英语 英语 日语 日语 韩语 韩语 法语 法语 德语 德语 西班牙语 西班牙语 意大利语 意大利语 阿拉伯语 阿拉伯语 葡萄牙语 葡萄牙语 越南语 越南语 俄语 俄语 芬兰语 芬兰语 泰语 泰语 泰语 丹麦语 泰语 对外汉语

12-8 体育与技术

时间:2006-10-19 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:toad   字体: [ ]
特别声明:本栏目内容均从网络收集或者网友提供,供仅参考试用,我们无法保证内容完整和正确。如果资料损害了您的权益,请与站长联系,我们将及时删除并致以歉意。
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Sports and Technology

 

The Athens Olympic Games have showcased technology that makes athletes go faster. Olympic contenders1 have been testing experimental versions of high-tech1 suits and shoes, especially in high speed events like sprinting32 and freestyle swimming.

 

The “long-john” swimsuits have become popular since Australian medalist Ian Thorpe made a big splash with his full-body Adidas JetConcept suit during the Sydney Olympics in 2000. These suits aren't magic bullets, but they can increase performance through lower drag coefficients3.”

 

Speedo's suit was designed by aerospace4 engineer Barry Bixler using computational4  fluid dynamics5 (CFD) software to simulate5 and test the suit's reduction of drag. CFD also has been used in other sports like the javelin66.

 

In devising the new suits, companies must be careful to adhere to the rules of the Fédération7 Internationale de Natation, the world governing body for water sports, which state that no swimmer shall be permitted to use or wear any device -- such as webbed gloves or flippers -- that may aid in speed, buoyancy7, or endurance during a competition.

 

Another innovation for this Olympics: sprint2 suits for runners. In July, Adidas introduced its “Formotion.” The company had studied top sprinters to see how they move, and then it designed the suit to complement8 those movements.

 

Adidas's designers mapped the human body by computer to pinpoint9 where specific technologies were needed for support, ventilation8, freedom of movement, and muscle control. They placed large Lycra bands across the lower back to stabilize10 the orientation11 of the hips12 to keep them square to the sprinting lane. They added power bands along the arms and shoulders to enhance forward arm swing and minimize nonlinear9 motion. And they put them across the back end of the athlete down to the hamstrings10 to help store and release energy. The Formotion also includes mesh1311 inserts in the underarm to reduce the weight of the suit and ventilate that critical heat zone.

 

Before long, consumers will see derivatives14 of high? tech athletic15 wear in sporting goods stores. Most items produced for the Olympics basically are a giveaway12. The recognition of the item helps in sales of consumer versions later.

 

注释:

1. contender [kEn5tendE(r)] n.(尤指冠军等的)争夺者,竞争

2. sprint [sprint] vi.(尤指短距离)冲刺,用全速奔跑

3. drag coefficient [] 阻力系数

4. computational [7kCmpju:5teiFEnEl] a. 计算的,计算机的

5. simulate [5simjuleit] vt. 模拟

6. javelin [5dVAvlin] n. (田径运动中用的)标枪,掷标枪项目

7. buoyancy [5bRiEnsi] n. 浮力

8. ventilation [7venti5leiFEn] n. 通风,空气流通

9. nonlinear [5nCn5liniE(r)] a. 非线性的

10. hamstring [5hAmstriN] n. [] 绳肌

11. mesh [meF] n. 网孔,网眼织物

12. giveaway [5^ivE7wei] n. (用以招揽顾客的)赠品(或廉价品)

 

体育与技术

 

雅典奥运会成为了技术产品的展示台。这些技术使运动员的速度更快。奥林匹克运动员一直在试验高技术的运动服和运动鞋,尤其是在诸如短跑和自由泳等要求高速度的比赛中。

  自从澳大利亚奖牌得主伊恩索普在2000年悉尼奥运会上穿着一身从颈到踝的阿迪达斯“喷气概念” 泳装引起轰动以后,“长约翰”泳装便开始风靡起来。这些泳装并不是什么万应灵药,但是它们却可以通过降低阻力提高成绩。

  “斯比度”泳装是由航空与航天工程师巴里比克斯勒设计的。他采用计算机流体动力学软件模拟并测试泳装减少阻力的功能。计算机流体动力学同时也应用于其他体育项目,如标枪。

  在设计新泳装时,研发公司必须避免违背水上运动的管理机构国际泳联的规则。根据国际泳联的规定,任何游泳选手不得在比赛中使用或穿着任何有助于提高速度、浮力或者耐力的装置,如带蹼的手套或者脚蹼。

  本届奥运会上的另一项革新是为短跑运动员设计的运动服。7月,阿迪达斯推出了一款叫做“福摩星”的短跑服。公司对世界顶尖短跑运动员进行了研究,观察他们身体各部分肌肉在跑步中是如何动作的,然后设计出短跑服以辅助这些动作。

  阿迪达斯的设计人员利用计算机绘制人体的每一部分,确定哪里需要采取特别技术用于增强支撑、透气、运动自如性以及肌肉控制。他们在运动服的下背部加上宽大的莱卡衬垫,以固定臀部的方向,并使其垂直于起跑线。他们在运动员胳膊和肩膀处增加强力带,加强了前臂的摆动,最大限度地减少胳膊的非线性运动。他们还在运动员腰部直到腿窝处加上强力带,以帮助运动员存储和释放能量。“福摩星”短跑服还在运动员腋下设计了网孔衬垫,以减轻运动服的重量,并有利于身体这一高温区的散热。

