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A Century of Memories (1900-1909)

时间:2006-11-09 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:nerlly   字体: [ ]
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A Century of Memories (1900-1909)

 

On the eve of the new century, the sense of 1)boundless1 possibilities also 2)ignited an explosion of technological2 3)innovations that would have 4)profound impact on twentieth-century life. Thomas Edison's electric 5)light bulb and phonograph, Alexander Graham Bell's telephone. Tens of thousands of 6)tinkerers across America were trying to invent the future. Among them were two bicycle mechanics in Dayton, Ohio.

Mable Griep --

Mabel: Orville and Wilbur, they as young boys, were interested in flying. And they would sit on the 7)porch and watch the birds. And the neighbours all around us say, "I don't know what they think they're going to do. Why they will never make an aeroplane?" 

Mabel Griep and her sister Loreen lived next door to the Wright Brothers. 

Loreen: Well, my father found out someway that they were going to try, have a trial flight. So we got in the surrey and we drove out to Hoffman Prairie. 

Mabel: I can hear dad turn more than once and say, "Look, are you all paying attention to this? Now listen to me. You're gonna remember this 'til your last day."

Loreen: When that plane took off the ground, people were speechless! It was spectacular! It was unbelievable!

One of the oldest dreams in human imagination had come true. 8)Sustained flight in a powered aeroplane. 

 

In 1900, there were only 8,000 cars and less than 10 miles of 9)concrete road in the entire country. But the car was fast seducing3 Americans.

The historian, Thomas Hughes --

Hughes: The automobile4 gave people a sense of the control of their own destiny. That is, behind the wheel, out on the road, you decided5 where you were going, what you were doing, and you had a machine at your control.

But early cars were fantastically expensive. The Artsburger, made in Pittsburgh, and the Pierce Arrow were really toys for the rich people until one manufacturer in Detroit saw it differently: Henry Ford6. 

Hughes: He saw the automobile as a way to relieve one of the burden of working in nature by the sweat of one's brow. He was motivated by the desire to put the automobile into the hands, first farmers, and then generally into the hands of ordinary people in the population. He wanted to produce many, many, many automobiles7 in a short, short time. 

 

 

It was the promise of material abundance and freedom which drew more than thirteen million impoverished8 Europeans to America between 1900 and 1914. It was the greatest free 10)migration9 in all of human history. The film-maker, Martin Scorcese's grandparents came from Italy. 

Scorcese: My mother's mother, Domenica, was afraid to travel on the boat. And the only way they got her on the boat was, her brother tricked her. He went on the boat with her, said he was going with her. And at the last minute she turned away, he left. 

Clara Hancox --

Hancox:       My mother came by herself through Siberia. She got to the coast, and got on the boat. They were just sitting on the deck. Hoards10 of people 11)huddled over their possessions which consisted of old pillows with feathers and the few pieces of silverware tucked in there and stuff like that, their candlesticks, and sleeping on the deck with one another, next to one another to keep oneself warm. It took weeks and weeks and weeks; it took ages.

Alfred Levitt remembers his voyage from Russia --

Levitt: When I crossed the ocean, I never saw such waves in my life. I never knew an ocean existed. Approaching the New York Harbour, the Statue of Liberty was there and it give me a free feeling; a feeling of a new nation; a feeling of a new hope for the beautiful life.

 

光阴的故事(1900-1909

19031217日,莱特兄弟制造的动力飞行器成功地实现了首次持续飞行。在莱特兄弟之前,无人有正确的飞行基础。在莱特兄弟之后,无人改动过此基础。(达勒·科林斯)

 

20世纪到来前夕,人们认识到没有实现不了的想法,这导引了新科技革命的爆发,并对20世纪的生活产生了深远的影响。托马斯·爱迪生发明了电灯和留声机,亚历山大·格拉罕·贝尔发明了电话。美国各地有数不清的人在尝试未来发明,其中包括俄亥俄州戴顿的两名自行车修理工。

玛宝·格里普——

玛宝:奥维尔和威尔保那时候年纪还小,他们对飞行很有兴趣。他们会坐在前廊观察鸟儿。我们身边所有的邻居都说:我不明白他们以后想干什么。他们怎么不去造飞机呢?

玛宝·格里普和妹妹罗琳当时住在莱特兄弟的隔壁。

罗琳:我父亲发现这兄弟俩怎么也要试上一试,他们要试飞。所以我们就坐上马车,去到霍夫曼大草原。

玛宝:我听到爸爸不止一次地说:你们是不是全力以赴了?那么听我说。一直到死的那天,你们都会记住今天。

罗琳:当飞机离开地面时,人们鸦雀无声!太壮观了!简直难以置信!

