英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语


时间:2006-11-02 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:toad   字体: [ ]

Unit 8
The Media

In-Class Reading
It's Radio!

The medium that can turn anywhere into somewhere

1 The truth is that radio has not been eclipsed by television and cable and the Internet. In fact, radio is as popular as it has ever been. According to the Consumer Electronics Manufacturers Association, 675 million radio receivers are currently in use in the United States; on average, Americans over the age of eleven spend three hours and eighteen minutes of every weekday listening to at least one of them.
2 I don't mention this to make the case that radio is "better" than other electronic media (I use and enjoy all of them), but I will say that it is different, very different. Radio is special to people. And in an era when we have so many other media available to us, radio still inspires a kind of loyalty1 that premium2 channels and Web sites cannot claim.
3 This loyalty is largely due to radio's very limitations. Radio can't dazzle us with visual spectacles; it has to capture and hold our attention aurally3. That is, it has to speak to us, through either words or music. Combine this with the fact that radio is a curiously4 intimate medium: people tend to feel that they are connecting with their radios one-on-one. This is generally not the case with television, where the individual viewer invariably senses that he or she is nothing more than an anonymous5, statistically6 insignificant7 part of a huge and diverse audience. But because radio is a "smaller" medium, the individual listener can somehow believe that the signal is traveling directly and uninterruptedly from the studio microphone to his set alone, that the announcer is speaking and playing records just for him. Few people exploited this quality as well as did Franklin Delano Roosevelt. His radio "Fireside Chats" endeared him to countless8 listeners, who reported feeling during his broadcasts as if the President were sitting in their living room and talking with them like a next-door neighbor. Roosevelt was given credit for his ability to use the new medium so effectively, but a case can be made that it was actually the nature of the new medium, its peculiar9 power and personality that made Roosevelt so effective on it.
4 Intimacy10 is itself both cause and effect of another singular truth about radio: most people, most of the time, listen to their radios in solitude11. Radio, then, is usually more than just a medium; it is company. Whether it is the company of first choice or of last resort makes no difference. It is a reliable and tireless buffer12 between solitude and loneliness, and for this it is often regarded, consciously or otherwise, as an old and valued friend.
5 I had no real use for radio until after I graduated from college. I was born in New York City in the late 1960s, and grew up in its dense13 suburbs toward the end of the transition from black-and-white to color television. In junior high school twenty-channel cable TV came along; in high school we got "microcomputers15", which boasted two whole kilobytes of random-access memory for information storage. In retrospect16, of course, these innovations look hopelessly crude, but at the time they were more than enough to render radio seemingly irrelevant17 to my life.
6 Then I found myself working as a reporter at a daily newspaper in the Mississippi Delta18. The Delta is a place that can blind you, if not drive you mad, with its sameness and isolation19. It is endlessly flat and completely rural. My job often required me to drive great distances, usually on long, straight two-lane roads with vast plantation20 fields on both sides. It was not at all unusual for me to travel many miles without seeing another car, a house, or even a road sign. In such an atmosphere it is not difficult to imagine that one is the last person on the planet. Not difficult, and not pleasant, either.
7 On one such journey I turned off the tape deck in my car and started listening to the radio. I can't say exactly what day that happened, or why, but I can say, with confidence, that the first day I listened to the radio while driving through the Delta was also the last day I used the tape deck. The radio was the perfect cure for the paralyzing remoteness of the Delta. It didn't matter anymore that I couldn't detect any evidence of humankind on a lonely stretch of Highway 49; I could always turn on the radio and hear a human voice. I began to realize that radio could do more even than preserve my sanity21 and defeat my homesickness; it could provide me with a wealth of information on, and a hearty22 appreciation23 for, a place as different from my home town as any in the country.
8 It was also in Mississippi that I discovered what might be my favorite thing about radio--its durability24. Sometimes on clear nights I would get in my car and drive out of town, out along the narrow highways of the Delta, where we--my car and I--would be surrounded by a darkness so intense that it seemed tangible25. Often I drove without any particular destination in mind. My real objective on these trips was simply to drive my car along the small roads while sliding back and forth26 along the AM dial to see what distant, exotic stations I could pull in. I don't believe in magic, but I do know that sitting in my car in the middle of Mississippi and listening to a signal that traveled more than a thousand miles, over nearly a dozen states, and came down into my car through an antenna27 and two speakers, was as near to a magical experience as ever I'm likely to have.
9 A year later, when I was a graduate student in Alabama, I decided28 to seek employment at the school's FM radio station to make some extra money. I ended up hosting my own show, playing jazz from ten at night until two in the morning several nights a week. We had a toll-free number, so people weren't shy about calling, and many did, from dozens of small towns I'd never heard of and couldn't even find on the station's gigantic wall map. They called for any number of reasons to request a song or an artist and to tease me for mispronouncing the name of their county. Most times, I think, they called for no reason at all except to make contact with someone who had made contact with them to express, without saying it openly, their appreciation. I worked at the station alone, and I was as thankful for the contact as they. It is a powerful feeling to send your voice out into the night over thousands of square miles, and it is powerfully satisfying to know that your voice is being heard, by real people sitting in real living rooms in real houses.
10 Like the telephone, radio enables human voices to be heard on a one-to-one basis over vast distances, and in the final analysis, it is the intimacy and the friendliness29 of radio that I appreciate the most. (1187 words)

