英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

2015年6月英语四级考试真题与答案(第一套)

时间:2015-12-02 07:48来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Section A

  Directions : In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end ofeach conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both theconversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will bea pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A., B), C.and D),and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

1.A.He will give the woman some tips on the game.

B.The woman has good reason to quit the game.

C.He is willing to play chess with the woman.

D.The woman should go on playing chess.

2.A.The man can forward the mail to Mary.

B.She can call Mary to take care of the mail.

C.Mary probably knows Sally's new address.

D.She would like to resume1 contact with Sally.

3.A.His handwriting has a unique style.

B.His notes are not easy to read.

C.He did not attend today's class.

D.He is very pleased to be able to help.

4.A.The man had better choose another restaurant.

B.The new restaurant is a perfect place for dating.

C.The new restaurant caught her fancy immediately.

D.The man has good taste in choosing the restaurant.

5.A.He has been looking forward to spring.

B.He has been waiting for the winter sale.

C.He will clean the woman's boots for spring.

D.He will help the woman put things away.

6.A.The woman is rather forgetful.

B.The man appreciates the woman's help.

C.The man often lends books to the woman.

D.The woman often works overtime2 at weekends.

7.A.Go to work on foot.

B.Take a sightseeing trip.

C.Start work earlier than usual.

D.Take a walk when the weather is nice.

8.A.The plane is going to land at another airport.

B.All flights have been delayed due to bad weather.

C.Temporary closing has disturbed the airport's operation.

D.The airport's management is in real need of improvement.

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A.It specializes in safety from leaks.

B.It is headquartered in London.

C.It has a partnership3 with LCP.

D.It has a chemical processing plant.

10.A.He is Mr.Grand's friend.

B.He is a safety inspector4.

C.He is a salesman.

D.He is a chemist.

11.A.Director of the safety department.

B.Mr.Grand's personal assistant.

C.Head of the personnel5 department.

D.The public relations officer.

12.A.Walt for Mr.Grand to call back.

B.Leave a message for Mr.Grand.

C.Provide details of their products and services.

D.Send a comprehensive description of their work.

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

13.A.She learned playing the violin from a famous French musician.

B.She dreamed of working and living in a European country.

C.She read a lot about European musicians and their music.

D.She listened to recordings6 of many European orchestras7.

14.A.She began taking violin lessons as a small child.

B.She was a pupil of a famous European violinist.

C.She gave her first performance with her father.

D.She became a professional violinist at fifteen.

15.A.It gave her a chance to explore the city.

B.It was the chance of a lifetime.

C.It was a great challenge to her.

D.It helped her learn classical French music.

 

Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages.At the end of each passage, you will hearsome questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After youhear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A., B),C.and D ).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the centre.

Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.A.There are mysterious stories behind his works.

B.There are many misunderstandings about him.

C.His works have no match worldwide.

D.His personal history is little known.

17.A.He moved to Stratford-on-Avon in his childhood.

B.He failed to go beyond grammar school.

C.He was a member of the town council.

D.He once worked in a well-known acting8 company.

18.A.Writers of his time had no means to protect their works.

B.Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.

C.His works were adapted beyond recognition9.

D.People of his time had little interest in him.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.A.Theft.

B.Cheating.

C.Air crash.

D.Road accidents.

20.A.Learn the local customs.

B.Make hotel reservations.

C.Book tickets well in advance.

D.Have the right documents.

21.A.Contact your agent.

B.Get a lift if possible.

C.Use official transport.

D.Have a friend meet you.

Passage Three

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22.A.Cut down production cost.

B.Sell inexpensive products.

C.Specialise in gold ornaments10.

D.Refine the taste of his goods.

23.A.At a national press conference.

B.During a live television interview.

C.During a local sales promotion11 campaign.

D.At a meeting of top British businesspeople.

24.A.Insulted.

B.Puzzled.

C.Distressed12.

D.Discouraged.

25.A.The words of some businesspeople are just rubbish.

B.He who never learns from the past is bound to fail.

C.There should be a limit to one's sense of humour.

D.He is not laughed at, that laughs at himself first.

 

Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the firsttime, you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for thesecond time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what youhave written.

  Looking at the basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well.Yet economic indicators13 show the world is (26) Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the (27) The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created.How can biological indicators show the 28 of economic indicators?

  The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resource uses that( 29) progress and those uses that will hurt it.The main measure of economic progress is the gross14 national product (GNP). (30) , this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment.Developed a half-century ago, GNP helped (31) a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output.For some time, this seemed to work (32 )well, but serious weaknesses are now appearing.As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not( 33 )the loss of natural resources, including nonrenewable resources such as oil or renewable resources such as forests.

