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英语专业四级考试指南 test 2

时间:2006-01-02 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:bebttr   字体: [ ]
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  PART II DICTATION [15 MIN.]
Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals1 of 15 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
PART III LISTENING COMPREHENSION (20MIN.)
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything once only. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct response for each question on your answer sheet.
SECTION A STATEMENT
In this section you will hear nine statements. At the end of the statement you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following nine questions.
1. What did Harrison say?
A. The university students can go to the concert if they are free.
B. The university students needn't pay for the concert tickets.
C. There was no charge for the concert.
D. All the concerts in the university are free to the students.
2. What does the speaker mean?
A. Columbus traveled around the world.
B. Columbus's belief changed peoples' minds at his time.
C. Columbus held that no one else could travel around the world.
D. Columbus's belief was so new that people of his time couldn't understand it.
3. What does the speaker say?
A. His old flat is the same size as mine.
B. His house is the same size as mine.
C. His house is larger than mine.
D. He has moved into my house.
4. What did Mr. Johnson do?
A. He drove his car in the middle of the road.
B. He took the bird to the middle of the road.
C. His car ran over the bird in the middle of the road.
D. He stopped his car as he saw the bird.
5. What does the speaker like about his teaching?
A. The routine job.
B. Good pay.
C. Staying with the young.
D. More holidays.
6. What can be leant about Susan?
A. Susan finally started her car.
B. Susan has been driving for hours.
C. Susan still is having trouble with her car.
D. Susan has spent hours learning to drive.
7. What's Mary's problem?
A. She couldn't get along well with her classmates.
B. She lagged behind her classmates.
C. She will leave school with her classmates.
D. She has quitted school.
8. What does the statement mean?
A. He dreamed of passing all the examinations.
B. He didn't expect that he could pass all the examinations.
C. He was unable to pass all the examinations.
D. He failed in all his examinations.
9. What do we know about Peter?
A. Peter was beaten in the Marathon competition.
B. Peter recorded a sports program on a VCR.
C. Peter had never attended Marathon competition.
D. Peter set a new world record for Marathon.
SECTION B CONVERSATION
In this section, you will hear eight short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following eight questions.
10. What does the man think about the film?
A. He finds it fascinating.
B. He finds it dull.
C. He thinks it too long to see through.
D. He takes no interest in film.
11. What can we infer about the woman's partner?
A. She is excited about going home.
B. She is going over her accounts.
C. She will not go back home.
D. She finds the vacation too short.
12. What does the man mean?
A. They should take another road.
B. They won't be allowed to take that turn.
C. The road is closed at the moment.
D. They are too busy to go to the airport.
13. What does the woman mean?
A. The trees need to be cut down.
B. The trees help cool the house.
C. She needs to buy air conditioner.
D. She wants to have the trees removed.
14. When does the man want to help the woman?
A. Anytime but now is suitable for him.
B. He'd like to start now.
C. He prefers some time later.
D. He asks the woman to decide.
15. What are they talking about?
A. graduation ceremony.
B. summer vacation plans.
C. school courses.
D. job hunting.
16. Bob went to sleep so soon because _____.
A. he was making an experiment on sleeping.
B. he reset2 the clock.
C. he took some sleeping pills.
D. he felt exhausted3 after working for a whole day.
17. What did the woman do about her suit?
A. She reduced the size of it by herself.
B. She asked somebody else to make it smaller.
C. She made it longer by herself.
D. She asked somebody else to make it longer.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
Questions 18, 19 and 20 are based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 30 seconds to answer the three questions.
Now listen to the news.
18. The aim of the conference is all of the following but _____.
A. to review a cease-fire agreement.
B. to appeal to the world for aid.
C. to review a disarmament agreement.
D. to look at Somalia's political future.
19. The conference is proposed by _____.
A. the Ethiopian government.
B. the United States.
C. the United Nations.
D. the warring factions4.
20. If no agreement can be reached, _____.
A. the US Forces will withdraw from the country.
B. the US Forces will take over from the UN.
C. the UN will postpone5 its decision.
D. the UN forces will move away from the country.
Question 21 is based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 10 seconds to answer the following question.
Now listen to the news.
21. The Iraq factory must be dismantled6 because it can _____.
A. produce animal feed capable of being used as biological weapons.
B. produce materials for weapons of mass destruction.
C. produce massive weapons for germ warfare7.
D. produce biological weapons。
Questions 22 and 23 are based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 20 seconds to answer the following two questions.
Now listen to the news.
