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CET4练口语记单词lesson1

时间:2005-11-20 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:721103   字体: [ ]
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  A 字部
A: You're going to abandon me, just like that?你想就那样丢下我不管吗?
B: I'm sorry, but I've got an important job to do.对不起,但我真的有很重要的事要做。
abandon
vt. 1.离弃,丢弃;2.遗弃,抛弃;3.放弃
abandon oneself to 沉溺于
with abandon 1.放任地,放纵地;2.纵情地
A: I think it's important that all people have the ability to read.我认为具备阅读能力对于所有人来说都是很重要的。
B: I agree with you, but that's easier said than done.我同意你的看法,但是说起来容易,做起来难。
ability
n. 1.能力,本领;2.才能,才智
to the best of one's ability 尽自己最大努力
A: How many passengers are there aboard the ship?有多少乘客上了船?
B: Seventy-six, I think.我想应该是67人吧。
aboard
prep. 在(船、飞机、车)上,上(船、飞机、车)
ad. 在船(或飞机、车)上,上船(或飞机、车)
A: Are you planning on studying abroad?你打算出国留学吗?
B: I'd like to, but I'm not sure if I'll have enough money.我想,但我不敢肯定我的钱足够支付留学费用。
abroad
ad. 1.到国外,在国外;2.在传播,在流传
A: I noticed your absence in class this morning.我注意到你今天早上没来上课。
B: I'm sorry, I overslept. 我睡过头了。
absence
n. 1.缺席,不在;2.缺席的时间,外出期;3.缺乏,不存在
A: I can't believe the boss was absent from today's meeting.老板没出席今天的会议真是难以置信。
B: Neither can I .我也不敢相信。
absent
a. 1.缺席的,不在场的;2.缺乏的,不存在的;3.心不在焉的,出神的
A: We have absolute proof that you committed the crime.我们有足够的证据证明是你犯下那宗罪案。
B: That's absolutely ridiculous!那简直荒谬。
absolute
a. 1.十足的,道地的;2.绝对的,完全的;3.不受任何限制(或约束)的
A: This paper absorbs water so quickly!这纸吸水很快。
B: Yes, it's great for cleaning up spills.对,用这种纸来清理溅出的东西非常好。
absorb
vt. 1.吸收;2.吸引…的注意,使全神贯注;3.把…并入,同化
A: Why aren't you doing well in the class?你们为什么在班里成绩不理想。
B: The material is so abstract that I have trouble understanding it. 材料太抽象了,我理解起来有困难。
abstract
a. 1.抽象的;2.抽象派的
n. 1.摘要,梗概;2.抽象派艺术作品
vt. 1.做…的摘要;2.提取,抽取
in the abstract 抽象地,在理论上
A: Labor1 is an abundant resource here.这里的劳动力资源很充足。
B: One of many abundant resources, I'd like to point out.我想指出的是那时大量充足资源中的一种。
abundant
a. 1.大量的,充足的;2.(in)丰富的,富裕的
A: I hate to see the abuse of animals.我讨厌看见虐待动物的情形。
B: It makes me sick.那让我感到恶心。
abuse
n. 1.滥用,妄用; 2.虐待,伤害; 3.辱骂,毁谤
vt. 1.滥用,妄用; 2.虐待,伤害; 3.辱骂,毁谤
A: I really dislike reading academic books.我真的很不喜欢看学术书刊。
B: That may be so, but reading them is an important way to expand your knowledge.学术书刊也许不招人喜欢,但读一读可以拓宽知识面。
academic
a. 1.学校的,学院的;2.学术的;3.纯理论的,不切实际的
n. 大学教师
A: The academy is an important part of the education system.学院是教育系统的重要部分。
B: I couldn't agree with you more.我太赞同你的说法了。
academy
n. 1.研究院,学会;2.(中等以上)专门学校
A: Look how fast that car can accelerate!看看那辆车加速好快啊。
B: I've never seen anything like it .我还没有看过像那部车那么快的呢/
accelerate
v. (使)加快,(使)增速
A: I'm sorry, I'm having a little trouble understanding your accent. 抱歉,你的口音让我听起来有点困难。
B:I'll try to speak more clearly.我尽量说得清楚一点。
accent
n. 1.口音,腔调; 2.重音,重音符号
vt. 重读
A: How's work?工作进展得怎么样?
