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高中英语牛津版高一下学期CHAPTER THREE

时间:2009-11-17 01:06来源:互联网 提供网友:zhou851117   字体: [ ]
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[00:06.09]Simon like exciting films,but Debbie prefers nature films.
[00:14.52]One day, she said,'Do you want to watch this video,Simon?
[00:21.16]It's about strange living things.they can be very or huge!
[00:29.31]Some have lots of bodyguards1 to protect them.
[00:34.87]Some live for thousands of years.And some are killers3 and kidnappers4!
[00:44.33]Simon said,'It sounds really exciting!'
[00:49.89]But he had a surprise when he watched it.
[00:54.57]Here are some excerpts5 from it.Tgw Weird6 World of Plants
[01:02.51]This is the Venus Fly Trap.
[01:06.48]It has two special leaves,and each leaf has several hairs in the middle.
[01:13.14]If an insect touches one of these the leaves start to shut together.
[01:19.80]The insect often tries to run away.
[01:24.45]But the plant moves more quickly than the insect.
[01:29.73]The victim is trapped in a little prison.
[01:33.68]Soon it dies, and the plant gradually absorbs it.
[01:39.11]Plants live the longest of all things on Earth.
[01:43.55]A Bristlecone Pine in California is 4,700 years old
[01:50.39]and is still alive older than any written history.
[01:55.96]Plants can be as small as one cell,like the millions of tiny plants in the seas.
[02:02.72]One of the smallest is the Lichen7 plant which grows on stones.
[02:09.49]It is probably the plant which grows the most slowly.
[02:14.77]It can take a hundred years to grow a few centimetres.
[02:20.51]But plants can also be as big as the Giant Redwood,
[02:25.55]the world's most massive living thing.
[02:29.50]One tree in California is 84 m high
[02:35.38]and probably over two thousand tonnes in weight.
[02:40.24]No other type of tree grows higher than the Giant Redwood.
[02:45.56]The Dead Horse Arum attracts flies by looking and smelling like dead meat.
[02:52.33]Once they get inside the plant,it shuts a door,
[02:58.29]and keeps them prisoner for a night.
[03:02.41]During the night, it drops pollen8 on them.
[03:07.06]It releases them the next morning covered in pollen,
[03:12.52]so that they can go and carry the pollen to another Arum.
[03:17.80]One type of Acacia tree in South America encourages ants to live in it.
[03:24.96]The tree provides the ants with a home(in special branches)
[03:31.30]and with food (little pieces of protein at the end of some leaves).
[03:38.07]In return,the ants defend their tree as fiercely as they can.
[03:44.00]They attack any other insect or animal which comes near,
[03:49.07]and even remove other plants growing near it
[03:53.72]LISTENING
[03:58.29]Understanding the sequence of events
[06:52.55]SPEAKING
[06:57.12]A Talk time
[07:00.78]Helping our listeners to understand us
[07:05.33]When we talk to people, we must use our voices
[07:10.68]so thatour listeners can underst and us easily.
[07:15.54]We should:speak loudly enough to be heard;pronounce words correctly;
[07:24.92]stress words or syllables9 that we think are important;
[07:30.17]let our voices rise or fall at the end of sentences,clauses or phrases
[07:37.74]which are often shown by punctuation10 marks;
[07:42.50]pause at the end of sentences,clauses or phrases.
[07:48.66]Exercise A1
[07:52.22]I have an announcement to make.
[07:56.97]It's about this year's Science Exhibition.
[08:02.61]Last week,I asked for volunteers to help with the arrangements.
[08:11.96]Up to now,only one person has given me her name.
[08:19.51]I need six more,so please let me have some more names,by Friday at the latest.
[08:30.98]Exercise A2
[08:34.95]Ladies and gentlemen(p)
[08:38.79]For the past year(p)
[08:42.34]I've been experimenting with the blood of mice,
[08:49.01](p)and I've made a very interesting discovery.
[08:55.35]Every day,of white cells in the blood rises and falls.
[09:04.52]Even more interesting there is a rhythm to this rise and fall.
[09:13.67]I believe this rhythm is present in ail11 living things,including ourselves.
[09:25.63]more language input(Ⅲ)
[09:29.57]Reading
[09:33.94]Learn to care for plants
[09:37.59]The Native Plant Gardens in Victoria British Columbia
[09:43.24]Canada contain a large collection of living examples of [09:48.70]plants that grow in the local area.
[09:52.74]Most of the plants are collected from the wild.Some are from nurseries.
[09:59.09]The gardeners look after the plants and the beds very carefully.
[10:04.73]They cultivate the soil,and water the plants regularly.
[10:10.51]They also check for diseases or pests once a week.
[10:16.39]The name of each plant,the place it came fromits location in the gardens
[10:23.93]and its reference number are all recorded on cards and in computer files.
[10:30.70]Records of the yearly growth cycles of many plants are also available.
[10:36.87]The Native Plant Gardens offer an ideal setting for school pro2 grammes[10:43.71]in plant identification,plant use and ecology.
