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清新空气让你更成功

时间:2009-10-29 08:44来源:互联网 提供网友:gggg   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
When you’re done listening to this podcast, grab whatever product you use to clean. Maybe it’s something that smells really citrusy. Do a bit of cleaning. Then take a few deep breaths. Believe it or not the odds1 are now higher that you’ll make decisions(决定) that are both more fair and more generous than you would have without smelling the cleanser. That’s according to research published in the journal Psychological Science(心理科学).

Study subjects were tested in two different rooms. One room had recently been spritzed with citrus-scented glass cleaner. The first test evaluated(评价) fairness—how much real money the participants were willing to share with an anonymous2 partner in another room. Participants in the clean-smelling room offered twice as much cash.

In the second test, subjects gauged3 how interested they were in volunteering (志愿服务)for Habitat for Humanity and in donating money. Those in the clean-smelling room said they were significantly more interested in volunteering and almost three times more likely to donate money.

Researchers claim that clean smells thus promote moral behavior(行为). And that schools, workplaces and stores could take advantage of the finding. So if you’re being virtuous4, maybe you’re following the rules because you’re following your nose.

—Cynthia Graber (本文由在线英语听力室整理编辑)

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1 odds n5czT     
n.让步,机率,可能性,比率;胜败优劣之别
参考例句:
  • The odds are 5 to 1 that she will win.她获胜的机会是五比一。
  • Do you know the odds of winning the lottery once?你知道赢得一次彩票的几率多大吗?
2 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.无名的;匿名的;无特色的
参考例句:
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
3 gauged 6f854687622bacc0cb4b24ec967e9983     
adj.校准的;标准的;量规的;量计的v.(用仪器)测量( gauge的过去式和过去分词 );估计;计量;划分
参考例句:
  • He picked up the calipers and gauged carefully. 他拿起卡钳仔细测量。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Distance is gauged by journey time rather than miles. 距离以行程时间而非英里数来计算。 来自辞典例句
4 virtuous upCyI     
adj.有品德的,善良的,贞洁的,有效力的
参考例句:
  • She was such a virtuous woman that everybody respected her.她是个有道德的女性,人人都尊敬她。
  • My uncle is always proud of having a virtuous wife.叔叔一直为娶到一位贤德的妻子而骄傲。
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