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人教全日制普通高中英语(必修)高三UNIT1-1

时间:2009-10-13 07:50来源:互联网 提供网友:liyydaana10   字体: [ ]
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THE GUINNESS BOOK OF WORLD RECORDS

 
       In 1951, the then director of the Guinness Brewery1, Sir Hugh Beaver2, wanted to settle an argument about the fastest bird in Europe. After talking to his friends, he concluded that a book which answered such questions might be popular. The Guinness company hired two Englishmen3 to write what later became the Guinness Book of World Records. The first edition was published in 1955 and has been a best-seller ever since.
 
      More than 60,000 new records are sent in to the book each year, but they cannot all be printed. Instead, the editors of the book set down the records and keep track of them in other ways. The records are put into different categories. The Guinness Book of World Records has chapters on the human body, amazing feats4, the natural world, science and technology, arts and the media, modern society, travel and transport, and sports and games. You can learn that the oldest person is a woman who lived to be 122 years and 164 days, that the longest moustache reached a length of 1.6 metres and that the longest poisonous snake is 5.71 metres long. There are also strange records, like the Englishman5 who balanced a small car weighing 159.6 kilogrammes on his head for thirty-three seconds!
 
      There are many Chinese records. For example, Tian'anmen Square is the largest square in the world with an area of about 40 hectares. China has the greatest number of hospitals in the world and Urumqi is the most remote city from the sea -- it is 2,500 kilometres from the nearest coast. A special and delicious record was set in 1997 to celebrate Hong Kong's return to China. The world's largest jiaozi was made, weighing an incredible6 480 kilogrammes!
 
      Many of the records in the Guinness Book of World Records come from the world of sports. Among the brilliant athletic7 achievements, a few records stand out because of the moving life stories behind them. The Guinness world record for the fastest average speed at the Tour de France was set in 1999 by the American cyclist Lance Armstrong. Impressive8 as the record is, it fades next to the story of Armstrong's struggle against disease9. In 1996 Armstrong, the then No 1 cyclist in the world, was diagnosed10 with cancer and many thought that it meant the end of his career, maybe even his life. In 1998, however, Armstrong returned to the world of racing11. He went on to set the speed record and achieve his goal of winning the Tour de France six years in a row from 1999 to 2004.
 
      Why are people so interested in world records? Part of the reason for our interest is probably the same curiosity12 that led Sir Hugh to write the Guinness Book of World Records in the first place. We want to know what is possible and find out just how far we can push ourselves. Clearly, we are also entertained by accounts of strange and unusual deeds and facts. Whether we are out to set a new record ourselves or simply enjoy reading about champions, the Guinness Book of World Records makes for interesting reading.
 
      Anybody can try to set a record. There are, however, some records that the book does not accept. No records that are dangerous to the person who is attempting it or to others are allowed. If you want to try to set a record, you should first contact the Guinness Book of World Records. The editors will decide if your idea is suitable and then send you rules and the form you need to apply for the record. Afterwards, if all goes well, a Guinness official will come to inspect your attempt. If you are successful, the official will confirm the record and you will get a certificate13 from the Guinness Book of World Records stating that you are a world record holder14!


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 brewery KWSzJ     
n.啤酒厂
参考例句:
  • The brewery had 25 heavy horses delivering beer in London.啤酒厂有25匹高头大马在伦敦城中运送啤酒。
  • When business was good,the brewery employed 20 people.在生意好的时候,这家酿造厂曾经雇佣过20人。
2 beaver uuZzU     
n.海狸,河狸
参考例句:
  • The hat is made of beaver.这顶帽子是海狸毛皮制的。
  • A beaver is an animals with big front teeth.海狸是一种长着大门牙的动物。
3 Englishmen gt7zmL     
n.英国人;英格兰(男)人,英国(男)人( Englishman的名词复数 );英国人的家就是他的城堡(意即一个人的家是安全的私人场所)
参考例句:
  • Few Englishmen wear frock coats now.They went out years ago. 现在,英国人很少穿大礼服了,大礼服在多年以前就不时兴了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • During the disturbance which followed, three Englishmen were hurt. 在接下来的骚乱中,3名英国人受伤。 来自辞典例句
4 feats 8b538e09d25672d5e6ed5058f2318d51     
功绩,伟业,技艺( feat的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • He used to astound his friends with feats of physical endurance. 过去,他表现出来的惊人耐力常让朋友们大吃一惊。
  • His heroic feats made him a legend in his own time. 他的英雄业绩使他成了他那个时代的传奇人物。
5 Englishman Dp9xR     
n.(pl.Englishmen)英国人;英国男人
参考例句:
  • I was astonished that he was not an Englishman.我很惊讶,他竟不是英国人。
  • She stared thoughtfully at the Englishman across the table.她若有所思地盯着桌子对面的那个英国人。
6 incredible q8fx7     
adj.难以置信的,不可信的,极好的,大量的
参考例句:
  • Some planets run at incredible speed.某些星球以难以置信的速度运行着。
  • Her answer showed the most incredible stupidity.她的回答显示出不可思议的愚蠢。
7 athletic sOPy8     
adj.擅长运动的,强健的;活跃的,体格健壮的
参考例句:
  • This area has been marked off for athletic practice.这块地方被划出来供体育训练之用。
  • He is an athletic star.他是一个运动明星。
8 impressive M9Kxm     
adj.给人深刻印象的,感人的
参考例句:
  • This cinema is so impressive that we can't help crying.这影片如此感人以至我们禁不住流下泪来。
  • The suit made him look especially impressive.他穿上这套衣服真精神。
9 disease etMxx     
n.疾病,弊端
参考例句:
  • The doctors are trying to stamp out the disease.医生正在尽力消灭这种疾病。
  • He fought against the disease for a long time.他同疾病做了长时间的斗争。
10 diagnosed 615a2f5168d9dcfef319c67955d91496     
诊断( diagnose的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Some foetal malformations cannot be diagnosed until late in pregnancy. 有些胎儿的畸形部位得等到妊娠后期才能诊断出来。
  • He diagnosed the trouble that caused the engine to knock. 他找出了引擎咔咔响的毛病所在。
11 racing 1ksz3w     
n.竞赛,赛马;adj.竞赛用的,赛马用的
参考例句:
  • I was watching the racing on television last night.昨晚我在电视上看赛马。
  • The two racing drivers fenced for a chance to gain the lead.两个赛车手伺机竞相领先。
12 curiosity ByGxj     
n.好奇心,新奇的事物,珍品
参考例句:
  • He gave in to curiosity and opened my letter.他抑制不住好奇心,拆开了我的信。
  • The children are dying of curiosity to see what's in the parcel.孩子们出于好奇,迫不及待地想看看包裹中是什么东西。
13 certificate JOEzr     
n.证书,证明书;vt.发给证明书,认可,鉴定
参考例句:
  • She proudly displayed her degree certificate to her parents.她自豪地向父母展示了学位证书。
  • No one had seen her marriage certificate.没人看到过她的结婚证书。
14 holder wc4xq     
n.持有者,占有者;(台,架等)支持物
参考例句:
  • The holder of the office of chairman is reponsible for arranging meetings.担任主席职位的人负责安排会议。
  • That runner is the holder of the world record for the hundred-yard dash.那位运动员是一百码赛跑世界纪录的保持者。
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