Time taken: _______ minutes

Proper Names

Highway 49


Mississippi Delta

the Consumer Electronics Manufacturers Association

New Words

AM = amplitude30 modulation31: a type of radio and television sound signal 调幅广播系统

n. someone who introduces programs on radio or television or who reads the text of a radio or television advertisement 电(视)台的节目报告员(或时事评论员,球类比赛的讲解员)
e.g. I) The radio announcer said it was nine o'clock.
II) He is the television announcer for football games.

n. a device that sends and receives television or radio signals (无线电或电视的)天线
e.g. The antenna for my car radio is a fine wire in the windshield (挡风玻璃).

adv. by the sense of hearing, through the ears 听觉地,听觉上地
e.g. I need to work on my listening skills because I learn more easily visually than I do aurally.

n. a person or thing that serves as a protective barrier 起保护作用的人或物

1) cable television 有线电视
e.g. I) The other five games were carried on Telemundo, a Spanish language cable station.
II) He is taking action against 4 cable television companies for being too slow in building their networks.
2) a very strong, thick rope made of wires, twisted together 缆绳,钢索
e.g. The cable snapped (断开) and the boat flowed away from the bank.

v. make someone feel strong admiration32 使赞叹不已,使倾倒
e.g. George dazzled her with his knowledge of the world.

1) a component33 or unit in sound-reproduction equipment for discs or tapes 音响设备中放光盘或磁带的装置
e.g. I) I put a tape in the deck.
II) The new music system-CD player, cassette deck and loudspeakers on either side of the unit-can be hung on a wall.
2) the top part of a ship that forms a platform in the open air 甲板
e.g. She stood on the deck and waved to them as the steamer moved off.

n. a flat low area shaped like a triangle made by a river entering the sea 三角洲
e.g. The Mississippi Delta and the delta of the Nile are huge areas.

durability *
n. quality of lasting34 a long time without breaking or becoming weaker 经久性,耐用性
e.g. Airlines recommend hard-sided suitcases for durability.

1) v. cause to seem less important, clever, famous, etc. , by comparison 使黯然失色,使相形见绌
e.g. He is eclipsed by his wife, who is cleverer and more amusing than he is.
2) n. the total or partial obscuring of one celestial35 body by another 日食,月食
e.g. We saw a partial eclipse of the sun by the moon.

endear *
v. make someone loved or liked by someone else 使受喜爱
e.g. Her kindness to my children greatly endeared her to me.

adj. unusual and often exciting, especially from a distant country 奇异的,外(国)来的
e.g. Thanks to greenhouses and international flights, even the most exotic flowers can be acquired all the year round.

n. the part of a room which surrounds a coal or wood fire 壁炉边
e.g. They spent their winter evenings by the fireside.