动力飞机的持续飞行,实现了人类最古老的一个梦想。

 

亨利·福特对美国的转型做出了无价的贡献。说他象征着美国由农业社会转为工业社会是无可厚非的。1879年小亨利离家去闯荡底特律的时候,八个美国人中只有两个住在城市里,而等到1947年亨利去世时,比率增加到八个中有五个。

1900年,全美国仅有八千辆小汽车,水泥公路不足10英里长。可是汽车对美国人的诱惑力实在太大了。

历史学家托马斯·休思——

休思:汽车带给人们一种掌控命运的感觉。也就是说,开着轮子上路,去向由你决定,怎么做由你决定,这个机器由你来控制。

可是早期的汽车价格惊人地昂贵。匹兹堡生产的亚茨伯格汽车和利箭汽车历来只是富人的玩具,直到底特律的一名制造商另有了想法,他就是亨利·福特。

休思:他希望用汽车来缓轻人们在自然中汗流浃背的劳作负荷。这个决心驱使他要普及汽车,首先在农民当中普及,然后是寻常大众。他想在很短、很短的时间内生产出许许多多、许许多多的汽车来。

 

十九世纪末,美国加大了工业化程度。许多工业都大量需要劳动力。工业发展为许多欧洲国家的贫民创造了巨大的机遇。

1900年至1914年间,对丰富物质和自由的向往使一千三百多万穷困潦倒的欧洲人流向美国。这是人类历史上最大规模的自由迁徙。电影制片商马丁·史科瑟思的祖父母来自意大利。

史科瑟思:我妈妈的妈妈叫多米尼加,她很怕乘船旅行。他们只好让她兄弟把她骗到船上。他上了船,说会和她一起走。最后一分钟,她刚转身,他就溜走了。

克拉拉·汉科斯——

汉科斯:我母亲独身一人从西伯利亚来。她去到海边,搭上船。人们都坐在甲板上。人群挤在一起,抱着自己的财物——有旧的羽毛枕头,里面塞着一两件银器、蜡烛台之类的东西——睡觉也和别人一块儿在甲板上睡,挨着别人取暖。船开了一周、一周又一周;行程漫漫。

    阿尔弗莱德·列维特清楚地记得他从俄罗斯过来的航程。

列维特:我横越汪洋,我一辈子都没见过这样的波浪。我还从不知道有海。船靠向纽约港,我看到自由女神像,感受到了自由,感受到了一个新的国度,感受到了对美好生活的新生希望。

 

注释:

1) boundless [5baJndlIs] a. 无边无际的

2) ignite [i^5nait] v. 点燃

3) innovation [7inEu5veiFEn] n. 改革,创新

4) profound [prE5faund] a. 意义深远的

5) light bulb 电灯泡

6) tinkerer [5tiNkErE] n. 修补匠

7) porch [pC:tF] n. 门廊

8) sustained [sEs5teind] a. 持续不变的

9) concrete [5kCnkri:t] n. 混凝土

10) migration [mai5^reiFEn] n. 迁徙

11) huddle11 [5hQdl] v. 挤成一团,蜷缩


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 boundless kt8zZ     
adj.无限的;无边无际的;巨大的
参考例句:
  • The boundless woods were sleeping in the deep repose of nature.无边无际的森林在大自然静寂的怀抱中酣睡着。
  • His gratitude and devotion to the Party was boundless.他对党无限感激、无限忠诚。
2 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
3 seducing 0de3234666d9f0bcf759f3e532ac218f     
诱奸( seduce的现在分词 ); 勾引; 诱使堕落; 使入迷
参考例句:
  • He got into trouble for seducing the daughter of a respectable tradesman. 他因为引诱一个有名望的商人的女儿而惹上了麻烦。
  • Chao Hsin-mei, you scoundrel, you shameless wretch, seducing a married woman. 赵辛楣,你这混帐东西!无耻家伙!引诱有夫之妇。
4 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
5 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
6 Ford KiIxx     
n.浅滩,水浅可涉处;v.涉水,涉过
参考例句:
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
7 automobiles 760a1b7b6ea4a07c12e5f64cc766962b     
n.汽车( automobile的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • When automobiles become popular,the use of the horse and buggy passed away. 汽车普及后,就不再使用马和马车了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Automobiles speed in an endless stream along the boulevard. 宽阔的林荫道上,汽车川流不息。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
8 impoverished 1qnzcL     
adj.穷困的,无力的,用尽了的v.使(某人)贫穷( impoverish的过去式和过去分词 );使(某物)贫瘠或恶化
参考例句:
  • the impoverished areas of the city 这个城市的贫民区
  • They were impoverished by a prolonged spell of unemployment. 他们因长期失业而一贫如洗。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 migration mDpxj     
n.迁移,移居,(鸟类等的)迁徙
参考例句:
  • Swallows begin their migration south in autumn.燕子在秋季开始向南方迁移。
  • He described the vernal migration of birds in detail.他详细地描述了鸟的春季移居。
10 hoards 0d9c33ecc74ae823deffd01d7aecff3a     
n.(钱财、食物或其他珍贵物品的)储藏,积存( hoard的名词复数 )v.积蓄并储藏(某物)( hoard的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • She hoards her money - she never spends it. 她积蓄钱,但从来不花钱。 来自辞典例句
  • A squirrel hoards nuts for the winter. 松鼠为过冬贮藏坚果。 来自辞典例句
11 huddle s5UyT     
vi.挤作一团;蜷缩;vt.聚集;n.挤在一起的人
参考例句:
  • They like living in a huddle.他们喜欢杂居在一起。
  • The cold wind made the boy huddle inside his coat.寒风使这个男孩卷缩在他的外衣里。
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TAG标签:   疯狂英语  century  memory
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