B: I feel like I'm finally gaining my co-worker's acceptance..我似乎终于得到了工友的接纳。
acceptance
n. 1.接受,接纳;2.赞同,承认;3.容忍
A: I wish I had access to the public library.我希望能够使用公共图书馆。
B: it's easy! Just go and get a card.那还不容易吗。只要过去办理张卡。
access
n. 1.通道,入口;2.接近,进入;接近(或进入、享用)的机会
vt. 存取(计算机文件)
A: How did you two meet?你们两人怎么会在一起见面?
B:To tell you the truth, it was completely accidental.实话告诉你,那绝对是一个偶然。
accidental
a. 意外的,偶然(发生)的
A: What sort of accommodation can you supply for me?你可以给我提供怎样的膳宿?
B: We've got a beautiful two- double room with a bath an shower.我们有两间带卫生间的双人房。
accommodation
n. [常pl.] 住处,膳宿
A: Would you be willing to accompany me to the party tonight?你愿意陪我参加今晚的误会吗?
B: Sure , I'd love to .当然,我非常愿意。
accompany
vt. 1.陪伴,陪同;2.伴随,和…一起发生;3.为…伴奏(或伴唱)
A: What kind of job do you think I should get?你认为我应该找份怎样的工作呢?
B: It all depends on what you want to accomplish in your life.这就看你这一生希望实现什么目标了。
accomplish
vt. 达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划、诺言等)
A: The numbers in this table don't seem to be in accord with reality.桌上的数字似乎与事实不符。
B: I know, but these are the figures that we came up with.我知道,但这些数字只是我们想出来的。
accord
n. 1.一致,符合;2.(尤指国与国之间的)谅解,协议
vi. (with)相符合,相一致,相和谐
vt. 授予,赠与,给予
of one's own accord 出于自愿,主动地
in accord with 与…一致,与…相符合
with one accord 一致地,一致同意地
A: Why didn't you sign the contract?你为何不在合同上签字?
B: Because that company's behavior is not in accordance with international law.因为公司的行为有悖于国际法。
accordance
n. 一致,和谐,符合
in accordance with 与…一致,依照,根据
A: When should I make my presence known?什么时候才让他们知道我在这里。
B: Wait for my instructions and then proceed accordingly等我的指示并按我意思行事就是了。
accordingly
ad. 1.照着,相应地;2.因此,所以,于是
A: Why are you holding me in this jail cell?为什么你要把握关在牢里?
B: We'd like to hear your account of the events of last night.我们想听听你陈述昨晚所发生的事。
account
n. 1.记述,描述,报告;2.帐,帐户;3.解释,说明
vi. 1.(for)说明…的原因,是…的原因;2.(在数量、比例方面)占
of no account 不重要的
on account of 为了…的缘故,因为,由于
on no account 绝不,绝对不
take account of 考虑到,顾及,体谅
take…into account 见take account of :考虑到,顾及,体谅
A: My accountant thinks she can save me lots of money on my taxes this year.我的会计师认为今年她能够帮我省很多税钱。
B: That sounds great!太棒了。
accountant
n. 会计人员,会计师
A: You shouldn't let the dirty dishes accumulate in the sick!你不应该把脏盘子堆积在哪里。
B: I know, I should wash them right away.知道了,我必须马上去洗掉它们。
accumulate
vt. 堆积,积累,积聚
vi. 累积,聚积
A: When shooting a gun, accuracy is very important.当使用枪支射击时,精确度是很重要的。
B: You only need to tell me that once.你只需要告诉我一次就行了。
accuracy
n. 准确(性),精确(性)
A: If the weatherman's predictions are accurate, it should rain tomarrow.如果气象员的预报准确,明天应该会下雨。
B: I hope not. Then we'd have to reschedule our baseball game.我希望不要下雨。否则我们不得不更改棒球赛的时间。
accurate
a. 1.正确无误的;2.准确的,精确的
A: How dare you accuse me of stealing your computer?你怎么敢告我偷你的电脑。
B: I'm sorry, but you were the only one who had access to it.抱歉,但是只有你一个人可以靠近它。
accuse
vt. 指控,控告,指责
A: I'm not really accustomed to the style of the new boss. 新老板的风格让我不太适应。
B: It'll take us all some time to get used to the change.我们都需要时间适应新变化。
accustomed
a. 1. (to)习惯于…的,适应了的;2. 通常的,惯常的
A: The new testing system rewards students based on achievement
B: Well, what was the old system like?
