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NPR 2009-07-07

时间:2009-08-12 01:46来源:互联网 提供网友:putihuaye   字体: [ ]
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President Obama says a preliminary agreement reached today with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev is an important step toward increasing nuclear security.

"We have signed a joint1 understanding for a follow-on treaty to the START agreement that will reduce our nuclear warheads and delivery systems by up to a third from our current treaty limitations. This legally binding2 treaty will be completed this year."

Mr. Obama met with the Russian President in Moscow today. Their talks continue Tuesday.

Seven US troops were killed in roadside bombings and firefights with militants3 in Afghanistan. It was the deadliest day for US forces there in nearly a year. Insurgent4 attacks have spiked5 as US marines carried out a major offensive against Taliban in southern Helmand province.

The Defense6 Secretary during the height of the US war in Vietnam, Robert McNamara died today. He was 93. NPR's Elizabeth Shogren reports.

McNamara was Secretary of Defense under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. He played a key role in handling the Cuban missile crisis in 1962 and was a prime architect of the Vietnam War. The US effort to defeat the North Vietnamese communist regime cost the lives of more than 58,000 Americans and prompted broad public protests. Many people blamed McNamara for the United States' painful failure. Decades later, he conceded that his war strategy in Southeast Asia was "wrong, terribly wrong". Before serving as Defense Secretary, McNamara was the president of Ford7 Motor Company. After he resigned from government service, he took over the helm of the World Bank and steered8 that organization to focus more on fighting poverty. Elizabeth Shogren, NPR News, Washington.

Paramilitary troops are patrolling the capital of China's westernmost province in an effort to prevent more riots. Demonstrations9 yesterday exploded into violence which has left at least 156 people dead and injured more than 800. NPR's Anthony Kuhn has more from Urumchi, China.

Riot police and armored vehicles gathered near Urumchi's grand international bazaar10 in a neighborhood dominated by the Uigur ethnic11 group. Uigurs stood in the streets and watched warily12 as police swooped13 in to make occasional arrests. Meanwhile top provincial14 officials held a special meeting to address the violence. The officials emphasized on state television that the riots were the work of extremists and separatists instigated15 by Uigur exiles overseas and that the government's ethnic and religious policies had nothing to do with it. Locals expect the current security measures here including the suspension of all Internet service to continue for at least two more days. Anthony Kuhn, NPR News, Urumchi, China.

On Wall Street today, the Dow closed up 44 points at 8,324. The NASDAQ was down nine points.

This is NPR News.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is scheduled to meet with ousted16 Honduran President Manuel Zelaya tomorrow in Washington. The US has condemned17 the coup18 that overthrew19 Zelaya more than a week ago and the violence used against his supporters. Zelaya tried to return to Honduras yesterday, but coup authorities prevented his plane from landing. He says he will try to return again.

The state of Tennessee is closing its public caves because of a fungus20 that's killing21 bats. White nose syndrome22 has already killed at least 500,000 bats in New England and the mid-Atlantic. From member station WPLN in Nashville, Blake Farmer reports.

White nose was discovered in upstate New York three years ago and has since swept south. Endangered Species Coordinator23 Richard Kirk of the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency says the one-year cave closure should slow the spread of the fungus which has killed up to 95% of infected bat populations.

"White nose is something that we kept up with, but it was in the northeast and so it really wasn't on the front burner here until we got this major jump."

Kirk says Tennessee may be more susceptible24 to outbreaks because unlike many bats up north, those living in the south dwell in caves year-round. US Fish and Wildlife suggests all states bordering Virginia consider a cave closure. Biologists believe cavers may be partly to blame for spreading the fungus by not disinfecting their gear before entering a new cave. For NPR News, I'm Blake Farmer in Nashville.

The government has finalized25 rules governing federally funded research on human embryonic26 stem cells. The National Institutes of Health today said federal money may only be used to work with human embryos27 from fertility clinics that would otherwise be discarded rather than from those created for research purposes.