22. For what was Italy criticised?
A. putting Ocalan to prison.
B. setting Ocalan free.
C. letting Ocalan leave Italy.
D. harboring Ocalan.
23. Turkey would take necessary measures if _____.
A. Ocalan were given protection.
B. Ocalan were treated badly.
C. Ocalan disappeared.
D. Ocalan took a hostile action.
Questions 24 and 25 are based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 20 seconds to answer the following two questions.
Now listen to the news.
24. How long has the Indonesian forest been on fire?
A. Six months.
B. Over a year.
C. Almost one year.
D. Six years.
25. The fires have caused direct or indirect losses in all of the following areas EXCEPT ______ as mentioned in the news.
A. heavy industry.
B. medicine.
C. tourist industry.
D. agriculture output.
KEY TO LISTENING COMPREHENSION
1.B 2.D 3.C 4.D 5.C 6.C 7.B 8.B9.D10.A11.A12.A13.B14.B
15.B16.D17.B18.B19.C20.D21.D 22.C 23.A 24.C 25.A
EXPLANATION OF LISTENING COMPREHENSION
SECTION A STATEMENT
1. "Harrison说所有的大学生都可以免费听音乐会。”
干扰项A:“如果大学生们有空,可以去听音乐会”, 其实是混淆了"be free to(免费)"与"be free(闲暇)";C:“这场音乐会不收费”也不准确,因为除了在校大学生,对其他人不一定不收费;D:“大学里的所有音乐会对学生都是免费的”,原文中用定贯词说明了这场音乐会,并不代表所有的音乐会。只有B:“大学生不必为这场音乐会付门票钱”才最贴近原文。
2. "Columbus因认为地球是圆的而领先于他的时代。" 答案为D。
ahead of one's time(s) = before one's times:(人)思想过于先进﹑创新﹑领先于其时代
另外,
ahead of time = before time: 在原定时间以前,提前
behind the time(s): 落后于时代,过时
behind time: 在指定时间以后,迟晚
3. “自从他从他的旧公寓搬出后,就住在了一个比我的房子大一倍的房子里。”
"as + 形容词或副词原级+ as (分句)"是同级比较结构,表示“....跟...”一样,原文中虽使用了这一结构,但在as前加了twice,则表示“跟我的(房子)两倍一样大",可见他的房子比我的房子大,即C。
4. “一看到马路当中有只鸟,他立即停住了车。”
听出并理解词组“bring...to a standstill(把...停住)”,就不难选出正确答案。
下边是与sight有关的一些词组:
at the sight of...: 一看见
by sight: 根据外表印象
catch sight of: 看到,发现,意识到
lose sight of: 不再看见,与...失去联系,
at first sight: 一见之下,立即
Out of sight, out of mind: 眼不见,心不想
5. "我得教同样的教材几遍,这有时很枯燥乏味,而且报酬也不高,但总的说来,与年轻人呆在一起,从中却能得到乐趣。”
by and large = generally speaking = in general: 大体上,总的来说,一般地说
delight in: 感到高兴,愉快
问说话者对他的教学工作喜欢什么。从文中,我们可以听出他对一成不变的教书工作不感兴趣,而且嫌报酬不好,则排除了A与B;同时他说他与年轻人在一起感到愉快;D没有提及。所以答案是C。
6. “Susan在努力了几个小时之后,仍然没能发动起来她的汽车。” 答案为C。
succeed in doing ...: 干成,成功地做...
7. “Mary觉得很难赶上其他同学,她妈妈担心她将来会退学。”
catch up with: 赶上
drop out of = stop attending or taking part in: 退出(活动),退学
Mary的问题是什么呢?并非A: 与她的同学相处不好;而且也不是C: 将要与她的同学一起离开学校;实际上她还没D: 决定不再上学了;她妈妈担心她会退学,担心的原因全在于她赶不上其他同学,因此B: 她落在了别人后边 最符合原意。
8. “他通过了所有的考试,这是他做梦也想不到的!”