achievement
n. 1.成就,成绩;2.达到,完成,实现
A: Be careful! This acid can burn through your skin!
B: Maybe I should wear gloves.
acid
n. 酸,酸性物质
a. 1.酸的,酸味的;2.尖刻的,刻薄的
A: I'm so embarrassed that I don't know what to do.
B: You should just acknowledge your mistake and move on.
acknowledge
vt. 1.承认,承认…的权威(或主张);2.告知收到,确认;3.对…表示谢忱,报偿
A: Was that your girlfriend?
B: No, we're not even good friend. She's really just an acquaitance
acquaintance
n. 1.相识的人,熟人;2.认识,相识,了解
A: What do you think is the best way to acquire knowledge about fishing?
B: Go fishing!
acquire
vt. 1.取得,获得;2.学到
A: The acquisition of wealth should not be the only goal of your life.
B: I know, but I still would have liked to have gotten a raise.
acquisition
n. 1.取得,获得,习得;2.获得物,增添的人(或物)
A: How many acres of land are you hoping to bay?
B: Anywhere between ten and twenty.
acre
n. 英亩
A: If you really like the girl, then you should take action
B: But I get nervous every time I talk to her .
action
n. 1.行动,行动过程;2.已做的事,行为;3.作用;4.情节
out of action 不(再)起作用,不(再)运转
A: What would you say is your favorite activity ?
B: I'd have to say bowling2.
acrivity
n. 1.活动,行动;2.活跃,活力
A: Why do you think he is so successful?
B: His acute sense of reason puts him a level above everyone else.
acute
a. 1.严重的,激烈的;2.敏锐的;3.(疾病)急性的;4.尖的,锐的
A: That is the silliest ad I have every seen!
B: Why would anyone want to buy that product?
ad
n. 见advertisement
A: If you want to survive in this business, you've got to learn to how to adapt
B: I'm doing the best I can.
adapt
vt. 1.使适应,使适合;2.修改,改编
vi. (to) 适应
A: How are you going to have room for the new baby?
B: We're going to build an addition onto our house.
addition
n. 1.加,加法;2.增加的人(或物)
in addition 另外,加之
in addition to 除…之外(还)
A: Do you have any additional questions?
B: No, thanks, you've answered them all.
additional
a. 添加的,额外的,另外的
A: If we can't find adequate housing in the city, we're going to have to move to another state.
B: That would really be a pit.
adequate
a. 1.充足的,足够的;2.适当的,胜任的
A: How was the concert?
B: I don't know if I can even find the right adjective to describe it!
adjective
n. 形容词
A: I'm sure it's just a matter of time before you find a job.
B: Maybe I need to adjust my attitude
adjust
vt. 1.校正,校准,调节;2.调节,改变…以适应
vi. (to) 适应
A: I've just about had it with the administration !
B: Really? What's the problem?
administration
n. 1.管理,经营,支配;2.管理部门,行政机关,政府;3.实行,执行
A: I applied3 to six school, and got four offers of admission .
B: Congratulations!
admission
n. 1.准许进入,准许加入;2.入场费,入场券;3.承认,供认
A: I think maybe we should adopt a child.
B: I'm not sure if we can afford it.
adopt
vt. 1.收养;2.采取,采纳,采用;3.正式通过,批准
A: Sometimes I get tired of being an adult. And want to just play like a child.
B: I think we all feel that way sometimes.
adult
n. 成年人(或动物)
a. 1.成年的,充分长成的;2.成年人的,适宜于成年人的
A: Are you going to sign up for the advanced course, or the beginner one?
