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Shakespeare's Globe

时间:2009-02-07 06:25来源:互联网 提供网友:zxy2008fff   字体: [ ]
Callum:  Hello, I'm Callum Robertson and this is Entertainment. I'm not in the studiotoday I'm on location on the south bank of the River Thames in the centre ofthLondon. 393 years ago today on June 29  1613 one of the most famoustheatres in the world was destroyed by fire.
  The Globe theatre on London's South Bank was the theatrical1 home of WilliamShakespeare and in this programme I'm going to be taking a little look at thehistory of the theatre which Shakespeare called in his play Henry V, thisWooden O.
  Although the original Globe theatre has long since disappeared there is amarvellous reconstruction2 here now on the South Bank.
  I've now come inside the marvellous modern 'wooden O' I'm speaking toPatrick Spottiswoode who's the Director of Globe Education to find out a littlebit more. Patrick, why did Shakespeare refer to the Globe as 'this wooden O'?
  Patrick:  It is a round building. It is in fact a twenty-sided wooden O, a polygonal3 O.
  And it is made of oak4 in the main, and it's an open air O so people gather roundin the theatre to hear a play.
  Callum:  And is that design typical of theatres of the time?
  Patrick:  The outdoor theatres yes, I mean in English we say 'gather round' we don't say'gather square'. And you gather round to get close to hear a story. And thesewere great story-telling venues6 and thousands of people would want to getclose to the actors. So the circle enables you to get close to the actor.
  Callum:  This reconstruction which we're in now, how close is it in where it is and howit looks to the original?
  Patrick:  We're about 150 metres from where it originally stood. In terms of whether thisGlobe is like the first Globe of 1599 well we, we think it is because we have nophotographs of course, no video, so we're reliant7 on a mixture of evidence as towhat the original Globe was like. We hope we've built the Globe like theoriginal but we cannot put our hands on our hearts and say it's exactly like. It'sas near as we can get.
  Callum:  The original as I mentioned at the beginning of this programme was destroyedby fire in 1613. Can you tell us a little bit about its history before that? Whenwas it built and what was it used for?
  Patrick:  Well it was built in 1599 and Shakespeare and a group of actors put moneytogether to build the theatre. It was the first time ever in England actors hadpaid to build a theatre. So that was very special. And it became the number onetheatre in London as Shakespeare's company became the number one actingcompany of London. So it became from 1599 as the number one venue5 fortheatre and certainly the number one venue for Shakespeare's plays until 1613.
  And in 1613 they put on a play about Henry VIII and they had a cannon8 effectto announce the arrival of the king on stage. But it was a special effect thatwent badly wrong because a spark from the cannon flew up and hit the roofwhich is made of thatch9. It caught fire and the theatre burnt to the groundduring a performance.
  Callum:  Which of Shakespeare's plays were first performed here, which of the big oneswhich people might know around the world were performed here?
  Patrick:  Well I suppose one of the most famous, Romeo and Juliet was not firstperformed at the Globe. It was written two or three years before the Globe wasbuilt. The first play that we know to have been put on at the Globe, the firstrecorded performance, it was Julius Ceasar. We know that As You Like It wasput on at the Globe, we know Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, these are plays thatwere Globe plays. But plays like Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare had a careerbefore the Globe was built.
  Callum:  This is Entertainment. Today I'm talking to Patrick Spottiswoode the directorof Globe Education about the Globe Theatre on London's South Bank. Patrick Iwonder could you tell us now about how the new Globe Theatre came to bebuilt?
  Patrick:  Sam Wanamaker founded a charity to build the Globe in 1970. He dies in 1993.
  Four years later the Globe finally opened for performances in 1997. So we're avery young theatre and it's thanks to people from outside of England, anAmerican and a South African who came to England and decided10 that it wouldbe a good thing to rebuild Shakespeare's Globe. So thanks to them we have aGlobe Theatre again.
  Callum:  Patrick Spottiswoode, thank you very much. That's all from this edition ofentertainment. Do join us again next time.


1 theatrical pIRzF     
  • The final scene was dismayingly lacking in theatrical effect.最后一场缺乏戏剧效果,叫人失望。
  • She always makes some theatrical gesture.她老在做些夸张的手势。
2 reconstruction 3U6xb     
  • The country faces a huge task of national reconstruction following the war.战后,该国面临着重建家园的艰巨任务。
  • In the period of reconstruction,technique decides everything.在重建时期,技术决定一切。
3 polygonal kOdxL     
  • The grains take on simple polygonal. 颗粒呈简单的多角形。 来自辞典例句
  • Use the necessary instrument Polygonal Lasso Tool to outline the mask contour. 使用多边形套索工具将面膜部分选中。 来自互联网
4 oak YHoxP     
  • The chair is of solid oak.这把椅子是纯橡木的。
  • The carpenter will floor this room with oak.木匠将用橡木铺设这个房间的地板。
5 venue ALkzr     
  • The hall provided a venue for weddings and other functions.大厅给婚礼和其他社会活动提供了场所。
  • The chosen venue caused great controversy among the people.人们就审判地点的问题产生了极大的争议。
6 venues c277c9611f0a0f19beb3658245ac305f     
n.聚集地点( venue的名词复数 );会场;(尤指)体育比赛场所;犯罪地点
  • The band will be playing at 20 different venues on their UK tour. 这个乐队在英国巡回演出期间将在20个不同的地点演出。
  • Farmers market corner, 800 meters long, 60 meters wide livestock trading venues. 农牧市场东北角,有长800米,宽60米的牲畜交易场地。 来自互联网
7 reliant rt9yU     
  • The hostel is heavily reliant upon charity.这家收容所在很大程度上依赖赞助。
  • The service has become heavily reliant on government support.这项服务变得高度依赖政府扶持。
8 cannon 3T8yc     
  • The soldiers fired the cannon.士兵们开炮。
  • The cannon thundered in the hills.大炮在山间轰鸣。
9 thatch FGJyg     
  • They lit a torch and set fire to the chapel's thatch.他们点着一支火把,放火烧了小教堂的茅草屋顶。
  • They topped off the hut with a straw thatch. 他们给小屋盖上茅草屋顶。
10 decided lvqzZd     
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
TAG标签:   BBC  Entertainment  Shakespeare    BBC  Shakespeare
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