never happen!

fantasy imaginary explicit harmless

3. ________ technology has helped us to see how the village looked in Roman times.

real virtuality virtually real virtual reality really virtuous9

4. Children who grow up using mobile phones and gaming consoles are changing the shape and ________of their fingers and thumbs.

solitary dexterity reality addiction

5. Passing my first piano exam has given me a real sense of ________.

effort humour sophistication achievement

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What game, named in the article, did some people blame for making people violent?

Grand Theft Auto.

2. True or false? The sexualisation of women is only inappropriate for children.

False. Alan MacKenzie said sexualisation of women is wholly inappropriate for anybody, never mind children.

3. What word used in the article means 'facts or information that help to show something is true'.

Evidence.

4. Name one positive effect using video games can have on you.

The ability to think in 3D, improving your eyesight, improving your social life.

5. Can games like Halo usually be played on your own?

No, it is often played in groups.

2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

1. Mary has put on a lot of weight because of her addiction to chocolate.

2. The government's plan to get everyone to recycle all their rubbish is complete fantasy, it will never happen!

3.Virtual reality technology has helped us to see how the village looked in Roman times.

4. Children who grow up using mobile phones and gaming consoles are changing the shape and dexterity of their fingers and thumbs.

5. Passing my first piano exam has given me a real sense of achievement.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 addicted dzizmY     
adj.沉溺于....的,对...上瘾的
参考例句:
  • He was addicted to heroin at the age of 17.他17岁的时候对海洛因上了瘾。
  • She's become addicted to love stories.她迷上了爱情小说。
2 frustration 4hTxj     
n.挫折,失败,失效,落空
参考例句:
  • He had to fight back tears of frustration.他不得不强忍住失意的泪水。
  • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration.他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
3 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
4 advisor JKByk     
n.顾问,指导老师,劝告者
参考例句:
  • They employed me as an advisor.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • The professor is engaged as a technical advisor.这位教授被聘请为技术顾问。
5 explicit IhFzc     
adj.详述的,明确的;坦率的;显然的
参考例句:
  • She was quite explicit about why she left.她对自己离去的原因直言不讳。
  • He avoids the explicit answer to us.他避免给我们明确的回答。
6 dexterity hlXzs     
n.(手的)灵巧,灵活
参考例句:
  • You need manual dexterity to be good at video games.玩好电子游戏手要灵巧。
  • I'm your inferior in manual dexterity.论手巧,我不如你。
7 solitary 7FUyx     
adj.孤独的,独立的,荒凉的;n.隐士
参考例句:
  • I am rather fond of a solitary stroll in the country.我颇喜欢在乡间独自徜徉。
  • The castle rises in solitary splendour on the fringe of the desert.这座城堡巍然耸立在沙漠的边际,显得十分壮美。
8 addiction JyEzS     
n.上瘾入迷,嗜好
参考例句:
  • He stole money from his parents to feed his addiction.他从父母那儿偷钱以满足自己的嗜好。
  • Areas of drug dealing are hellholes of addiction,poverty and murder.贩卖毒品的地区往往是吸毒上瘾、贫困和发生谋杀的地方。
9 virtuous upCyI     
adj.有品德的,善良的,贞洁的,有效力的
参考例句:
  • She was such a virtuous woman that everybody respected her.她是个有道德的女性,人人都尊敬她。
  • My uncle is always proud of having a virtuous wife.叔叔一直为娶到一位贤德的妻子而骄傲。
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