B: I think I might sign up for the intermediate course.
advanced
a. 1.超前的,先进的;2.高级的,高等的;3.年迈的,后阶段的
A: Why did your team lose the game?
B: They had a big advantage over us, being so much taller.
advantage
n. 1.优点,有利条件,有利因素;2.利益,好处
take advantage of 利用,占…的便宜
to advantage 有力地,使优点突出地
A: Do you know what an adverb is ?
B: I think I remember from school that it is usually a word that modifies a verb.
adverb
n. 副词
A: If we want our magazine to be successful, we need to find advertisers.
B: But who would want to advertise I a magazine about potatoes?
advertise
vt. 1.为…做广告,宣传;2.(在报刊,电视,广播等中)公告,告布
vi. 登广告,做广告,登公告
A: It's imperative4 that we build our brand name.
B: Well, if we want to do that, we're going to need a killer5 advertisement.
advertisement
n. 1.广告,公告,启事;2.广告活动,宣传
A: I've decided6 to quit my job.
B: I really don't think that's an advisable course of action.
advisable
a. 可取的,适当的,明智的
A: What did the doctor say?
B: She advocated that I quit smoking.
advocate
vt. 拥护,提倡,主张
n. 1.拥护者,提倡者;2.辩护者,律师
A: It's important to remember that your own actions affect the lives of others.
B: Thanks for reminding me.
affect
v. 影响
A: Why do you think he 's angry all the time?
B: Maybe his mother didn't show him enough affection when he was a child.
affection
n. 喜爱,感情,爱慕之情
A: So, you went to the concert. Then what?
B: Afterwards, he drove me home and kissed me goodnight.
afterward(s)
ad. 以后,过后,后来
A: Do you know of a good travel agency?
B: We were very happy with the one that organized our trip to the Bahamas
agency
n. 1.代理行,经销处;2.(政府等的)专业行政部门
A: Would you mind helping7 me plan the agenda for tomorrow's meeting?
B: Sure, no problem.
agenda
n. 议事日程
A: What do you do for a living?
B: I've been a real estate agent for the past 15 years.
agent
n. 1.代理人,代理商,经纪人;2.政府特工人员,政府代表;3.动因,原因;4.剂
A: Why didn't you hire the candidate from Michigan?
B: I was really turned off by his aggressive manner.
aggressive
a. 侵犯的,侵略的,挑衅的;2.敢作敢为的,有进取心的
A: This software has been a great aid in completing my homework.
B: It's amazing what computers can do.
aid
n. 1.帮助,援助,救助;2.助手,辅助物,辅助手段
vt. 帮助,援助,救助
A: Before boarding the aircraft, remember to remove anything sharp from your luggage.
B: Don't worry, I'll remember.
aircraft
n. 飞机,航空器
A: Do you prefer to fly small airlines or large ones?
B: I fly whichever will sell me the cheapest ticket.
airline
n. [常pl.] 航空公司
A: I'm worried that my sickness will become serious.
B: Relax. A minor8 sore throat is no cause for alarm.
alarm
n. 1.惊恐,忧虑;2.警钟,报警器,闹钟;3.报警
vt. 使惊恐,使担心
A: Can I get you a beer?
B: No thanks. If I drink too much alcohol, my face turns red.
alcohol
n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精
A: Be sure to stay alert when you're walking alone at night.
B: I'll be fine. I've lived in the city all of my life.
alert
a. 警觉的,留神的,注意的
vt. 1.向…报警,使警惕;2.使认识到,使意识到
n. 1.警戒(状态),戒备(状态);2.警报
on the alert 警戒着,随时准备着,密切注意着
A: You two look almost exactly alike!
B: Well, we're twins.
alike
a. 同样的,相象的
ad. 1.一样地,相似地;2.同样程度地
A: Exactly how is an alliance with their company in our best interests?
B: The chief advantage is that we can consolidate9 our production lines.
alliance
n. 结盟,联盟
A: Why should I give you a raise in your allowance?