看来他从来没有期望过能有这么好的结果,因此答案为B。
beyond one's wildest dreams: (好得)连做梦也想不到
beyond 常与一些名词或词组构成短语,指程度深于﹑范围超出﹑非...所及
如:
beyond one's control: 处于某人控制范围之外
beyond words: 无法用言词表达
beyond compare 或beyond comparison: 无与伦比,极好
beyond repair: 修不好,无法修理
9. “Peter在亚运会上打破了马拉松世界纪录。”
理解词组 "beat a record ", 就应看出 D: Peter创了马拉松新记录 是最符合原文的选项,否则很容易受到A: Peter在马拉松比赛中被打败了 以及B: Peter在录像带上录下了一场体育节目 的干扰。
beat a (the) record = break (crack, cut, smash) a (the) record:打破纪录
SECTION B CONVERSATION
10. F:“这部关于太空探索的新电影很有趣。”
M:“很有趣? 我可以在那儿呆几小时。”
M没有直接谈他对这部电影的看法,但他显然觉得F 的评价不足以表达出他自己的强烈感情,因此用“我可以在那几个小时”来说明他的喜爱之情,我们可以推测他一定觉得这部电影很精彩。因此答案为A。
11. M:“你的同伴盼望着回家过假期吗?”
F:“她在数日子呢。”
与上题一样,这道题不能简单地照F回答的字面意思去理解,而是需结合M的问题用推测的方法才能作出正确的回答。“她在数日子”,说明她很急切,很想回家;C:她不准备回家 显然不对;D:她觉得假期太短,文中并没说假期有多长;而A:她对回家很兴奋 最接近原文。B是语音干扰项。
12. F:“我们可以拐到这条路上到机场。”
M:“但这会儿这条路是一天中最挤的时候。”
F建议从这条路到机场,M似乎不同意,用转折连词说明“尽管如此,但是(路很挤)”,暗示他的意见, 即 A: 应该走别的路。
13. M:“你房前的那些树很漂亮。”
F:“是啊,而且还很有用。它们省下了开空调的需要。”
理解词组cut down on(减少, 削减),就理解了本文所说的那些树有用的原因,即起到了与空调一样的降温作用,从而省下了开空调的需要;否则就容易理解为cut down(砍倒,杀死),而受到A的干扰。
14. F:“你想什么时候帮我复习功课?”
M: “现在就不错。”
A: 除了现在任何时候都行;B: 他想过些时候;C: 他请她来决定 都与原文中的“现在就和任何时候一样好”不符,所以B:他愿意现在就开始 最贴近原意。
15. M:“我希望在暑假期间找份工作挣些钱。你呢?”
F:“我打算参加函授课程的学习从而能早些毕业。”
本题询问谈论的话题。如果只听懂了M的话,就容易理解为单纯的谈工作而选D,而如果只听懂了F的话,就会以为谈论的是学习课程或毕业,而选C或A。只有听懂了两个人的谈话内容,根据关键词summer vacation才能推断出他们讨论的话题是暑假各自的打算,从而选出正确答案B。
16. F:“为何Bob这么快就睡着了?”
M:“因为他已经在实验室里不停地工作了一天一夜了。”
本文问为何Bob入睡很快。A:因为他正做有关睡觉的实验;B:因为他从新调了钟表;C:因为他吃了些安眠药;D:因为工作了一整天而筋疲力尽。根据原文“他工作了一天一夜”我们可以推测出他一定很累,因此D为正确选择。
around the clock = round the clock = the clock round: 连续一整天, 日夜不停地
另外:
against the clock: 争分夺秒地
beat the clock: 提前完成任务
17. M:“你的衣服现在看上去好些了。”
F:“谢谢, 我叫人把它改小了。”
问F对她的衣服做什么了。A:她自己把衣服改小了;B:她让别人把衣服改小了;C:她亲自把衣服改长了;D:她让别人把衣服改长了。根据句型have sth done = get sb to do sth:叫别人做某事,及词组take in:缩小,改短(外衣, 裙子等),可以得到正确答案D。
另外:take in 还有“欺骗,接受,留宿,订阅报刊”等意。
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
18. 这是道内容细节测试题。对于问题"all of the following but(除...以外)",需要考生对有关内容的整体理解。文中除B没提到外,其它几项都有所提及。因此答案为B。
19. 测试谁的细节题。可以把文中“The UN-sponsored meeting”作为依据,找出答案C。
20. 测试结果的细节题。文中的最后一句话有助我们理解并选出正确答案D。
21. 测试全文内容的理解。在此基础上可得出正确选择D。
22. 测试原因的细节题。根据文中首句,答案应为C。
23. 测试关于条件的细节题。原文的最后一句有助于选出正确答案A。
24. 有关时间长度的细节测试题。可从文中直接找到答案C。
25. 有关内容细节的测试题。除了A:重工业 没被提及外,另外几项损失在文中都有所提及。因此答案为A。
TAPESCRIPT OF DICTATION
PART II DICTATION
Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.