FM = frequency modulation: a system of radio broadcasting by means of frequency modulation 调频
e.g. My FM radio plays wonderful music.

adj. extremely large in size, amount, or degree 巨大的,庞大的
e.g. I) The cost of the whole operation has been gigantic.
II) The entire area looked like a gigantic rubbish heap.

adj. sincere, friendly, warm-hearted 真诚的,亲切的,热诚的
e.g. Our friends gave us a hearty welcome when we arrived.

n. yearning36 for home, family, etc.想家,思乡病
e.g. In her first month at college, she suffered from homesickness.

adv. having no hope 令人绝望地,没有希望地
e.g. He was hopelessly in love.

n. one thousand bytes of data 千字节

n. a small computer containing a microprocessor37 and designed to be used by one person at a time 微(型计算)机
e.g. Most microcomputers are also personal computers.

n. a large farm, usually in a warm climate, on which is grown a single major crop 大种植园,大农场
e.g. There were many cotton plantations38 in the southern USA.

adj. 1) able to control or influence people and events 强大的,有力的,有权的
e.g. I) She's the most powerful person in the organization.
II) He remains39 a powerful figure because of his link with President Mitterrand.
2) able to produce great physical force 强壮的,强健的
e.g. She's an extremely powerful runner.

powerfully *
adv. extremely, strongly 非常地,强有力地
e.g. She is powerfully intelligent.

adj. of good quality, superior 特佳的,优质的
e.g. I always buy premium gas for my car.

1) the part of a radio or television that picks up incoming signals 电视或收音机的接收器
e.g. Auto-tuning VHF receivers (自动选台高频接收机) are now common in cars.
2) the part of a telephone that is held to one's ear 电话听筒
e.g. My telephone receiver is not working, so I can't hear what you say when you call me.

n. being distant, far from the city, or isolated40 偏僻
e.g. The remoteness of the house makes it less attractive for young families.

n. the lack of variety 单调,千篇一律
e.g. I) He grew bored by the sameness of the speeches.
II) I was struck by the sameness of clothing among the villagers.

n. the state of being normal and healthy in mind 心智健全
e.g. This has cost me everything I ever worked for, my health and almost my sanity.

n. a splendid public event or show, a splendid appearance 场面,奇观
e.g. I) The open-air production of the opera was advertised as being the greatest spectacle of the century.
II) In some parts of the world, football has developed into the most popular spectacle on television.

uninterruptedly *
adv. continuously, in an unbroken manner 不间断地,持续地
e.g. They spoke41 uninterruptedly for three hours.

Phrases and Expressions

a wealth of
a very large number or amount of 大量的,丰富的
e.g. I) Jim has a wealth of teaching experience.
II) The book covers a wealth of fascinating facts for all ages.

be shy about/of doing something
be unwilling42 or hesitant to do something because something might happen不愿做......,对......感到迟疑
e.g. I) You shouldn't be shy about having your say in the running of the school.
II) Don't be shy of telling them what you think.

come along
start to exist or be available 出现,来到,可得到
e.g. I) Can you imagine what life was like before electricity came along?
II) Since Tom left school, he has been doing any odd jobs that come along.

give someone credit for
give someone praise or approval for something they have or have done 相信某人具有(某种性质、优点等),为......而称赞某人
e.g. I) Bruno had more ability than the media gave him credit for.
II) You could at least give him some credit for all the effort he's put into the project.

in retrospect
looking back on a past event or situation 回顾往事
e.g. I) It was, in retrospect, one of the worst mistakes I ever made.
II) Last year, Brian was involved in an incident, which is amusing in retrospect, but was anything but it at the time.

in the final/last analysis
when everything has been considered 说到底,归根结底
e.g. I) I'm on the right track and I think in the final analysis people will understand that.
II) They realized that in the last analysis their job was to tell the public the facts.

make a/the case that
prove something by means of arguments, reasons, and facts提出理由、事实证明
e.g. I) The teacher made the case that regular attendance is essential in a conversation class.
II) She made the case that the commercial success of the company was not possible without layoffs43 (临时解雇、下岗)

make contact with
find out where someone is and talk or write to them 与......接触,与......联系
e.g. I) How did you make contact with the hero?
II) I don't want anyone to make any contact with the guy until I get there.

on a one-to-one basis
in a way that something is done between only two people 一对一地
e.g. I) These children require education on a one-to-one basis.
II) The value of a job interview is the opportunity for the applicant44 and the prospective45 employer to interact on a one-to-one basis.

on average
based on the average of several numbers 平均地
e.g. I) We can discover how many words, on average, a person reads in a minute.
II) Women go to their doctors, on average, six times a year, while those with children go even more frequently.


