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访谈录 2010-11-26&11-28 爱尔兰救助及欧元前景

时间:2010-12-15 03:52来源:互联网 提供网友:angel_mei520   字体: [ ]
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What's been happening in Ireland is quite interesting because five, ten years ago, Ireland was seen as the poster child economy of the European Union,  have grown very fast, has attracted a lot of eminent1 investment, (it was) called the Celtic tiger, experience are very very buoyant, (it was a)very, very optimistic country.
Over the last few years, though, everything has gone belly2 up. It had an enormous bubble in housing market and the construction sector3 funded by lending from the banks.
When the bubble burst, the construction sector found it couldn't sell houses, the banks had a lot of bad loans out there to the construction sector, so the entire banking4 system ran into very, very big problems.
Not until recently, again Ireland was seen as this model way of doing things. So they took very early action to control their budget deficit5 and they announced quite a few packages of austerity of spending cuts and tax increases.
But in recent months it has been quite clear that the banks are effectively insolvent6. They are being kept alive on a day-to-day basis with money provided by the European Central Bank. And the pressure was building and building and building and, what are known as bond yields the…the interest rates are in the support and debts are going up and up and up, and it was fast becoming another Greek-style crisis where a country's debts come back to haunt in the financial market.
Well, at the end of last week what happened was that the Irish started to have negotiations7 with the European Union and with the International Monetary8 Fund, which always comes in and helps countries out when it's going through these sorts of financial crisis; so, hit squads9 from both those organizations arrived in Dublin at the end of last week and they got down to work pretty quickly because I think they realized that Ireland in 2010 was quite similar to this, Lehman Brothers Investment Bank in 2008, that if you allowed it to go burst in a very disorderly manner, then there was a real risk of the panic spreading to other parts of the world. So I think that over the weekend talks were very intense and on Sunday night there was an announcement by the Irish government that they would be seeking bailout money from Europe and from the IMF.  George Osborne announced that Britain will provide a bilateral10 loan to Ireland, which will probably be in the order of 7 billion or 8 billion pounds, probably around 10 billion Euros. And that's for two reasons: one is that the UK is quite heavily exposed as an economy to Ireland. We export more to Ireland than we do to China and India combined from the UK, so obviously we're very big trading partners, so we got some quite strong economic interests, but also RBS and Lloyds have big exposure to the Irish market, particularly their construction sector. And therefore I think the Chancellor11 here took a very cautious approach, and said it’s, it’s sensible to actually provide this loan to prevent the Irish banks and, by knock-on effect, our own banks from getting into trouble.
Ireland, I think, is gonna have to pay a very heavy price for the loans. There will be another round of spending cuts and tax increases. The position for the Irish people and for the domestic economy is pretty bleak12 for years to come.
Portugal is the next most vulnerable country and the question is whether Portugal is gonna be next in the follow-on, I think it probably will be. But the bigger question there: does Spain become a target, because Spain is a much bigger economy than either Portugal or Ireland, and if the investment community takes on the Spanish government and starts to push up Spanish bond yield, then there really will be a bigger order of magnitude than what's happened so far.
For the first time since Euro was set up a decade ago, it's conceivable to think of some of the smaller countries flaking13 away and actually deciding the life inside the Euro zone is so painful, and for so long, they might be better off having a stable life back running their own economies. I think it really depend on how much pain is inflicted14, whether the medicine works. It hasn’t worked so far in a country like Greece so the potencies15 are not very good, and whether ultimately there's enough political buy-in from these countries to carry on for the longer term.