  This basic fault can produce a( 34 )sense of national economic health.According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forests actually do better than those that preserve their forests.The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction15 is made for (35 )the forests.

 

1.D)。选项中多次出现game和play chess,可以推测对话内容与下象棋有关。另外,从四个选项的内容审可以椎测,对话讲的府该县女士想放弃下象棋,男士给出建议或指导。

  本题的关键在于听懂反问句和反问的语调。女士说因为今天又输了,所以打算放弃下象棋。男士没有正面回应,而是反问了两句:Just because you lost?Is that any reaSon to quit?”仅仅是因为输了吗?那能算是放弃的理由吗?”言外之意就是不该放弃。换句话说就是,男士建议女士继续下棋。故本题答案为D)。

  2.C)。选项中出现了mail,address和contact等词,可以推测对话内容和邮件有关:由选项中的玛丽和萨利两个人名可知对话的内容涉及另外两个人,人物较多,听录音时应注意区分人物之间的关系,做好标记;另外,选项A)以the mail作主语,选项B)和D)以she作主语,可以推测该题会从女士的角度提问,女士的话为听音重点。

  本题的关键在于听到细节“Mary should know it.”男士想把萨利的邮件转寄给她,问女士是否知道她的地址。女士说自己很久没跟萨利联系了,但是结尾补充了一句:“玛丽应该知道地址。”故本题答案为C)。

  3.B)。选项中出现了handwriting,notes和class等词,可以推测对话内容应该与上课做笔记有关。另外,四个选项中,A)和B)以his开头,C)和D)以he为主语,可以推测该题会从男士的角度提问,男士的话为听音重点。

  解题的关键是听懂反意疑问句。女士想要借男士的笔记看,男士没有正面回答,而是反问道:You've never seen my handwriting,have you?“你没看过我的笔迹,对吗?”言外之意就是自己的笔迹难以辨认,不易读懂。故本题答案为B)。

  4.A)。四个选项中反复出现了choose和restaurant等词,由此推测对话内容与选择饭店有关。另外,选项A)和D)均是讲男士选择饭店,而选项B)和C)则出现了dating和her,故可推测该题可能是从女士的角度看待男士所选择的饭店,女士的话为听音重点。男士说今晚要带女朋友去新开的饭店过生日。女士说她上周去过,太让她失望了。从rather disaDpointing可以听出女士话语中强烈的否定意味,言外之意就是建议男士不要去这家饭店了,应该另选一家。故本题答案为A)。

  5.A)。四个选项中三个都提到了季节,由此推测对话内容可能与季节有关。另外,四个选项都是以he开头,故可判断该题会从男士的角度进行提问,男士的话为听音重点。

女士说,冬天终于结束了,可以把手套和靴子收起来了。男士回应说为此他已经等了好几个月了。显然男士和女士一样非常期待冬天的结束,也就是盼望春天的到来。故本题答案为A)。

  6.B).四个选项中,A)和D)以the woman为主语,B)和C)以the man为主语,选项在内容上较分散,可以推测该题并非针对男士或女士个人的话提问,而是考查对整个对话的理解,听音时应注意从全局把握对话内容。

对话开头,女士对男士说,谢谢他把书送回来,由此可知应该是男士借了女士的书,故首先排除C)项:男士说,他认为女士周末会用到,而且感谢女士让他使用这些书,故本题选择B)。

  7.A)。选项中涉及work,on foot,trip和walk等词,可推测对话和步行上班或旅行相关。四个选项均为动词短语,由此可推断该题会对建议或计划进行提问,应特别注意和建议或计划相关的表述。

女士问男士的工作时间是否可以变通,男士回答说,不能。但今天天气很好,他决定步行去上班。所以必须比平常早一个小时出发。男士话语中有明显的表示计划的动词decided,其后的内容就是本题的答案,故答案为A)。

  8.C)。四个选项均涉及飞机和机场,而且都和机场存在的问题有关,故听音的重点为机场在哪方面出现了问题。

  9.D)。由对话开头可知,男士在给女士打电话,女士问男士有什么事情,男士在说明来电目的前说,自己了解到女士的公司有家化学加工厂,故D)为答案。

  10.C)。对话中,男士先表明自己的身份,介绍了自己公司,说明了来电目的是想和格兰德先生讨论如何帮助TGC公司防止泄漏,同时节省开支的问题,实际上就是要推荐自己公司的产品,由此可推断男士是一名销售员,故C)为答案。

