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新视野大学英语视听说教程 3 Unit 10-4

时间:2010-10-08 02:47来源:互联网 提供网友:xn0006   字体: [ ]
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Task 3: Who am I if I own stocks?
Script
When a person buys stocks in a company, that person becomes a shareholder1 in that company. Stockholder is another name for shareholder. A shareholder can also be called an investor2 of the company. When that company makes money, which can also be called earned income or profit, the value of the company’s stock often increases. That’s because more people may become interested in investing in the company. Sometimes, shareholders3 receive a dividend4, which is part of the company’s earned incomes, in the form of a cash payment.
Some people try to make money by buying and selling stocks. Stock prices can move up and down. Shareholders may make money or lose money by selling stocks that they own, depending on whether the price has gone up or down since they bought their shares. A company’s stock price may be affected5 by market or economic conditions. For example, let’s say that BCD Enterprises is a software company that has introduced a new video game into the market. If that game is a hit, sales of the video game could boost the company’s earnings6. Because of the potential for BCD Enterprises to grow, its stock may be viewed as an attractive investment and its stock price may go up as more people buy its shares. On the other hand, let’s say the video game that BCD Enterprises introduced is a flop7. Or, it could be a good time, but BCD introduced it at a time when people are spending less on leisure products, and hardly anyone is buying the game. So it’s reported that BCD is losing money because of this new product. Then the stock price for BCD Enterprises may go down if a number of shareholders decide to sell their shares.

1. What is the passage mainly concerned with?
C) The influence of shareholders’ buying and selling on a company.

2. Which of the following is NOT the same as a shareholder?
B) A person selling shares on behalf of others.

3. What may affect a company’s stock price?
D) All of the above.

4. According to the passage, which of the following is true if a company’s product is good?
A) The company’s stock price may go up.

5. Why does the speaker mention BCD Enterprises?
D) BCD is used as an example to illustrate the stock market principles


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 shareholder VzPwU     
n.股东,股票持有人
参考例句:
  • The account department have prepare a financial statement for the shareholder.财务部为股东准备了一份财务报表。
  • A shareholder may transfer his shares in accordance with the law.股东持有的股份可以依法转让。
2 investor aq4zNm     
n.投资者,投资人
参考例句:
  • My nephew is a cautious investor.我侄子是个小心谨慎的投资者。
  • The investor believes that his investment will pay off handsomely soon.这个投资者相信他的投资不久会有相当大的收益。
3 shareholders 7d3b0484233cf39bc3f4e3ebf97e69fe     
n.股东( shareholder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The meeting was attended by 90% of shareholders. 90%的股东出席了会议。
  • the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders 公司对股东负有的受托责任
4 dividend Fk7zv     
n.红利,股息;回报,效益
参考例句:
  • The company was forced to pass its dividend.该公司被迫到期不分红。
  • The first quarter dividend has been increased by nearly 4 per cent.第一季度的股息增长了近 4%。
5 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
6 earnings rrWxJ     
n.工资收人;利润,利益,所得
参考例句:
  • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter.那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
  • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings.去年他的收入减少了20%。
7 flop sjsx2     
n.失败(者),扑通一声;vi.笨重地行动,沉重地落下
参考例句:
  • The fish gave a flop and landed back in the water.鱼扑通一声又跳回水里。
  • The marketing campaign was a flop.The product didn't sell.市场宣传彻底失败,产品卖不出去。
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TAG标签:   新视野英语  大学英语
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