And, I mean, another issue is whether Europe has actually got the firepower to continue bailing16 out countries in its way, or minute set up a 750-billion Euro fund together with the IMF back in May. And already the cost of bailing out Greece and Ireland looks to have taken up something like 200 billion Euros of that, so they've already munched17 their way through almost a third of the bailout fund. And the question is if other countries find themselves in trouble, whether the Europe has already got the financial firepower to cope with what looks like a pretty structural18 crisis across the whole of the same currency.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 eminent dpRxn     
adj.显赫的,杰出的,有名的,优良的
参考例句:
  • We are expecting the arrival of an eminent scientist.我们正期待一位著名科学家的来访。
  • He is an eminent citizen of China.他是一个杰出的中国公民。
2 belly QyKzLi     
n.肚子,腹部;(像肚子一样)鼓起的部分,膛
参考例句:
  • The boss has a large belly.老板大腹便便。
  • His eyes are bigger than his belly.他眼馋肚饱。
3 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
4 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
5 deficit tmAzu     
n.亏空,亏损;赤字,逆差
参考例句:
  • The directors have reported a deficit of 2.5 million dollars.董事们报告赤字为250万美元。
  • We have a great deficit this year.我们今年有很大亏损。
6 insolvent wb7zK     
adj.破产的,无偿还能力的
参考例句:
  • They lost orders and were insolvent within weeks.他们失去了订货,几周后就无法偿还债务。
  • The bank was declared insolvent.银行被宣布破产。
7 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
8 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
9 squads 8619d441bfe4eb21115575957da0ba3e     
n.(军队中的)班( squad的名词复数 );(暗杀)小组;体育运动的运动(代表)队;(对付某类犯罪活动的)警察队伍
参考例句:
  • Anti-riot squads were called out to deal with the situation. 防暴队奉命出动以对付这一局势。 来自辞典例句
  • Three squads constitute a platoon. 三个班组成一个排。 来自辞典例句
10 bilateral dQGyW     
adj.双方的,两边的,两侧的
参考例句:
  • They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定。
  • There was a wide gap between the views of the two statesmen on the bilateral cooperation.对双方合作的问题,两位政治家各自所持的看法差距甚大。
11 chancellor aUAyA     
n.(英)大臣;法官;(德、奥)总理;大学校长
参考例句:
  • They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.他们昨天向财政大臣递交了报告。
  • He was regarded as the most successful Chancellor of modern times.他被认为是现代最成功的财政大臣。
12 bleak gtWz5     
adj.(天气)阴冷的;凄凉的;暗淡的
参考例句:
  • They showed me into a bleak waiting room.他们引我来到一间阴冷的会客室。
  • The company's prospects look pretty bleak.这家公司的前景异常暗淡。
13 flaking a682d1b1030727ea5bda416e41040cba     
刨成片,压成片; 盘网
参考例句:
  • He received ointment for his flaking skin. 医生给他开了治疗脱皮的软膏。
  • The paint was flaking off the walls. 油漆从墙上剥落下来。
14 inflicted cd6137b3bb7ad543500a72a112c6680f     
把…强加给,使承受,遭受( inflict的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • They inflicted a humiliating defeat on the home team. 他们使主队吃了一场很没面子的败仗。
  • Zoya heroically bore the torture that the Fascists inflicted upon her. 卓娅英勇地承受法西斯匪徒加在她身上的酷刑。
15 potencies 547d9741d95c9d32ba8d437a22e6faf5     
n.威力( potency的名词复数 );权力;效力;(男人的)性交能力
参考例句:
  • The soft gelatin liquid filled capsule manufacturing process is the same for all proposed potencies. 软明胶液体填注胶囊的生产工艺对所有提出的效用是一样的。 来自互联网
16 bailing dc539a5b66e96b3b3b529f4e45f0d3cc     
(凿井时用吊桶)排水
参考例句:
  • Both fountains were going furiously and both pumps bailing with might and main. 两个人的口水只管喷泉似地朝外涌,两个抽水机全力以赴往外抽水。
  • The mechanical sand-bailing technology makes sand-washing operation more efficient. 介绍了机械捞砂的结构装置及工作原理,提出了现场操作注意事项。
17 munched c9456f71965a082375ac004c60e40170     
v.用力咀嚼(某物),大嚼( munch的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • She munched on an apple. 她在大口啃苹果。
  • The rabbit munched on the fresh carrots. 兔子咯吱咯吱地嚼着新鲜胡萝卜。 来自辞典例句
18 structural itXw5     
adj.构造的,组织的,建筑(用)的
参考例句:
  • The storm caused no structural damage.风暴没有造成建筑结构方面的破坏。
  • The North American continent is made up of three great structural entities.北美大陆是由三个构造单元组成的。
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TAG标签:   访谈录  爱尔兰救助  欧元前景
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