B: Because I do more chores now than I used to .
allowance
n. 津贴,补贴,零用钱
make allowance(s) for 1.考虑到,顾及;2.体谅,原谅
A: They've been our allies for fifteen years, and I think we should help them
B: But sometimes you've got to abandon a sinking ship.
ally
n. 1.同盟国,同盟者;2.支持者
v. (使)结盟,(使)联合
A: How do I get to the bank?
B: Just follow the road that runs alongside the river.
alongside
ad. 在旁边,沿着边,并排地
prep. 1.在…旁边,沿着…的边;2.和…在一起
A: How many vowels10 are there in the English alphabet?
B: Five, I think.
alphabet
n. 字母表
A: I'm trying to find a way to alter my image.
B: You could start by cutting your hair.
alter
v. 改变,改动,变更
A: Isn't there an alternative to moving to another country?
B: Not if we want to survive financially.
alternative
a. 1.两者择一的,供选择的,供替代的
n. 1.取舍,抉择,供选择的东西;2.选择的自由,选择的余地
A: I'm having a strong reaction to the high altitude of the mountain.
B: Rest for a few days, and I'm sure you'll be fine.
altitude
n. 1.高度,海拔;2.[pl.]高处,高地
A: What are you going to do with all of those aluminum11 cans?
B: Recycle them.
aluminium12 = aluminum
n. 铝
A: You are quite the golfer!
B: I'm just an amateur, but I try to practice a lot.
amateur
n. 1.业余爱好者,业余运动员;2.外行,粗通某一行的人
a. 1.业余爱好的,业余(身份)的
A: This magician we're going to see will amaze you with some of his tricks.
B: We'll see. I'm not easily amazed.
amaze
vt. 使大为惊奇,惊愕
A: When you go abroad, you should remember that you're acting13 as an ambassador for your county.
B: I'm not so sure about that. As far as I'm concerned, I'm just representing myself.
ambassador
n. 大使,使节,派驻国际组织的代表
A: I wish I still had the ambition of my youth.
B: I like you just the way you are.
ambition
n. 1.抱负,雄心,野心;2.企望得到的东西
A: If the ambulance had gotten here earlier, his life might have been saved.
B: Now is not the time to place blame.
ambulance
n. 救护车
A: I really hate him.
B: Amid all of the things you hate about him, he must have at least some qualities that you find endearing.
amid
prep. 在…中间,在…之中,被…围绕
A: What's the best way to lose weight?
B: Just remember that what you eat is more important than the amount you eat.
amount
n. 1.量,数量,数额;2.总额,总数
vi. 1.(to)合计,共计;2.(在意义、价值面)等同,接近
A: I was just trying to amuse you .
B: Well, I didn't think it was funny.
amuse
vt. 1.逗乐,逗笑;2.给…提供娱乐(或消遣)
A: What do you think about the country's economic situation?
B: I'd really need to do some further analysis before I could give you an answer on that.
analysis
n. 分析,分析报告
A: If you had properly analyzed15 the situation a year ago, you might not be bankrupt today.
B: Thanks for the advice, but it comes a little too late.
analyse = analyze14
vt. 分析,细察,细查
A: Where were your ancestors from?
B: They were from various different countries in Europe.
ancestor
n. 1.祖宗,祖先;2.原型,先驱
A: You've really been an anchor for me during this past year of hardship, and I want to say think you .
B: It's been my pleasure.
anchor
n. 1.锚;2.给人安全感之物(或人)
vt. 1.抛(锚),泊(船);2.把…系住,使固定;3.担任(电视节目等的)主持人
vi. 1.抛锚,停泊;2.固定,扎根
A: Your car really looks ancient .
B: Well, at least it still runs.
ancient
a. 1.古代的,古老的;2.年老的,看上去很老的
A: I just can't figure out how to save my marriage.
B: Maybe you should try looking at the situation from a different angle .
angle
n. 1.角,角度;2.观点,立场
vt. 1.把…放置成一个角度;2.使(新闻、报道等)带上倾向性
angle for 谋取,猎取
A: Why did you have to sit the game out.
B: I twisted my ankle in practice.
ankle
n. 踝,踝关节
A: Do you think what today is .
B: It's our 50th wedding anniversary .
anniversary
n. 周年纪念(日)
A: Do you mind if I chew gum?