在不久的将来,消费者将在体育用品商店见到这些高技术体育服装的商业化版本。为奥运会生产的大多数产品都是免费赠品。对这些产品的认可有助于今后商业产品的销售。

 

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 high-tech high-tech     
adj.高科技的
参考例句:
  • The economy is in the upswing which makes high-tech services in more demand too.经济在蓬勃发展,这就使对高科技服务的需求量也在加大。
  • The quest of a cure for disease with high-tech has never ceased. 人们希望运用高科技治疗疾病的追求从未停止过。
2 sprint QvWwR     
n.短距离赛跑;vi. 奋力而跑,冲刺;vt.全速跑过
参考例句:
  • He put on a sprint to catch the bus.他全速奔跑以赶上公共汽车。
  • The runner seemed to be rallied for a final sprint.这名赛跑者似乎在振作精神作最后的冲刺。
3 sprinting 092e50364cf04239a3e5e17f4ae23116     
v.短距离疾跑( sprint的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Stride length and frequency are the most important elements of sprinting. 步长和步频是短跑最重要的因素。 来自互联网
  • Xiaoming won the gold medal for sprinting in the school sports meeting. 小明在学校运动会上夺得了短跑金牌。 来自互联网
4 aerospace CK2yf     
adj.航空的,宇宙航行的
参考例句:
  • The world's entire aerospace industry is feeling the chill winds of recession.全世界的航空航天工业都感受到了经济衰退的寒意。
  • Edward Murphy was an aerospace engineer for the US Army.爱德华·墨菲是一名美军的航宇工程师。
5 dynamics NuSzQq     
n.力学,动力学,动力,原动力;动态
参考例句:
  • In order to succeed,you must master complicated knowledge of dynamics.要取得胜利,你必须掌握很复杂的动力学知识。
  • Dynamics is a discipline that cannot be mastered without extensive practice.动力学是一门不做大量习题就不能掌握的学科。
6 javelin hqVzZG     
n.标枪,投枪
参考例句:
  • She achieved a throw of sixty metres in the javelin event.在掷标枪项目中,她掷了60米远。
  • The coach taught us how to launch a javelin.教练教我们投标枪。
7 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
8 complement ZbTyZ     
n.补足物,船上的定员;补语;vt.补充,补足
参考例句:
  • The two suggestions complement each other.这两条建议相互补充。
  • They oppose each other also complement each other.它们相辅相成。
9 pinpoint xNExL     
vt.准确地确定;用针标出…的精确位置
参考例句:
  • It is difficult to pinpoint when water problems of the modern age began.很难准确地指出,现代用水的问题是什么时候出现的。
  • I could pinpoint his precise location on a map.我能在地图上指明他的准确位置。
10 stabilize PvuwZ     
vt.(使)稳定,使稳固,使稳定平衡;vi.稳定
参考例句:
  • They are eager to stabilize currencies.他们急于稳定货币。
  • His blood pressure tended to stabilize.他的血压趋向稳定。
11 orientation IJ4xo     
n.方向,目标;熟悉,适应,情况介绍
参考例句:
  • Children need some orientation when they go to school.小孩子上学时需要适应。
  • The traveller found his orientation with the aid of a good map.旅行者借助一幅好地图得知自己的方向。
12 hips f8c80f9a170ee6ab52ed1e87054f32d4     
abbr.high impact polystyrene 高冲击强度聚苯乙烯,耐冲性聚苯乙烯n.臀部( hip的名词复数 );[建筑学]屋脊;臀围(尺寸);臀部…的
参考例句:
  • She stood with her hands on her hips. 她双手叉腰站着。
  • They wiggled their hips to the sound of pop music. 他们随着流行音乐的声音摇晃着臀部。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 mesh cC1xJ     
n.网孔,网丝,陷阱;vt.以网捕捉,啮合,匹配;vi.适合; [计算机]网络
参考例句:
  • Their characters just don't mesh.他们的性格就是合不来。
  • This is the net having half inch mesh.这是有半英寸网眼的网。
14 derivatives f75369b9e0ef2282b4d10e367e4ee2a9     
n.衍生性金融商品;派生物,引出物( derivative的名词复数 );导数
参考例句:
  • Many English words are derivatives of Latin words. 许多英语词来自拉丁语。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • These compounds are nitrosohydroxylamine derivatives. 这类合成物是亚硝基羟胺衍生物。 来自辞典例句
15 athletic sOPy8     
adj.擅长运动的,强健的;活跃的,体格健壮的
参考例句:
  • This area has been marked off for athletic practice.这块地方被划出来供体育训练之用。
  • He is an athletic star.他是一个运动明星。
本文本内容来源于互联网抓取和网友提交,仅供参考,部分栏目没有内容,如果您有更合适的内容,欢迎点击提交分享给大家。
------分隔线----------------------------
TAG标签:   英语沙龙  体育  技术
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
最新评论 查看所有评论
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
验证码:
听力搜索
推荐频道
论坛新贴