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NPR 2008-11-23

时间:2009-03-12 05:12来源:互联网 提供网友:love小k   字体: [ ]
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President-elect Barack Obama says he has directed his economic team to develop a sweeping1 economic stimulus2 plan that will be broader in scope than proposals he spoke3 of during the campaign. "There'll be a two-year nationwide effort to jumpstart job creation in America and lay the foundation for a strong and growing economy. " Mr. Obama in the Democrats4' radio address today said the goal of the plan is to create 2. 5 million new jobs. He pledged to sign the measure soon after taking office. Economist5 Peter Morici at the University of Maryland Business School says Mr. Obama will need more than a stimulus plan. "He has to fix the banks. He has to get sound banking6 practices again on Wall Street. He's gotta replace those speculators on Wall Street with good old fashion Midwestern bankers that make loans and know how to get repaid. " Mr. Obama is slated7 to announce some of the top people in his economic team on Monday, including his expected choice for Treasury8 Secretary New York Fed Reserve Bank President Timothy Geithner. The president-elect confirmed today that his longtime spokesman Robert Gibbs will serve as White House Press Secretary.

US automakers are scrambling11 to complete financial plans over the next week as demanded by Congressional leaders as a prerequisite12 for consideration of request for 25 billion dollars in federal loans. Automakers with facilities in Europe are also seeking help as Larry Miller13 reports from London.

European Union rules ban state subsidies14 to companies and the EU Competition Commissioner15 Neelie Kroes warned France and Germany not to start in auto9 industry subsidy16 race with the US. New car sales in Europe fell nearly 15% in October. Honda is closing its Welsh plant for two months. BMW and Daimler have issued severe profit warnings. General Motors wants state aid from Germany where it manufactures OPEL - it's European brand. Europe's car makers10 are reportedly looking for up to 15 billion dollars in low-interest government loans. Meanwhile, the EU Commission urged its 27 member governments to boost public spending and give tax breaks to industry. For NPR News, I'm Larry Miller in London.

Former President Jimmy Carter, former UN Chief Kofi Annan and Nelson Mandela's wife have canceled a planed trip to Zimbabwe after being denied travel visas. More from NPR's Ofeibea Quist-Arcton in Johannesburg.

A senior official from President Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF Party said Kofi Annan was not welcome, because during his time as UN Secretary General, he had allowed targeted international sanctions to be imposed on Zimbabwe. That's what the Mugabe camp is saying. The trip was to assess the humanitarian17 crisis in a country in the group of political and economic paralysis18. The elders, as they called, will remain here in South Africa this weekend and hope to be fully19 briefed about the situation in Zimbabwe and the region before calling another news conference on Monday. Ofeibea Quist-Arcton, NPR News, Johannesburg.

This is NPR News from Washington.

A suspected US missile attack has reportedly killed five people in northwest Pakistan. Pakistani officials say the dead include British Islamist militant20 Rashid Rauf who’s accused of being involved in a plot to bomb trans-Atlantic jetliners. He escaped from custody21 in Pakistan nearly a year ago. The BBC's Daniel Sandford reports.

Unconfirmed reports today say Rauf was killed along with other senior Jihadists by an American missile attack on a house in the North Waziristan region of Pakistan. Pakistani Intelligence officials gave some backing to the reports of Rauf's death, but a Taliban spokesman said all those killed were local to the area. Rauf was arrested in August 2006, at the same time, with the destruction of the alleged22 plot to destroy trans-Atlantic airliners23 with liquid bombs. Security officials claimed he was a link man between the British end of the operation and Pakistan. The BBC's Daniel Sandford reporting.