B: Actually it's really starting to annoy me.
annoy
vt. 1.使恼怒,使烦恼;2.打扰,干扰
A: Are you going to go to Peter's annual barbeque?
B: This year I've got to stay home with the kids.
annual
a. 每年的,年度的,一年一次的
n. 1.年报,年刊,年鉴;2.一年生的植物
A: I am so sick of having ants in the kitchen.
B: Maybe you should call the exterminator16.
ant
n. 蚂蚁
A: I wish I could anticipate when it's going to rain.
B: Why don't you just watch the weather report on the news?
anticipate
vt. 1.预期,期望,预料;2.先于…行动,提前使用
A: This type of antique pot is very expensive.
B: Well, then I don't think I can afford it.
antique
a. 古时的,古老的
n. 古物,古玩,古董
A: Whenever I have a math test, I have trouble controlling my anxiety.
B: Everybody's nervous-you need to learn how to relax.
anxiety
n. 1.焦虑,挂虑;2.渴望,热望
A: Anyhow , you're just as smart as he is .
B: I know that , but I still feel inferior sometimes.
anyhow
ad. 1.不管怎么说,无论如何,至少:2.不论用何种方法,无论从什么角度;3.随随便便地,杂乱无章地
A: You really shouldn't have fallen asleep during the lecture.
B: Why not? I didn't care what he was talking about anyway .
anyway
ad. 1.不管怎么说,无论如何,至少:2.不论用何种方法,无论从什么角度
A: Do you think it will be hard to be apart for so long?
B: Not as long as we remember that we love each other.
apart
ad. 1.[空间、时间方面]成距离,相间隔;2.分离,分开
a. 分离的,分隔的
apart from 1.除…之外(别无);2.除…之外(尚有)
A: What have you been up to for the past few days?
B: I've been trying to find an apartment in the city.
apartment
n. 一套公寓房间,房间
A: I think you owe me an apology .
B: What!? You're the one who parked illegally.
apology
n. 道歉,认错,愧悔
A: Why do you want to a divorce?
B: It's become quite apparent to me that you don't care for me anymore.
apparent
n. 1.显然的,明白的,清晰可见的;2.表面上的,貌似(真实)的
A: That type of shoe just doesn't appeal to me.
B: Say what you want, but I like them.
appeal
n. 1.呼吁,恳求;2.感染力,吸引力;3.申诉,上诉
vi. 1.呼吁,恳求;2.有吸引力,有感染力;3. 上诉,申诉;4.(to)诉诸,诉请裁决(或证实等)
vt. 将…上诉,将…移交上级法院审理
A: Why don't we just stay home tonight?
B: I feel like we should at least make an appearance at the party.
appearance
n. 1.出现,显露,露面;2.外观,外貌,外表
to all appearances 就外表看来,根据观察推断
A: You don't seem to have much of an appetite tonight.
B: Well, I had a big lunch.
appetite
n. 1.胃口,食欲;2.欲望
A: Why do you want to be an actor?
B: That's easy. I crave17 the applause.
applause
n. 鼓掌,掌声
A: How is your new house coming along?
B: It's completely furnished, except for the major appliances .
appliance
n. 器具,器械,装置
A: Your example sounds great, but it's not applicable to the situation
B: I'm afraid I disagree with you on this one.
applicable
a. 1.可应用的,可实施的;2.适当的,合适的
A: Do you think I'll get the job?
B: Well, you're certainly not the most qualified18 applicant19 , but maybe they'll hire you based on personality.
applicant
n. 申请人
A: Are you planning on applying for graduate school this year?
B: Not this year, but maybe the next.
apply
vi. 1.申请,请求;2.适用
vt. 1.适用,运用,实施;2.涂,敷,施
A: Who do you think the President should appoint as the new judge?
B: Anybody will be better than the last guy!
appoint
vt. 1.任命,委派;2.约定,确定,指定(时间、地点)
A: I've got an appointment at four, but I could meet you for dinner at six.
B: Okay, sounds great.
appointment
n. 1.约会,约定;2.任命,委派;3.委任的职位
A: I really appreciate all of your help.
