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Tea Drinking in the UK

时间:2011-02-24 08:00来源:互联网 提供网友:mi7545   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Alice: Hello, I'm Alice.
Yvonne: And I'm Yvonne.
Alice: And this is 6 Minute English! Now, I don’t know if you’re like me, Yvonne,
but I am a big tea drinker.
Yvonne: Well, actually no - I like herbal tea.
Alice: Do you know, I think I drink so much tea you could call me an addict1!
Yvonne: Well tea is a very popular and traditional drink here in the UK.
Alice: In fact some people say we are a nation of tea drinkers! Now I have a question
for you. According to the UK Tea Council, how many cups of tea are drunk by
the British every day? Is it:
a) 12,000
b) 120,000
c) 120,000,000
Yvonne: Oh, I think 120,000,000 is a little too many, so I'll go for b - 120,000.
Alice: Well, we’ll have to see at the end of the programme. Now, we’re not just
talking about tea because it’s my favourite drink. It’s because a Victorian tea
set has been included in a list of 100 objects that tell the history of the world.
Yvonne: Oh yes. This is the BBC radio series called “A History of the World in 100
Objects”. So what has a Victorian tea set got to do with it, Alice?
Alice: Well, it was made between 1840 and 1845 at a time when really, tea became
Britain’s favourite national drink.
Yvonne: So the popularity of tea began about 170 years ago then?
Alice: Yes and through this tea set, we begin to understand why tea became so
popular. Let’s hear from Neil MacGregor, the Director of the British Museum
about why having a cup of tea is so British.
Insert 1: Neil MacGregor, British Museum
What could be more domestic, more unremarkable, more British than a nice cup of tea?
You could ask that question the other way 'round: what could be less British than a cup
of tea, given that tea is made from plants grown in India, China or Africa and is
usually sweetened by sugar from the Caribbean?
Yvonne: It’s interesting that Neil MacGregor says what could be less British than a cup
of tea, when we think of tea as a very British institution really.
Alice: It is, but of course, he’s talking about where the tea plants come from; places
like India, Sri Lanka and China, where they developed tea plantations3, and the
sugar, of course, came from the Caribbean.
Yvonne: That’s because Britain was an empire during Victorian times so it helped itself
to anything its countries produced, like tea and sugar.
Alice: Now in the 1800s, Britain was becoming an industrialised nation and workers
were required to be as productive as possible. But unfortunately, many of them
were a little bit drunk.
Yvonne: So instead of being addicted4 to tea like you, Alice – a tea-aholic, I’d say some
were addicted to alcohol; they were alcoholics5.
Alice: And it’s no real surprise! Water wasn’t safe to drink so alcohol was a good
antiseptic and often poor people, including some children, would drink beer,
port or gin.
Yvonne: Oh dear! That’s not good, but that's why the ruling classes wanted sobriety, so
things had to change.
Alice: Here’s historian, Selina Fox who can tell us more:
Insert 2: Selina Fox
The desire to have a working population that was sober and industrious6 was very, very
strong and there was a great deal of propaganda to that effect. And it was tied in with
dissent7, Methodism and so on, sobriety – and tea really was the drink of choice.
Alice: So Selina Fox says there was a desire for an industrious working population;
people who worked hard and didn’t get drunk. Propaganda was used to help
change the workers along with help from the Methodists – Christian8, religious
people.
Yvonne: Propaganda – that’s information which can be correct or incorrect - that’s used
to promote a particular purpose - propaganda.
Alice: Well it must have worked because as a result, tea became Britain’s favourite
national drink in the Victorian period.
Yvonne: I wonder how many cups have been drunk since then?
Alice: I don’t know but soon, I will reveal how many cups are currently drunk every
day in the UK. Of course, these days, coffee is an alternative to tea and has
become big business recently.
Yvonne: Particularly the sales of cappuccinos and lattes.
Alice: So now it’s time to give you the answer to my question. I asked you, according
to the British Tea Council, how many cups of tea are drunk every day in
Britain.
Yvonne: And I said 120,000 cups of tea.
Alice: Well, actually you're wrong. In fact, it’s 120,000,000 cups of tea every day!
Yvonne: Wow, that's a staggering number.
Alice: That's a lot of tea. Now you can see why Britain is a nation of tea drinkers! OK
Yvonne, while I put the kettle on, would you mind reminding us of some of the
words we have used today.
Yvonne: addict
traditional
   nation
  Victorian
   institution
  plantation2
  industrialised
  antiseptic
  sobriety
  propaganda
.
Alice: Thanks Yvonne. We do hope you’ve had fun with us today on 6 Minute
English and that you’ll join us again soon.
Both: Bye.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 addict my4zS     
v.使沉溺;使上瘾;n.沉溺于不良嗜好的人
参考例句:
  • He became gambling addict,and lost all his possessions.他习染上了赌博,最终输掉了全部家产。
  • He assisted a drug addict to escape from drug but failed firstly.一开始他帮助一个吸毒者戒毒但失败了。
2 plantation oOWxz     
n.种植园,大农场
参考例句:
  • His father-in-law is a plantation manager.他岳父是个种植园经营者。
  • The plantation owner has possessed himself of a vast piece of land.这个种植园主把大片土地占为己有。
3 plantations ee6ea2c72cc24bed200cd75cf6fbf861     
n.种植园,大农场( plantation的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Soon great plantations, supported by slave labor, made some families very wealthy. 不久之后出现了依靠奴隶劳动的大庄园,使一些家庭成了富豪。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • Winterborne's contract was completed, and the plantations were deserted. 维恩特波恩的合同完成后,那片林地变得荒废了。 来自辞典例句
4 addicted dzizmY     
adj.沉溺于....的,对...上瘾的
参考例句:
  • He was addicted to heroin at the age of 17.他17岁的时候对海洛因上了瘾。
  • She's become addicted to love stories.她迷上了爱情小说。
5 Alcoholics Alcoholics     
n.嗜酒者,酒鬼( alcoholic的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Many alcoholics go on drinking sprees that continue for days at a time. 许多酒鬼一次要狂饮好几天。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Do you have a copy of the Alcoholics Anonymous book? 你手上有戒酒匿名会的书吗? 来自互联网
6 industrious a7Axr     
adj.勤劳的,刻苦的,奋发的
参考例句:
  • If the tiller is industrious,the farmland is productive.人勤地不懒。
  • She was an industrious and willing worker.她是个勤劳肯干的员工。
7 dissent ytaxU     
n./v.不同意,持异议
参考例句:
  • It is too late now to make any dissent.现在提出异议太晚了。
  • He felt her shoulders gave a wriggle of dissent.他感到她的肩膀因为不同意而动了一下。
8 Christian KVByl     
adj.基督教徒的;n.基督教徒
参考例句:
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他们总是以教名互相称呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母亲是个虔诚的基督教徒。
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TAG标签:   tea  UK
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