[10:49.35]Students often come here for outdoor studies
[10:54.81]and hands on gardening and research
[10:59.17]Listening
[11:04.61]Too shy!you are going hear a passage about a plant called mimosa.
[11:10.85]fill in the blanks with the wrds you hear on fape.
[11:15.40]Have you ever seen a mimosa plant?
[11:19.86]Perhaps you have one right there in your home.
[11:24.72]Mimosa is a small(1)__which grows to about(2)___cm in height.
[11:31.67]It is a (3)___plant.
[11:35.64]If you(4)___it,its leaves will(5)___up within a few seconds.
[11:41.28]Scientists say that these leaves contain a special kind of cell.
[11:47.45]the(7)___in the cells quickly moves into the spaces between the cell walls
[11:54.11]The cells then(8)___causing the leaves to(9)___.
[11:59.54]If the plant is left alone,
[12:02.99]the cells will soon fill with(10)__ and the leaveswill(11)___again.But remember: Don't be like the touchy12 mimosa yourself!
[12:09.16]Many people like this(12)___plant.
[12:13.31]It's(13)___watchingthe leaves(14)___and(15)___.
[12:17.99]But remember: Don't be like the touchy mimosa yourself!

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 bodyguards 3821fc3f6fca49a9cdaf6dca498d42dc     
n.保镖,卫士,警卫员( bodyguard的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Brooks came to Jim's office accompanied—like always—by his two bodyguards. 和往常一样,在两名保镖的陪同下,布鲁克斯去吉姆的办公室。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Three of his bodyguards were injured in the attack. 在这次袭击事件中,他有3名保镖受了伤。 来自辞典例句
2 pro tk3zvX     
n.赞成,赞成的意见,赞成者
参考例句:
  • The two debating teams argued the question pro and con.辩论的两组从赞成与反对两方面辩这一问题。
  • Are you pro or con nuclear disarmament?你是赞成还是反对核裁军?
3 killers c1a8ff788475e2c3424ec8d3f91dd856     
凶手( killer的名词复数 ); 消灭…者; 致命物; 极难的事
参考例句:
  • He remained steadfast in his determination to bring the killers to justice. 他要将杀人凶手绳之以法的决心一直没有动摇。
  • They were professional killers who did in John. 杀死约翰的这些人是职业杀手。
4 kidnappers cce17449190af84dbf37efcfeaf5f600     
n.拐子,绑匪( kidnapper的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • They were freed yesterday by their kidnappers unharmed. 他们昨天被绑架者释放了,没有受到伤害。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The kidnappers had threatened to behead all four unless their jailed comrades were released. 帮匪们曾经威胁说如果印度方面不释放他们的同伙,他们就要将这四名人质全部斩首。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 excerpts 2decb803173f2e91acdfb31c501d6725     
n.摘录,摘要( excerpt的名词复数 );节选(音乐,电影)片段
参考例句:
  • Some excerpts from a Renaissance mass are spatchcocked into Gluck's pallid Don Juan music. 一些文艺复光时期的弥撒的选节被不适当地加入到了格鲁克平淡无味的唐璜音乐中。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He is editing together excerpts of some of his films. 他正在将自己制作的一些电影的片断进行剪辑合成。 来自辞典例句
6 weird bghw8     
adj.古怪的,离奇的;怪诞的,神秘而可怕的
参考例句:
  • From his weird behaviour,he seems a bit of an oddity.从他不寻常的行为看来,他好像有点怪。
  • His weird clothes really gas me.他的怪衣裳简直笑死人。
7 lichen C94zV     
n.地衣, 青苔
参考例句:
  • The stone stairway was covered with lichen.那石级长满了地衣。
  • There is carpet-like lichen all over the moist corner of the wall.潮湿的墙角上布满了地毯般的绿色苔藓。
8 pollen h1Uzz     
n.[植]花粉
参考例句:
  • Hummingbirds have discovered that nectar and pollen are very nutritious.蜂鸟发现花蜜和花粉是很有营养的。
  • He developed an allergy to pollen.他对花粉过敏。
9 syllables d36567f1b826504dbd698bd28ac3e747     
n.音节( syllable的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a word with two syllables 双音节单词
  • 'No. But I'll swear it was a name of two syllables.' “想不起。不过我可以发誓,它有两个音节。” 来自英汉文学 - 双城记
10 punctuation 3Sbxk     
n.标点符号,标点法
参考例句:
  • My son's punctuation is terrible.我儿子的标点符号很糟糕。
  • A piece of writing without any punctuation is difficult to understand.一篇没有任何标点符号的文章是很难懂的。
11 ail lVAze     
v.生病,折磨,苦恼
参考例句:
  • It may provide answers to some of the problems that ail America.这一点可能解答困扰美国的某些问题。
  • Seek your sauce where you get your ail.心痛还须心药治。
12 touchy PJfz6     
adj.易怒的;棘手的
参考例句:
  • Be careful what you say because he's touchy.你说话小心,因为他容易生气。
  • He's a little touchy about his weight.他对自己的体重感到有点儿苦恼。
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TAG标签:   高中英语  牛津版高一
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