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全国公共英语等级考试四级 d1

时间:2006-01-03 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:bebttr   字体: [ ]
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  [00:00.00]Part B   You will hear a lecture on movie making.
[00:06.84]Answer questions 6--10 while you listen.
[00:12.23]Use not more than 5 words for each answer.
[00:17.82]You will hear the recording1 twice.
[00:21.92]You now have 25 seconds to read the questions.
[00:27.30]1.What kind of camera shots were generally used before Griffith's days?
[00:29.28]2.What was first used in the film For Love of Gold?
[00:33.62]3.For what purpose was the close-up used in The Great Train Robbery?
[00:37.30]4.When was the film After Many Years produced?
[00:42.79]5.Where was Annie Lee's husband in After Many Years?
[00:48.14]Today I would like to talk about the early days of movie making
[00:56.14]in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
[01:01.83]Before the pioneering films of D.W.Griffith's,
[01:07.74]film-makers were limited by several misguided conventions of the era.
[01:14.74]According to one,the camera was always fixed2 at a viewpoint
[01:21.74]corresponding to that of the spectator in the theater,
[01:27.22]a position now known as the long shot.
[01:32.50]It was another convention
[01:36.47]that the position of the camera never changed in the middle of a scene.
[01:42.56]In last week's film,we saw how Griffith ignored both these limiting conventions
[01:50.55]and brought the camera closer to the actor.
[01:55.67]This shot,now known as the full shot,
[02:01.26]was considered revolutionary at the time.
[02:06.35]For Love of Gold
[02:11.06]was the name of the film in which we saw the first use of the full shot.
[02:17.77]After progressing from the long shot to the full shot,
[02:23.96]the next logical step for Griffith was to bring in the camera still closer,
[02:31.67]in what is now called the close-up.
[02:36.26]The close-up had been used before,
[02:41.46]though only rarely and merely as a visual stunt3,
[02:47.37]as for example in Edwin Espoter's.
[02:52.67]The Great Train Robbery,which was made in 1903.
[02:59.17]But not until 1908 in Griffith's movie called After Many Years
[03:07.56]was the dramatic potential of the close-up first exploited.
[03:13.96]In a scene from After Many years that we are about to see,
[03:20.67]pay special attention to the close-up of Annie Lee's worried face
[03:26.37]as she awaits her husband's return.
[03:30.96]In 1908 this close-up shocked everyone in the movie making world,
[03:38.46]but Griffith had no time for argument.
[03:43.37]He had another surprise even more radical4 to offer.
[03:49.17]Immediately following the close-up of Annie,
[03:54.58]he inserted a picture of the object of her thought
[04:00.67]--her husband,cast away on a desert isle5.
[04:06.28]This cutting from one scene to another without finishing either of them
[04:13.96]brought a torrent6 of criticism on the experimenter.
[04:19.34]That'll be our next week's topic.
[04:23.94]Now let's watch Griffith's After Many Years.
[04:30.34]1.What kind of camera shots were generally used before Griffith's days?
[04:35.85]2.What was first used in the film For Love of Gold?
[04:42.85]3.For what purpose was the close-up used in The Great Train Robbery?
[04:48.34]4.When was the film After Many Years produced?
[04:51.32]5.Where was Annie Lee's husband in After Many Years?
[04:57.22]Now you will hear the recording again.
[05:03.02]Today I would like to talk about the early days of movie making
[05:12.03]in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
[05:17.44]Before the pioneering films of D.W.Griffith's,
[05:23.84]film-makers were limited by several misguided conventions of the era.
[05:30.84]According to one,the camera was always fixed at a viewpoint
[05:37.63]corresponding to that of the spectator in the theater,
[05:43.04]a position now known as the long shot.
[05:48.13]It was another convention
[05:52.52]that the position of the camera never changed in the middle of a scene.
[05:58.61]In last week's film,we saw how Griffith ignored both these limiting conventions
[06:06.00]and brought the camera closer to the actor.
[06:11.20]This shot,now known as the full shot,
[06:16.92]was considered revolutionary at the time.
[06:22.01]For Love of Gold
[06:26.72]was the name of the film in which we saw the first use of the full shot.
[06:33.12]After progressing from the long shot to the full shot,
[06:39.31]the next logical step for Griffith was to bring in the camera still closer,
[06:46.80]in what is now called the close-up.
[06:51.61]The close-up had been used before,
[06:56.52]though only rarely and merely as a visual stunt,
[07:02.40]as for example in Edwin Espoter's The Great Train Robbery,
[07:09.69]which was made in 1903.
[07:14.18]But not until 1908 in Griffith's movie called After Many Years
[07:22.80]was the dramatic potential of the close-up first exploited.
[07:29.70]In a scene from After Many years that we are about to see,
[07:36.70]pay special attention to the close-up of Annie Lee's worried face
[07:43.78]as she awaits her husband's return.
[07:48.45]In 1908 this close-up shocked everyone in the movie making world,
[07:56.73]but Griffith had no time for argument.
[08:01.83]He had another surprise even more radical to offer.
[08:08.02]Immediately following the close-up of Annie,
[08:13.43]he inserted a picture of the object of her thought
[08:19.23]--her husband,cast away on a desert isle.
[08:24.92]This cutting from one scene to another
[08:29.81]without finishing either of them
[08:34.19]brought a torrent of criticism on the experimenter.
[08:39.78]That'll be our next week's topic.
[08:44.17]Now let's watch Griffith's After Many Years.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 recording UktzJj     
n.录音,记录
参考例句:
  • How long will the recording of the song take?录下这首歌得花多少时间?
  • I want to play you a recording of the rehearsal.我想给你放一下彩排的录像。
2 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
3 stunt otxwC     
n.惊人表演,绝技,特技;vt.阻碍...发育,妨碍...生长
参考例句:
  • Lack of the right food may stunt growth.缺乏适当的食物会阻碍发育。
  • Right up there is where the big stunt is taking place.那边将会有惊人的表演。
4 radical hA8zu     
n.激进份子,原子团,根号;adj.根本的,激进的,彻底的
参考例句:
  • The patient got a radical cure in the hospital.病人在医院得到了根治。
  • She is radical in her demands.她的要求十分偏激。
5 isle fatze     
n.小岛,岛
参考例句:
  • He is from the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea.他来自爱尔兰海的马恩岛。
  • The boat left for the paradise isle of Bali.小船驶向天堂一般的巴厘岛。
6 torrent 7GCyH     
n.激流,洪流;爆发,(话语等的)连发
参考例句:
  • The torrent scoured a channel down the hillside. 急流沿着山坡冲出了一条沟。
  • Her pent-up anger was released in a torrent of words.她压抑的愤怒以滔滔不绝的话爆发了出来。
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TAG标签:   公共英语  等级考试  四级
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