英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

动词的语气

时间:2011-09-22 08:47来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

动词的语气

.概念

语气有三种:陈述语气,祈使语气和虚拟语气.语气表示说话人对劝词所示示的动作或所处的状态持有的态度或看法.

.相关知识点精讲

1.辨别if 引导真实条件句和if引导的虚拟条件句的区别

If he has time, he will go with us.= Probably he has time and will go with us.

If he had time, he would go with us.=But in fact he has no time.

2.虚拟条件句中主句和从句的谓与动词构成形式如下表

 

if条件句中的谓与动词

主句的谓与动词

与现在的事实相反

 

1. 行为动词用did 形式

2. be动词用were

should

would

could   + 动词原形

might

与过去的事实相反

 

had + done

should

would

could   + have + done

might

与将来的事实相反

1. 行为动词用did

2. should + 动词原形

3. were to + 动词原形

should

would

could   + 动词原形

might

3.混合时间的虚拟语气

如果条件句中的动作和主句的动作不是同时发生,主句和从句的谓语动词的形式应分别根据各自所表示的时间加以调整。

1)0If I had received the passport yesterday, I would start today.

2)If he had telephoned me last night, I would see him now.

3)If he had followed the doctors advice, he would be all right now.

4)If China had not been liberated, the working people would still be leading a miserable life.

4.should/ could / might/ ought to + have done 表示“过去本应该/可以做而实际上却没做”

neednt have done 表示“过去没必要作而实际上做了”

5.虚拟语气中的倒装句

如果虚拟语气的条件从句谓语动词中含有were, had, could, should,有时可将if省去,而将条件从句的主语置于were, had, should, could 之后。

Had you invited us, we would have come to your party.

Were I you, I would do more practice after class.

Could she lend us a helping hand, she would do so.

6.wish 后面的宾语从句的谓语动词应使用虚拟语气,表示“可惜…;….就好了; 悔不该…; 但愿…。”

主句谓语

从句谓语

wish

时态

谓语动词的形式

现在时

表示与wish同时发生

动词用过去时

be动词用were

过去时

表示在wish之前发生的动作

动词用had done

behad been

将来时

表示在wish之后发生的动作

动词用would do; should do

be would be ; should be

1)I wish I knew the key to the answer.

2)I wish I were ten years younger.

3)I wish that I had gone to the football match last week.

4)I wish that you had been here yesterday.

5)He wishes that we would visit the old school.

7.表示命令或建议动词suggest, insist, propose, desire, demand, request, order, command 后的宾语从句中应使用虚拟 should +动词原形; should 不可用would 来替代; 主句所使用的动词时态不限。

8.suggest 为“建议去做…; 命令…”从句用should + do

为“ 说明; 暗示”, 从句用过去时或过去完成时。

1) The doctor suggested that I should take the medicine three times a day.

2) The doctor suggested that my grandmother had caught a bad cold.

9.insist “坚持要去做…,坚持应该去做”,从句用should + do为“坚持表明,坚持说/解释”, 从句用过去时或过去完成时。

10.虚拟语气也用于表语从句和主语从句中,表示间接的命令、要求、请求、建议、决定等,主句的主语通常是suggestion, proposal, request, order, idea 等。表语从句中的谓语动词是should +动词原型,should 可以省略。

11.在主语从句中,当从句用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜等,从句的谓语动词用需拟语气形式。其谓语动词时should + 动词原型, 或should 省略。

配套练习题请到 http://exam.tingroom.com/takeexam.php?eid=516

更多习题 http://exam.tingroom.com/

本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