B: That's what friends are for.
appreciate
vt. 1.重视,赏识,欣赏;2.为…表示感激;3.(充分)意识到,领会,体会
vi. 增值
A: I really like her, but I'm not sure how to approach her.
B: Just walk up to her!
approach
v. 靠近,接近
n. 1.靠近,接近,临近;2.途径;3.方式,方法
A: Do you think this outfit20 is appropriate for the party?
B: The invitation said, "wear what you want."
appropriate
a. 1.适当的,恰当的
vt. 1.私占,侵吞,挪用;2.拨出(款项等)供专用
A: Do you like having your own place?
B: Yes, I love it. I finally feel like I don't need my mother's approval .
approval
n. 1.赞成,同意;2.批准,认可
on approval (商品)供试用的,包退包换的
A: You should know that I don't approve of your dropping out of school.
B: Do you think I care?
approve
vt. 1.赞成,同意;2.批准,核准,对…表示认可
vi. (of )赞成,称许
A: You don't have to say exactly, just tell me your approximate age.
B: I'm around forty.
approximate
a. 大概的,大约的,近似的
vi. (to) 近似,接近
vt. 1.近似,接近,估计
A: I'm sorry you lost your job.
B: I never thought, after all my years at the company, that they'd dismiss me in such an arbitrary manner.
arbitrary
a. 随意的,任意的;2.专断的,武断的,专制的
A: What's the first thing you'd do if you were going to build a house?
B: I'd find a good architect , of course.
architect
n. 建筑师,设计师,缔造者
A: I really hate the architecture of that building.
B: Well, to each his own. I kind of like it.
architecture
n. 1.建筑学,建筑术,建筑业;2.建筑式样,建筑风格
A: Look, I really don't want to argue with you. Just give me the keys.
B: Not if my life depends on it.
argue
v. 争辩,争论,辩论,说服
A: Well, what are you going to do now?
B: To be honest, I never thought this kind of situation would arise .
arise
vt. 产生,出现,发生;2.(from)(由…)引起,(由…)产生,起源于;3.起身,起床
A: If you're twenty five, and I'm ten years older than you, then how old am I?
B: I'm really bad at arithmetic !
arithmetic
n. 算术
A: If you don't want to arouse any suspicion, you'd better hide in the closet.
B: Whatever you say.
arouse
vt. 1.引起,激起唤起;2.唤醒
A: Would you like to have your parents arrange your wedding?
F: Frankly21, I'd rather do it myself.
arrange
vt. 1.安排,准备,筹备;2.整理,排列,布置
vi. 做安排,做准备,筹划
A: Which hotel will we be staying in?
B: That depends on what arrangements the travel agency has made.
arrangement
n. 1. [常pl.]安排,准备工作;2.整理,排列,布置
A: Since your arrest , do you feel that you've reformed?
B: Oh yes, certainly.
arrest
vt. 1.逮捕,拘留,扣留;2.停止,阻止;2.吸引
n. 逮捕,拘留,扣留
A: I'm so glad you're okay.
B: It's a good thing I ducked, or the arrow would have gone right through my head!
arrow
n. 1.箭,矢,箭状物;2.箭头符号
A: Would you like a jelly bean?
B: No thanks, I don't eat anything with artificial coloring.
artificial
a. 1.人工的,人造的,人为的;2.假的,矫揉造作的,模拟的
A: Do you like my painting?
B: Yes, you're so artistic22 !
artistic
a. 1.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;2.富有艺术性的,精美的,精彩的
A: How did you house burn down?
B: We left some hot ashes on the porch, and the whole house caught fire.
ash
n. 1.灰,灰烬;2.[pl.]骨灰,遗骸
A: I can't figure out how to write the conclusion!
B: Why don't you put the project aside for a few days, and come back to it later.
aside
ad. 在旁边,到(或向)一边
aside from 1.除…之外(别无);2.除…之外(尚有)
A: If you just focus on one aspect of the situation, your lecture might be easier to understand.
B: I know that, but I'm afraid I'd lose sight of the big picture.
aspect
n. 1.方面;2.(建筑物的)朝向,方向;3.面貌,外观
A: I'd like to buy this model for my son.