1 loyalty gA9xu     
  • She told him the truth from a sense of loyalty.她告诉他真相是出于忠诚。
  • His loyalty to his friends was never in doubt.他对朋友的一片忠心从来没受到怀疑。
2 premium EPSxX     
  • You have to pay a premium for express delivery.寄快递你得付额外费用。
  • Fresh water was at a premium after the reservoir was contaminated.在水库被污染之后,清水便因稀而贵了。
3 aurally pO2yO     
  • The new musical was visually and aurally appealing. 这部新的音乐剧在视觉和听觉上都很吸引人。 来自互联网
  • The performance is aurally and visually exciting. 这场表演是一场视、听的飨宴。 来自互联网
4 curiously 3v0zIc     
  • He looked curiously at the people.他好奇地看着那些人。
  • He took long stealthy strides. His hands were curiously cold.他迈着悄没声息的大步。他的双手出奇地冷。
5 anonymous lM2yp     
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
6 statistically Yuxwa     
  • The sample of building permits is larger and therefore, statistically satisfying. 建筑许可数的样本比较大,所以统计数据更令人满意。
  • The results of each test would have to be statistically independent. 每次试验的结果在统计上必须是独立的。
7 insignificant k6Mx1     
  • In winter the effect was found to be insignificant.在冬季,这种作用是不明显的。
  • This problem was insignificant compared to others she faced.这一问题与她面临的其他问题比较起来算不得什么。
8 countless 7vqz9L     
  • In the war countless innocent people lost their lives.在这场战争中无数无辜的人丧失了性命。
  • I've told you countless times.我已经告诉你无数遍了。
9 peculiar cinyo     
  • He walks in a peculiar fashion.他走路的样子很奇特。
  • He looked at me with a very peculiar expression.他用一种很奇怪的表情看着我。
10 intimacy z4Vxx     
  • His claims to an intimacy with the President are somewhat exaggerated.他声称自己与总统关系密切,这有点言过其实。
  • I wish there were a rule book for intimacy.我希望能有个关于亲密的规则。
11 solitude xF9yw     
n. 孤独; 独居,荒僻之地,幽静的地方
  • People need a chance to reflect on spiritual matters in solitude. 人们需要独处的机会来反思精神上的事情。
  • They searched for a place where they could live in solitude. 他们寻找一个可以过隐居生活的地方。
12 buffer IxYz0B     
  • A little money can be a useful buffer in time of need.在急需时,很少一点钱就能解燃眉之急。
  • Romantic love will buffer you against life's hardships.浪漫的爱会减轻生活的艰辛。
13 dense aONzX     
  • The general ambushed his troops in the dense woods. 将军把部队埋伏在浓密的树林里。
  • The path was completely covered by the dense foliage. 小路被树叶厚厚地盖了一层。
14 microcomputer EDkxx     
  • The main frame is the heart of a microcomputer system.主框架的核心是一个微机系统。
  • A microcomputer is a fast and accurate symbol processing system.微型计算机是一种快速、精确的符号处理系统。
15 microcomputers 9d586e7e93514db2c23c6973518deef0     
微型计算机( microcomputer的名词复数 )
  • Microcomputers are playing an important role in our lives. 微型计算机在我们生活中扮演着重要的角色。
  • Many microcomputers do allow you to directly address a memory address. 目前有许多微计算机允许你直接访问某个存储单元。
16 retrospect xDeys     
  • One's school life seems happier in retrospect than in reality.学校生活回忆起来显得比实际上要快乐。
  • In retrospect,it's easy to see why we were wrong.回顾过去就很容易明白我们的错处了。
17 irrelevant ZkGy6     
  • That is completely irrelevant to the subject under discussion.这跟讨论的主题完全不相关。
  • A question about arithmetic is irrelevant in a music lesson.在音乐课上,一个数学的问题是风马牛不相及的。
18 delta gxvxZ     
  • He has been to the delta of the Nile.他曾去过尼罗河三角洲。
  • The Nile divides at its mouth and forms a delta.尼罗河在河口分岔,形成了一个三角洲。
19 isolation 7qMzTS     
  • The millionaire lived in complete isolation from the outside world.这位富翁过着与世隔绝的生活。
  • He retired and lived in relative isolation.他退休后,生活比较孤寂。
20 plantation oOWxz     
  • His father-in-law is a plantation manager.他岳父是个种植园经营者。
  • The plantation owner has possessed himself of a vast piece of land.这个种植园主把大片土地占为己有。
21 sanity sCwzH     
  • I doubt the sanity of such a plan.我怀疑这个计划是否明智。
  • She managed to keep her sanity throughout the ordeal.在那场磨难中她始终保持神志正常。
22 hearty Od1zn     