Please write the whole passage on Answer Sheet Two.
Now, listen to the passage.
Camping Holidays
To many people, camping seems to be an ideal way of spending a holiday. / Not only is it cheaper, / it can also be far more convenient and enjoyable. / If you have young children, / camping has particular advantages. / There is always plenty for them to do, / and they enjoy the freedom of camping compared to the discipline of staying in a hotel. / Above all, camping provides a complete change for everyone, / and afterwards you return refreshed to your normal way of life./
To some people, however, all these advantages are outweighed8 by the disadvantages. / Such people will point out that on a camping holiday the mother still has to cook for everyone. / What is worse, she has to prepare meals / without the help of all the equipment in her kitchen at home./ Under bad weather, there may be too many flies and mosquitoes. / For these people a holiday in a hotel is well worth the extra expense.
The second and third readings. You should begin writing now.
The last reading. Now, you have two minutes to check through your work.
(a two-minute interval)
This is the end of the Dictation.
TAPESCRIPT OF LISTENING COMPREHENSION
PART III LISTENING COMPREHENSION
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything once only. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct response for each question on your answer sheet.
SECTION A STATEMENT
In this section you will hear nine statements. At the end of the statement you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following nine questions.
1. Harrison said the concert was free to all the university students.
2. Columbus was ahead of his times in his belief that the world was round.
3. Since he moved out of his old flat, he has lived in a house twice as large as mine.
4. At the sight of the bird in the middle of the road, Mr. Johnson brought his car to a standstill at once.
5. I have to teach the same course books several times, which is sometimes boring and not well-paid, but by and large I quite delight in being with young people.
6. Susan still hasn't succeeded in getting her car started after trying hard for several hours.
7. Mary finds it difficult to catch up with her classmates, and her mother is afraid that she will drop out of school.
8. He passed all the examinations, which is beyond his wildest dreams!
9. Peter beat the world record for Marathon in Asian Games.
SECTION B CONVERSATION
In this section, you will hear eight short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following eight questions.
10. F: The new film on space exploration is pretty interesting.
M: Pretty interesting? I can spend hours there.
11. M: Is your partner looking forward to going home for the vacation?
F: She's counting the days.
12. F: We can turn down this road to get to the airport.
M: But it is the busiest at this time of the day.
13. M: Those trees in front of your house are beautiful.
F: Yeah, and useful as well. They cut down on the need for air conditioning.
14. F: When would you like to help me review my lessons?
M: Now is as good a time as any.
15. M: I hope to find a job during summer vacation and earn some money. How about you?
F: I'm going to take a correspondence course so that I can graduate sooner.
16. F: Why did Bob fall asleep so quickly?
M: He had been working in the lab around the clock.
17. M: Your suit looks better now.
F: Thanks. I had it taken in.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
Questions 18, 19 and 20 are based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 30 seconds to answer the three questions.
Now listen to the news.
A wide-ranging conference is due to begin in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa shortly, which will look at Somalia's political future and review January cease-fire and disarmament agreement. The UN-sponsored meeting which is due to last for five days is being attended not only by the warring fractions and political representatives, but also by community leaders, intellectuals and women's groups. It comes amid growing international pressure to bring peace to Somalia. A BBC correspondent in Addis Ababa says if no workable agreement is reached, some UN representatives have speculated that the UN which has postponed9 its decision on a mandate10 to take over from the US forces may withdraw from the country.
Question 21 is based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 10 seconds to answer the following questions.
Now listen to the news.
The UN says a UN team is close to destroying Iraq's largest complex capable of producing biological weapons. A UN official in Baghdad said the team should finish dismantling11 the factory by mid-June. Iraq insists the plant produces animal feed. But the UN official says the site near Baghdad can also be used to produce materials for germ warfare and therefore must be dismantled. Under the terms that ended the 1991 Gulf12 War, Iraq is to be stripped of weapons of mass destruction and the means to produce them.
Questions 22 and 23 are based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 20 seconds to answer the following two questions.
Now listen to the news.
Italy was sharply criticised for allowing the Kurdish guerrilla leader Abdullah Ocalan to leave the country on Jan. 6 and disappear again. Turkish officials urged their country's neighbors in the Caucasus not to harbor the Kurdistan workers Party leader, who is said to be now in Nagorna Karabakh, an American enclave within Azerbaijian. Any such protection, Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said, would be regarded as a hostile act for which Turkey would 'take necessary measures.'
