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历年考研英语翻译mp3(2003)

时间:2008-10-14 01:10来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:03.49]2003
[00:06.71]Human beings in all times and places
[00:09.33]think about their world and wonder at their place in it.
[00:13.07]Humans are thoughtful and creative,
[00:15.40]possessed of insatiable curiosity.
[00:18.29](1)<Furthermore, humans have the ability to modify
[00:20.81]the environment in which they live,
[00:23.13]thus subjecting all other life forms
[00:25.14]to their own peculiar ideas and fancies.>
[00:28.76]Therefore, it is important to study humans
[00:31.19]in all their richness and diversity in a calm
[00:33.91]and systematic1 manner,
[00:35.82]with the hope that the knowledge resulting
[00:37.80]from such studies can lead humans
[00:40.22]to a more harmonious2 way of living with themselves
[00:43.15]and with all other life forms on this planet Earth.
[00:46.90]"Anthropology3" derives4 from the Greek words anthropos
[00:50.48]"human" and logos "the study of."
[00:53.41]By its very name, anthropology encompasses
[00:56.33]the study of all humankind.
[00:58.84]Anthropology is one of the social sciences.
[01:01.87](2)<Social science is that branch of intellectual enquiry
[01:05.19]which seeks to study humans and their endeavors
[01:08.42]in the same reasoned, orderly, systematic,
[01:11.25]and dispassioned manner that natural scientists
[01:14.42]use for the study of natural phenomena.>
[01:17.54]Social science disciplines include geography, economics,
[01:21.47]political science, psychology5, and sociology.
[01:25.41]Each of these social sciences has a subfield or specialization
[01:29.14]which lies particularly close to anthropology.
[01:32.57]All the social sciences focus upon the study of humanity.
[01:36.49]Anthropology is a field-study oriented discipline
[01:39.93]which makes extensive use of the comparative method in analysis.
[01:44.26](3)<The emphasis on data gathered first-hand,
[01:47.39]combined with a cross-cultural perspective
[01:49.69]brought to the analysis of cultures past and present,
[01:53.12]makes this study a unique
[01:54.73]and distinctly important social science.>
[01:57.75]Anthropological analyses rest heavily
[02:00.55]upon the concept of culture.
[02:02.66]Sir Edward Tylor's formulation of the concept of culture
[02:05.89]was one of the great intellectual achievements
[02:08.31]of 19th century science.
[02:10.63](4)<Tylor defined culture as
[02:12.44]"...that complex whole which includes belief, art,
[02:16.07]morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities
[02:20.11]and habits acquired by man as a member of society.">
[02:24.04]This insight, so profound in its simplicity,
[02:27.28]opened up an entirely6 new way of perceiving
[02:29.80]and understanding human life.
[02:32.33]Implicit within Tylor's definition is the concept
[02:35.44]that culture is learned, shared,
[02:37.76]and patterned behavior.
[02:39.08]在线英语听力室(
www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[02:39.68](5)<Thus, the anthropological concept of "culture,"
[02:42.81]like the concept of "set" in mathematics,
[02:45.64]is an abstract concept
[02:47.66]which makes possible immense amounts
[02:49.58]of concrete research and understanding.>

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1 systematic SqMwo     
adj.有系统的,有计划的,有方法的
参考例句:
  • The way he works isn't very systematic.他的工作不是很有条理。
  • The teacher made a systematic work of teaching.这个教师进行系统的教学工作。
2 harmonious EdWzx     
adj.和睦的,调和的,和谐的,协调的
参考例句:
  • Their harmonious relationship resulted in part from their similar goals.他们关系融洽的部分原因是他们有着相似的目标。
  • The room was painted in harmonious colors.房间油漆得色彩调和。
3 anthropology zw2zQ     
n.人类学
参考例句:
  • I believe he has started reading up anthropology.我相信他已开始深入研究人类学。
  • Social anthropology is centrally concerned with the diversity of culture.社会人类学主要关于文化多样性。
4 derives c6c3177a6f731a3d743ccd3c53f3f460     
v.得到( derive的第三人称单数 );(从…中)得到获得;源于;(从…中)提取
参考例句:
  • English derives in the main from the common Germanic stock. 英语主要源于日耳曼语系。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He derives his income from freelance work. 他以自由职业获取收入。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
6 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  翻译
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