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【CET 12-24备战】之六级听力(四)

时间:2005-12-04 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:huxiaofeng   字体: [ ]
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Passage Two
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
15.
A) By greeting each other very politely.
B) By exchanging their views on public affairs.
C) By displaying their feelings and emotions.
D) By asking each other some personal questions.

16.
A) Refrain from showing his feelings.
B) Express his opinion frankly1.
C) Argue fiercely.
D) Yell loudly.

17.
A) Getting rich quickly.
B) Distinguishing oneself.
C) Respecting individual rights.
D) Doing credit to one's community.

答案及参考原文:

DAB2

American visitors to Eastern Asia are often surprised and puzzled by how Asian cultures and customs differ from those in the United States. What's considered typical or proper social conduct in one country may be regard as odd, improper3 or even rude in the other. For example, people from some Eastern Asian countries may begin a conversation with a stranger by asking personal questions(15) about family, home or work. Such questions are thought to be friendly, whereas they might be considered offensive in the United States. On the other hand, people in most Asian cultures are far more guarded about expressing their feelings publicly than most Americans are. Openly displaying annoyance4 or anger, yelling, arguing loudly and so forth5 is considered ill-mannered in countries such as Japan. Many Eastern Asians prefer to hold their emotions in check(16) and instead express themselves with great politeness. They try not to be blunt and avoid making direct criticisms. In fact, they often keep their differences of opinion to themselves and merely smile and remain silent rather than engage in a confrontation6. By comparison, Americans are often frank about displaying both positive and negative emotions on the street and in other public places. Americans visiting Asia should keep in mind that such behavior may cause offense7. A major difference between Americans culture and most Eastern Asian cultures is that in Eastern Asia, the community is more important than the individual. Most Americans are considered a success when they make a name for themselves(17).

15. How would some Asians start their conversation when they meet for the first time?
16. What would a Japanese do when he feels annoyed?
17. What is encouraged in American culture according to the passage?


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 frankly fsXzcf     
adv.坦白地,直率地;坦率地说
参考例句:
  • To speak frankly, I don't like the idea at all.老实说,我一点也不赞成这个主意。
  • Frankly speaking, I'm not opposed to reform.坦率地说,我不反对改革。
2 dab jvHzPy     
v.轻触,轻拍,轻涂;n.(颜料等的)轻涂
参考例句:
  • She returned wearing a dab of rouge on each cheekbone.她回来时,两边面颊上涂有一点淡淡的胭脂。
  • She gave me a dab of potatoes with my supper.她给我晚饭时,还给了一点土豆。
3 improper b9txi     
adj.不适当的,不合适的,不正确的,不合礼仪的
参考例句:
  • Short trousers are improper at a dance.舞会上穿短裤不成体统。
  • Laughing and joking are improper at a funeral.葬礼时大笑和开玩笑是不合适的。
4 annoyance Bw4zE     
n.恼怒,生气,烦恼
参考例句:
  • Why do you always take your annoyance out on me?为什么你不高兴时总是对我出气?
  • I felt annoyance at being teased.我恼恨别人取笑我。
5 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
参考例句:
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
6 confrontation xYHy7     
n.对抗,对峙,冲突
参考例句:
  • We can't risk another confrontation with the union.我们不能冒再次同工会对抗的危险。
  • After years of confrontation,they finally have achieved a modus vivendi.在对抗很长时间后,他们最后达成安宁生存的非正式协议。
7 offense HIvxd     
n.犯规,违法行为;冒犯,得罪
参考例句:
  • I hope you will not take any offense at my words. 对我讲的话请别见怪。
  • His words gave great offense to everybody present.他的发言冲犯了在场的所有人。
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