  11.B)。对话中,女士告知男士格兰德先生非常忙,没空与男士说话,男士想找其他人商谈,女士告诉他,他正和格兰德先生的私人助理说话,即女士就是格兰德先生的私人助理,故B)为答案。

  12.C)。对话中,女士说let me suggest Something,由此可知,其后就是女士对男士的建议,即为该题的答案。对话中,女士建议男士将其公司产品和服务的详情以及其他公司的推荐信一并寄送过来,之后会和男士联系,故C)为答案。

  13.D)。男士问女士是否想过会在西方世界生活和工作,女士回答说没有,但是自己一直都听欧洲大型管弦乐队的唱片,由此可知女士在到欧洲之前听过很多欧洲管弦乐队的唱片,故D)是答案。

  14.A)。男士问女士是否很小就喜欢古典音乐,女士给出肯定回答,并说自己六岁就开始在学校学习小提琴,故A)为答案。

  15.B)。对话末尾,女士提到自己十五岁获得奖学金到巴黎留学,男士询问女士父母对此有何感受,女士说她父母喜忧参半,因为这既是个千载难逢的机会,也意味着她要远离故乡。四个选项中只有B)与原文相符,故为答案。

  16.D)。短文中作者先提出“有多少人了解莎士比亚本人”的问题,接着指出学者们经过几个世纪的研究之后,仍然在不断探索他的个人史。由此可知,莎士比亚的个人史很少有人知道,故D)为答案。

  17.C)。本题考查对莎士比亚父亲的了解,由于使用的人称代词都是he,会对听前预测造成一定的干扰,在听录音时应注意将选项和短文内容进行匹配区别。文章中提到莎士比亚的父亲受人尊敬,是埃文河畔斯特拉特福镇议会的一名成员,故C)为答案。

  18.B)。文章中提到1666年伦敦的一场大火把很多重要文件烧毁了,而这些本来可能是了解莎士比亚的线索,因此莎士比亚的一部分生活将永远不为人所知,故B)为答案。

  19.A)。短文开头部分提到,人们在外出旅游时遇到的大部分人都是既友好又热情的,但也会遇到很多危险,而其中最为常见的就是盗窃,故A)为答案。

  20.D)。文中提到,在准备出国旅游时,一定要确保文件正确,谁都不想到了目的地却发现签证错误、护照过期等情况。选项D)中的documents与文中的paperwork是同义转述,故D)为答案。

  21.C)。文章最后给出建议:到达目的地后要选择乘坐正规的交通工具,故C)为答案。

  22.B)。短文提到,拉特纳在1984年接管了父亲的珠宝连锁店后,决定以最低的价格卖出低档产品,选项B)中sell inexpensive products是原文sell downmarket products的同义转述,故B)为答案。

  23.D)。短文明确提到,在一次英国上层商人会议上,拉特纳出席并解释了自己成功的秘密,故D)为答案。

  24.A)。短文提到,听到拉特纳的评论后,人们觉得受到了侮辱并远离拉特纳的商店,故A)为答案。

  25.C)。短文开头就点明了主题,提到英国人以自嘲闻名,但即使是对他们来说,幽默也应该有限度,接着短文以拉特纳的故事为例说明这个主题,文末再次强调“这个玩笑的代价太大了”,以此首尾呼应,告诉我们开玩笑要有度,故C)为答案。