I'm Barbara Klein, NPR News in Washington.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
2 binding 2yEzWb     
有约束力的,有效的,应遵守的
参考例句:
  • The contract was not signed and has no binding force. 合同没有签署因而没有约束力。
  • Both sides have agreed that the arbitration will be binding. 双方都赞同仲裁具有约束力。
3 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
4 insurgent V4RyP     
adj.叛乱的,起事的;n.叛乱分子
参考例句:
  • Faruk says they are threatened both by insurgent and government forces.法鲁克说,他们受到暴乱分子和政府军队的双重威胁。
  • The insurgent mob assembled at the gate of the city park.叛变的暴徒聚在市立公园的门口。
5 spiked 5fab019f3e0b17ceef04e9d1198b8619     
adj.有穗的;成锥形的;有尖顶的
参考例句:
  • The editor spiked the story. 编辑删去了这篇报道。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They wondered whether their drinks had been spiked. 他们有些疑惑自己的饮料里是否被偷偷搀了烈性酒。 来自辞典例句
6 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
7 Ford KiIxx     
n.浅滩,水浅可涉处;v.涉水,涉过
参考例句:
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
8 steered dee52ce2903883456c9b7a7f258660e5     
v.驾驶( steer的过去式和过去分词 );操纵;控制;引导
参考例句:
  • He steered the boat into the harbour. 他把船开进港。
  • The freighter steered out of Santiago Bay that evening. 那天晚上货轮驶出了圣地亚哥湾。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 demonstrations 0922be6a2a3be4bdbebd28c620ab8f2d     
证明( demonstration的名词复数 ); 表明; 表达; 游行示威
参考例句:
  • Lectures will be interspersed with practical demonstrations. 讲课中将不时插入实际示范。
  • The new military government has banned strikes and demonstrations. 新的军人政府禁止罢工和示威活动。
10 bazaar 3Qoyt     
n.集市,商店集中区
参考例句:
  • Chickens,goats and rabbits were offered for barter at the bazaar.在集市上,鸡、山羊和兔子被摆出来作物物交换之用。
  • We bargained for a beautiful rug in the bazaar.我们在集市通过讨价还价买到了一条很漂亮的地毯。
11 ethnic jiAz3     
adj.人种的,种族的,异教徒的
参考例句:
  • This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  • The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
12 warily 5gvwz     
adv.留心地
参考例句:
  • He looked warily around him,pretending to look after Carrie.他小心地看了一下四周,假装是在照顾嘉莉。
  • They were heading warily to a point in the enemy line.他们正小心翼翼地向着敌人封锁线的某一处前进。
13 swooped 33b84cab2ba3813062b6e35dccf6ee5b     
俯冲,猛冲( swoop的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The aircraft swooped down over the buildings. 飞机俯冲到那些建筑物上方。
  • The hawk swooped down on the rabbit and killed it. 鹰猛地朝兔子扑下来,并把它杀死。
14 provincial Nt8ye     
adj.省的,地方的;n.外省人,乡下人
参考例句:
  • City dwellers think country folk have provincial attitudes.城里人以为乡下人思想迂腐。
  • Two leading cadres came down from the provincial capital yesterday.昨天从省里下来了两位领导干部。
15 instigated 55d9a8c3f57ae756aae88f0b32777cd4     
v.使(某事物)开始或发生,鼓动( instigate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The government has instigated a programme of economic reform. 政府已实施了经济改革方案。
  • He instigated the revolt. 他策动了这次叛乱。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
16 ousted 1c8f4f95f3bcc86657d7ec7543491ed6     
驱逐( oust的过去式和过去分词 ); 革职; 罢黜; 剥夺
参考例句:
  • He was ousted as chairman. 他的主席职务被革除了。
  • He may be ousted by a military takeover. 他可能在一场军事接管中被赶下台。
17 condemned condemned     
adj. 被责难的, 被宣告有罪的 动词condemn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He condemned the hypocrisy of those politicians who do one thing and say another. 他谴责了那些说一套做一套的政客的虚伪。
  • The policy has been condemned as a regressive step. 这项政策被认为是一种倒退而受到谴责。
18 coup co5z4     
n.政变;突然而成功的行动
参考例句:
  • The monarch was ousted by a military coup.那君主被军事政变者废黜了。
  • That government was overthrown in a military coup three years ago.那个政府在3年前的军事政变中被推翻。
19 overthrew dd5ffd99a6b4c9da909dc8baf50ba04a     
overthrow的过去式
参考例句:
  • The people finally rose up and overthrew the reactionary regime. 人们终于起来把反动的政权推翻了。
  • They overthrew their King. 他们推翻了国王。
20 fungus gzRyI     
n.真菌,真菌类植物
参考例句:
  • Mushrooms are a type of fungus.蘑菇是一种真菌。
  • This fungus can just be detected by the unaided eye.这种真菌只用肉眼就能检查出。
21 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
22 syndrome uqBwu     
n.综合病症;并存特性
参考例句:
  • The Institute says that an unidentified virus is to blame for the syndrome. 该研究所表示,引起这种综合症的是一种尚未确认的病毒。
  • Results indicated that 11 fetuses had Down syndrome. 结果表明有11个胎儿患有唐氏综合征。
23 coordinator Gvazk6     
n.协调人
参考例句:
  • The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, headed by the Emergency Relief Coordinator, coordinates all UN emergency relief. 联合国人道主义事务协调厅在紧急救济协调员领导下,负责协调联合国的所有紧急救济工作。
  • How am I supposed to find the client-relations coordinator? 我怎么才能找到客户关系协调员的办公室?
24 susceptible 4rrw7     
adj.过敏的,敏感的;易动感情的,易受感动的
参考例句:
  • Children are more susceptible than adults.孩子比成人易受感动。
  • We are all susceptible to advertising.我们都易受广告的影响。
25 finalized 73d0ccbca69b94ee4cd7fc367a8ac9fc     
vt.完成(finalize的过去式与过去分词形式)
参考例句:
  • The draft of this article has been finalized [done]. 这篇文章已经定稿。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • The draft was revised several times before it was finalized. 稿子几经删改才定下来。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
26 embryonic 58EyK     
adj.胚胎的
参考例句:
  • It is still in an embryonic stage.它还处于萌芽阶段。
  • The plan,as yet,only exists in embryonic form.这个计划迄今为止还只是在酝酿之中。
27 embryos 0e62a67414ef42288b74539e591aa30a     
n.晶胚;胚,胚胎( embryo的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Somatic cells of angiosperms enter a regenerative phase and behave like embryos. 被子植物体细胞进入一个生殖阶段,而且其行为象胚。 来自辞典例句
  • Evolution can explain why human embryos look like gilled fishes. 进化论能够解释为什么人类的胚胎看起来象除去了内脏的鱼一样。 来自辞典例句
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