  • After work they made a hearty meal in the worker's canteen.工作完了,他们在工人食堂饱餐了一顿。
  • We accorded him a hearty welcome.我们给他热忱的欢迎。
23 appreciation Pv9zs     
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。
24 durability Orxx5     
  • Nylons have the virtue of durability.尼龙丝袜有耐穿的优点。
25 tangible 4IHzo     
  • The policy has not yet brought any tangible benefits.这项政策还没有带来任何实质性的好处。
  • There is no tangible proof.没有确凿的证据。
26 forth Hzdz2     
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
27 antenna QwTzN     
  • The workman fixed the antenna to the roof of the house.工人把天线固定在房顶上。
  • In our village, there is an antenna on every roof for receiving TV signals.在我们村里,每家房顶上都有天线接收电视信号。
28 decided lvqzZd     
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
29 friendliness nsHz8c     
  • Behind the mask of friendliness,I know he really dislikes me.在友善的面具后面,我知道他其实并不喜欢我。
  • His manner was a blend of friendliness and respect.他的态度友善且毕恭毕敬。
30 amplitude nLdyJ     
  • The amplitude of the vibration determines the loudness of the sound.振动幅度的大小决定声音的大小。
  • The amplitude at the driven end is fixed by the driving mechanism.由于驱动机构的作用,使驱动端的振幅保持不变。
31 modulation mEixk     
  • The soft modulation of her voice soothed the infant. 她柔和的声调使婴儿安静了。
  • Frequency modulation does not allow static to creep in. 频率调制不允许静电干扰混入。
32 admiration afpyA     
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他对风景之美赞不绝口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
33 component epSzv     
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔细检查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的组成部分。
34 lasting IpCz02     
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
35 celestial 4rUz8     
  • The rosy light yet beamed like a celestial dawn.玫瑰色的红光依然象天上的朝霞一样绚丽。
  • Gravity governs the motions of celestial bodies.万有引力控制着天体的运动。
36 yearning hezzPJ     
  • a yearning for a quiet life 对宁静生活的向往
  • He felt a great yearning after his old job. 他对过去的工作有一种强烈的渴想。
37 microprocessor ZDJxs     
  • I've got a typerwriter with a microprocessor.我有一台装有微处理机的打字机。
  • I decided to write a program for a microprocessor.我决定为微处理机编制一套程序。
38 plantations ee6ea2c72cc24bed200cd75cf6fbf861     
n.种植园,大农场( plantation的名词复数 )
  • Soon great plantations, supported by slave labor, made some families very wealthy. 不久之后出现了依靠奴隶劳动的大庄园,使一些家庭成了富豪。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • Winterborne's contract was completed, and the plantations were deserted. 维恩特波恩的合同完成后,那片林地变得荒废了。 来自辞典例句
39 remains 1kMzTy     
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
40 isolated bqmzTd     
  • His bad behaviour was just an isolated incident. 他的不良行为只是个别事件。
  • Patients with the disease should be isolated. 这种病的患者应予以隔离。
41 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
42 unwilling CjpwB     
  • The natives were unwilling to be bent by colonial power.土著居民不愿受殖民势力的摆布。
  • His tightfisted employer was unwilling to give him a raise.他那吝啬的雇主不肯给他加薪。
43 layoffs ce61a640e39c61e757a47e52d4154974     
临时解雇( layoff的名词复数 ); 停工,停止活动
  • Textile companies announced 2000 fresh layoffs last week. 各纺织公司上周宣布再次裁员两千人。
  • Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs. 当公司突然宣布裁员时,股票价格便大跌
44 applicant 1MlyX     
  • He was the hundredth applicant for the job. 他是第100个申请这项工作的人。
  • In my estimation, the applicant is well qualified for this job. 据我看, 这位应征者完全具备这项工作的条件。
45 prospective oR7xB     
  • The story should act as a warning to other prospective buyers.这篇报道应该对其他潜在的购买者起到警示作用。
  • They have all these great activities for prospective freshmen.这会举办各种各样的活动来招待未来的新人。
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论