  26.prospering16。此处应该填人一个现在分词或形容词,作is的表语。prospering意为“繁荣的”。

  27.decade。此处应该填入表示时间的名词,与前面的介词during搭配。decade意为“十年”。

  28.opposite。此处应该填入名词。opposite意为“对立面”。

  29.sustain17。此处应该填入动词原形作从句谓语,上文的先行词reSource uses充当其主语。sustain意为“保持,维持”。

  30.In simple terms。此处应该填入副词或介词短语作状语。in simple terms意为“简言之”。

  31.establish。此处应该填入动词原形,与其前面的help搭配,并且能和后面的way搭配。estabfish意为“建立,设立”。

  32.reaSonably。此处应该填入副词修饰well。reaSonably意为“尚可,还可以”。

  33.take into account。此处应该填入动词原形或动词短语。take into account意为“考虑,重视”。

  34.misleading。此处应该填入形容词来修饰sense。misleading意为“令人误解的”。

  35.using up。此处应该填人动名词或动名词短语来作介词for的宾语,并和forests进行搭配。usingup意为“耗尽,用光”。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 resume 7sAyr     
v.(中断后)继续,恢复;n.摘要,简历
参考例句:
  • We'll stop now and resume at two o 'clock.我们现在停下来,到两点再干。
  • My resume shows that I have the right qualifications for the job.我的简历表明我正符合这项工作的条件。
2 overtime aKqxn     
adj.超时的,加班的;adv.加班地
参考例句:
  • They are working overtime to finish the work.为了完成任务他们正在加班加点地工作。
  • He was paid for the overtime he worked.他领到了加班费。
3 partnership NmfzPy     
n.合作关系,伙伴关系
参考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
  • Martin has taken him into general partnership in his company.马丁已让他成为公司的普通合伙人。
4 inspector q6kxH     
n.检查员,监察员,视察员
参考例句:
  • The inspector was interested in everything pertaining to the school.视察员对有关学校的一切都感兴趣。
  • The inspector was shining a flashlight onto the tickets.查票员打着手电筒查看车票。
5 personnel YMsxM     
n.[总称]人员,员工,人事部门
参考例句:
  • The personnel are not happy to change these rules.全体工作人员对改变这些规定很不高兴。
  • Personnel has lost my tax forms.人事部门把我的税收表格给弄丢了。
6 recordings 22f9946cd05973582e73e4e3c0239bb7     
n.记录( recording的名词复数 );录音;录像;唱片
参考例句:
  • a boxed set of original recordings 一套盒装原声录音带
  • old jazz recordings reissued on CD 以激光唱片重新发行的老爵士乐
7 orchestras 1574eb24a53537ccfc3107439949ad89     
管弦乐队( orchestra的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The orchestras, the choruses, the drama and opera casts, will be cut to pieces. 各个管弦乐队、合唱队、戏剧和歌剧的演员名单都将支离破碎。
  • In Indonesia, gamelan orchestras play music on gongs, drums, and xylophones. 印度尼西亚,佳美兰乐队用锣、和木琴演奏音乐。
8 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
9 recognition zUYxm     
n.承认,认可,认出,认识
参考例句:
  • The place has changed beyond recognition.这地方变得认不出来了。
  • A sudden smile of recognition flashed across his face.他脸上掠过一丝笑意,表示认识对方。
10 ornaments 2bf24c2bab75a8ff45e650a1e4388dec     
n.装饰( ornament的名词复数 );点缀;装饰品;首饰v.装饰,点缀,美化( ornament的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The shelves were chock-a-block with ornaments. 架子上堆满了装饰品。
  • Playing the piano sets up resonance in those glass ornaments. 一弹钢琴那些玻璃饰物就会产生共振。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晋级;促销,宣传
参考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
12 distressed du1z3y     
痛苦的
参考例句:
  • He was too distressed and confused to answer their questions. 他非常苦恼而困惑,无法回答他们的问题。
  • The news of his death distressed us greatly. 他逝世的消息使我们极为悲痛。
13 indicators f46872fc1b5f08e9d32bd107be1df829     
(仪器上显示温度、压力、耗油量等的)指针( indicator的名词复数 ); 指示物; (车辆上的)转弯指示灯; 指示信号
参考例句:
  • The economic indicators are better than expected. 经济指标比预期的好。
  • It is still difficult to develop indicators for many concepts used in social science. 为社会科学领域的许多概念确立一个指标仍然很难。
14 gross cyEys     
adj.全部的,粗俗的,肥胖的;vt.获得...总收入
参考例句:
  • The gross weight of the box of chocolates is 500 grams.那盒巧克力的全部重量是500克。
  • I consider this a gross oversight on your part.我把这件事看作是你的一大疏忽。
15 subtraction RsJwl     
n.减法,减去
参考例句:
  • We do addition and subtraction in arithmetic.在算术里,我们作加减运算。
  • They made a subtraction of 50 dollars from my salary.他们从我的薪水里扣除了五十美元。
16 prospering b1bc062044f12a5281fbe25a1132df04     
成功,兴旺( prosper的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Our country is thriving and prospering day by day. 祖国日益繁荣昌盛。
  • His business is prospering. 他生意兴隆。
17 sustain 1FqyS     
vt.保持,供养,维持,支持,经受
参考例句:
  • During the war we had just enough food to sustain us.战争期间,我们的食物仅够维持生活。
  • These four posts sustain the entire building.这四根柱子支撑着整座建筑物。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   四级英语考试  听力真题
顶一下
(9)
69.2%
踩一下
(4)
30.8%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