Two astronauts from the space shuttle Endeavor are conducting a space walk outside the International Space Station at this hour to clean and lubricate a rotary24 joint25 that allows large solar arrays to pivot26 and face the sun. There was yet another malfunction27 today in the orbiting outpost’s new recycling system that supposed to convert urine into drinking water. Space station commander Mike Fincke said such problems are common when flight testing new equipment and he insisted that he trusted the system. "It's just the water that's taken out and it's really clean and purified water, in fact, it's probably more pure than most people's tap water. So I'm not afraid to drink it. " The water recycling system has to work properly for NASA to be able to double the size of the space station crew next year.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 sweeping ihCzZ4     
adj.范围广大的,一扫无遗的
参考例句:
  • The citizens voted for sweeping reforms.公民投票支持全面的改革。
  • Can you hear the wind sweeping through the branches?你能听到风掠过树枝的声音吗?
2 stimulus 3huyO     
n.刺激,刺激物,促进因素,引起兴奋的事物
参考例句:
  • Regard each failure as a stimulus to further efforts.把每次失利看成对进一步努力的激励。
  • Light is a stimulus to growth in plants.光是促进植物生长的一个因素。
3 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
4 democrats 655beefefdcaf76097d489a3ff245f76     
n.民主主义者,民主人士( democrat的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The Democrats held a pep rally on Capitol Hill yesterday. 民主党昨天在国会山召开了竞选誓师大会。
  • The democrats organize a filibuster in the senate. 民主党党员组织了阻挠议事。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 economist AuhzVs     
n.经济学家,经济专家,节俭的人
参考例句:
  • He cast a professional economist's eyes on the problem.他以经济学行家的眼光审视这个问题。
  • He's an economist who thinks he knows all the answers.他是个经济学家,自以为什么都懂。
6 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
7 slated 87d23790934cf766dc7204830faf2859     
用石板瓦盖( slate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Yuki is working up an in-home phonics program slated for Thursdays, and I'm drilling her on English conversation at dinnertime. Yuki每周四还有一次家庭语音课。我在晚餐时训练她的英语口语。
  • Bromfield was slated to become U.S. Secretary of Agriculture. 布罗姆菲尔德被提名为美国农业部长。
8 treasury 7GeyP     
n.宝库;国库,金库;文库
参考例句:
  • The Treasury was opposed in principle to the proposals.财政部原则上反对这些提案。
  • This book is a treasury of useful information.这本书是有价值的信息宝库。
9 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
10 makers 22a4efff03ac42c1785d09a48313d352     
n.制造者,制造商(maker的复数形式)
参考例句:
  • The makers of the product assured us that there had been no sacrifice of quality. 这一产品的制造商向我们保证说他们没有牺牲质量。
  • The makers are about to launch out a new product. 制造商们马上要生产一种新产品。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 scrambling cfea7454c3a8813b07de2178a1025138     
v.快速爬行( scramble的现在分词 );攀登;争夺;(军事飞机)紧急起飞
参考例句:
  • Scrambling up her hair, she darted out of the house. 她匆忙扎起头发,冲出房去。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • She is scrambling eggs. 她正在炒蛋。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 prerequisite yQCxu     
n.先决条件;adj.作为前提的,必备的
参考例句:
  • Stability and unity are a prerequisite to the four modernizations.安定团结是实现四个现代化的前提。
  • It is a prerequisite of entry to the profession that you pass the exams.做这一行的先决条件是要通过了有关的考试。
13 miller ZD6xf     
n.磨坊主
参考例句:
  • Every miller draws water to his own mill.磨坊主都往自己磨里注水。
  • The skilful miller killed millions of lions with his ski.技术娴熟的磨坊主用雪橇杀死了上百万头狮子。
14 subsidies 84c7dc8329c19e43d3437248757e572c     
n.补贴,津贴,补助金( subsidy的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • European agriculture ministers failed to break the deadlock over farm subsidies. 欧洲各国农业部长在农业补贴问题上未能打破僵局。
  • Agricultural subsidies absorb about half the EU's income. 农业补贴占去了欧盟收入的大约一半。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 commissioner gq3zX     
n.(政府厅、局、处等部门)专员,长官,委员
参考例句:
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
16 subsidy 2U5zo     
n.补助金,津贴
参考例句:
  • The university will receive a subsidy for research in artificial intelligence.那个大学将得到一笔人工智能研究的补助费。
  • The living subsidy for senior expert's family is included in the remuneration.报酬已包含高级专家家人的生活补贴。
17 humanitarian kcoxQ     
n.人道主义者,博爱者,基督凡人论者
参考例句:
  • She has many humanitarian interests and contributes a lot to them.她拥有很多慈善事业,并作了很大的贡献。
  • The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area.英国政府现已暂停对这一地区的人道主义援助。
18 paralysis pKMxY     
n.麻痹(症);瘫痪(症)
参考例句:
  • The paralysis affects his right leg and he can only walk with difficulty.他右腿瘫痪步履维艰。
  • The paralysis affects his right leg and he can only walk with difficulty.他右腿瘫痪步履维艰。
19 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
20 militant 8DZxh     
adj.激进的,好斗的;n.激进分子,斗士
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals.一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。
  • He is a militant in the movement.他在那次运动中是个激进人物。
21 custody Qntzd     
n.监护,照看,羁押,拘留
参考例句:
  • He spent a week in custody on remand awaiting sentence.等候判决期间他被还押候审一个星期。
  • He was taken into custody immediately after the robbery.抢劫案发生后,他立即被押了起来。
22 alleged gzaz3i     
a.被指控的,嫌疑的
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • alleged irregularities in the election campaign 被指称竞选运动中的不正当行为
23 airliners 1ec0b4504c9e854df736acf1fcb02db5     
n.客机,班机( airliner的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The fog grounded the airliners. 大雾迫使班机停飞。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They placed very stable and accurate atomic clocks on regularly scheduled jet airliners. 他们将非常稳定、准确的原子钟装在定期飞行的喷气式班机上。 来自辞典例句
24 rotary fXsxE     
adj.(运动等)旋转的;轮转的;转动的
参考例句:
  • The central unit is a rotary drum.核心设备是一个旋转的滚筒。
  • A rotary table helps to optimize the beam incidence angle.一张旋转的桌子有助于将光线影响之方式角最佳化。
25 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
26 pivot E2rz6     
v.在枢轴上转动;装枢轴,枢轴;adj.枢轴的
参考例句:
  • She is the central pivot of creation and represents the feminine aspect in all things.她是创造的中心枢轴,表现出万物的女性面貌。
  • If a spring is present,the hand wheel will pivot on the spring.如果有弹簧,手轮的枢轴会装在弹簧上。
27 malfunction 1ASxT     
vi.发生功能故障,发生故障,显示机能失常
参考例句:
  • There must have been a computer malfunction.一定是出了电脑故障。
  • Results have been delayed owing to a malfunction in the computer.由于电脑发生故障,计算结果推迟了。
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