Questions 24 and 25 are based on the following news item. At the end of the news item you will be given 20 seconds to answer the following two questions.
Now listen to the news.
Economic experts now estimate that the Indonesian forest fires which have been blazing intensely for nearly a year could cost the region up to six billion dollars. This includes direct losses, such as agricultural output and indirect costs like medical bills and a drop in tourism. Figures were arrived at by the world-wide Fund for Nature and Research Group funded by western governments, the economy and the environment program for southeast Asia.
This is the end of listening comprehension


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 intervals f46c9d8b430e8c86dea610ec56b7cbef     
n.[军事]间隔( interval的名词复数 );间隔时间;[数学]区间;(戏剧、电影或音乐会的)幕间休息
参考例句:
  • The forecast said there would be sunny intervals and showers. 预报间晴,有阵雨。
  • Meetings take place at fortnightly intervals. 每两周开一次会。
2 reset rkHzYJ     
v.重新安排,复位;n.重新放置;重放之物
参考例句:
  • As soon as you arrive at your destination,step out of the aircraft and reset your wristwatch.你一到达目的地,就走出飞机并重新设置手表时间。
  • He is recovering from an operation to reset his arm.他做了一个手臂复位手术,正在恢复。
3 exhausted 7taz4r     
adj.极其疲惫的,精疲力尽的
参考例句:
  • It was a long haul home and we arrived exhausted.搬运回家的这段路程特别长,到家时我们已筋疲力尽。
  • Jenny was exhausted by the hustle of city life.珍妮被城市生活的忙乱弄得筋疲力尽。
4 factions 4b94ab431d5bc8729c89bd040e9ab892     
组织中的小派别,派系( faction的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The gens also lives on in the "factions." 氏族此外还继续存在于“factions〔“帮”〕中。 来自英汉非文学 - 家庭、私有制和国家的起源
  • rival factions within the administration 政府中的对立派别
5 postpone rP0xq     
v.延期,推迟
参考例句:
  • I shall postpone making a decision till I learn full particulars.在未获悉详情之前我得从缓作出决定。
  • She decided to postpone the converastion for that evening.她决定当天晚上把谈话搁一搁。
6 dismantled 73a4c4fbed1e8a5ab30949425a267145     
拆开( dismantle的过去式和过去分词 ); 拆卸; 废除; 取消
参考例句:
  • The plant was dismantled of all its equipment and furniture. 这家工厂的设备和家具全被拆除了。
  • The Japanese empire was quickly dismantled. 日本帝国很快被打垮了。
7 warfare XhVwZ     
n.战争(状态);斗争;冲突
参考例句:
  • He addressed the audience on the subject of atomic warfare.他向听众演讲有关原子战争的问题。
  • Their struggle consists mainly in peasant guerrilla warfare.他们的斗争主要是农民游击战。
8 outweighed ab362c03a68adf0ab499937abbf51262     
v.在重量上超过( outweigh的过去式和过去分词 );在重要性或价值方面超过
参考例句:
  • This boxer outweighed by his opponent 20 pounds. 这个拳击选手体重比他的对手重20磅。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She outweighed me by ten pounds, and sometimes she knocked me down. 她的体重超过我十磅,有时竟把我撞倒。 来自百科语句
9 postponed 9dc016075e0da542aaa70e9f01bf4ab1     
vt.& vi.延期,缓办,(使)延迟vt.把…放在次要地位;[语]把…放在后面(或句尾)vi.(疟疾等)延缓发作(或复发)
参考例句:
  • The trial was postponed indefinitely. 审讯无限期延迟。
  • The game has already been postponed three times. 这场比赛已经三度延期了。
10 mandate sj9yz     
n.托管地;命令,指示
参考例句:
  • The President had a clear mandate to end the war.总统得到明确的授权结束那场战争。
  • The General Election gave him no such mandate.大选并未授予他这种权力。
11 dismantling 3d7840646b80ddcdce2dd04e396f7138     
(枪支)分解
参考例句:
  • The new government set about dismantling their predecessors' legislation. 新政府正着手废除其前任所制定的法律。
  • The dismantling of a nuclear reprocessing plant caused a leak of radioactivity yesterday. 昨天拆除核后处理工厂引起了放射物泄漏。
12 gulf 1e0xp     
n.海湾;深渊,鸿沟;分歧,隔阂
参考例句:
  • The gulf between the two leaders cannot be bridged.两位领导人之间的鸿沟难以跨越。
  • There is a gulf between the two cities.这两座城市间有个海湾。
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