B: I should warn you that it might be too difficult for a child to assemble.
assemble
vi. 集合,聚集
vt. 1.集合,聚集,召集;2.装配
A: Unless the assembly approves the new regulations, we're out of business.
B: I've got my fingers crossed.
assembly
n. 1.立法机构,议会;2.集会,集合,集会的人们;3.组装,装配
A: How would you assess the current state of our marriage?
B: Well, we've been through some rocky times, but right now we're in pretty good shape.
assess
vt. 1.对…进行估价,确定…的数额;2.评价,评论
A: You've been a huge asset to the company over the years, but we've going to have to let you go.
B: I don't believe this.
asset
n. 1.有价值的人(或物),优点,长处;2.[常pl.]资产,财产
A: Do you think the teacher will assign homework over the weekend?
B: I don't see why he wouldn't.
assign
vt. 1.指派,选派;2.指定(时间、地点等);3.分配,给予,布置(作业)
A: Have you finished the assignment I gave you?
B: Of course.
assignment
n. 1.(分派的)任务,(指定的)作业;2.分配,指派
A: Let me know if there's any way I can assist you.
B: Thanks.
assist
n. 帮助,协助
A: If you need assistance , just give a yell.
B: I'm sure I'll be fine.
assistance
n. 帮助,援助
A: I usually wouldn't associate you with music, but you just did a great job singing that song.
B: Thanks!
associate
vt. 1.(在思想上)把…联系在一起;2.使联合,结合,使有联系
vi. (with)结交,交往
n. 伙伴,同事,合伙人
a. 副的
A: Before you move in, you need the approval of the Homeowner's Association .
B: Do you think it will be a problem?
association
n. 1.协会,联盟,社团;2.联合,结合,交往
A: I assume you brought the video?
B: Yes, it's right here.
assume
vt. 1.假定,假设,臆断,猜想;2.承担,担任,就职;3.呈现,具有,采取
A: I can tell just by looking at him that I won't like him.
B: You shouldn't make that sort of assumption about people.
assumption
n. 1.假定,臆断;2.担任,承担
A: I want to assure you that all of our wines are of the highest quality.
B: That's good to know.
assure
vt. 1.使确信,使放心;2.确保,保证给
A: People today astonish me with their disregard for nature.
B: I guess they're more concerned with making money than protecting the environment.
astonish
vt. 使惊讶
A: Why didn't you play soccer with us?
B: I've never been much of an athlete .
athlete
n. 运动员,体育家
A: The atmosphere of a room really changes when she walks in.
B: Yes, she certainly has a powerful presence.
atmosphere
n. 1.大气,大气层;2.空气;3.气氛,环境
A: It's hard to imagine that everything is make up of little tiny atoms.
B: And it's even harder to imagine that every atom is made up of even smaller particles.
atom
n. 1.原子;2.微粒,微量
A: Atomic energy can help reduce our dependence23 on oil.
B: But it has dangerous side effects as well.
atomic
a. 1.(关于)原子的;2.原子能的,原子武器的
A: What should I do with my necklace when I'm not wearing it?
B: Why don't you attach it to your backpack?
attach
vt. 1.系,贴,连接;2.使依恋,使喜爱;3.认为有(重要性,责任等);4.使附属
A: It's difficult to attain24 such a high level of skill.
B: But they say that, with practice, anything is possible.
attain
vt. 达到,获得
A: If you don't change your attitude , I'm leaving.
B: Go ahead and leave if you want.
attitude
n. 1.态度,看法;2.姿态,姿势
A: My attorney says I should plead guilty.
B: But you didn't do anything!
attorney
n. 律师,(业务或法律事务上的)代理人
A: I've always had an attraction to politics.
B: Maybe you should run for office.
attraction
n. 1.吸引,吸引里,诱惑力;2.具有吸引力的事物(或人)
A: I think you're very attractive .
B: I think you're quite ugly.
attractive
a. 吸引的,有吸引力的,引起注意的
A: I attribute his lack of personality to my failure as a parent.
B: Don't be so hard on yourself.
attribute
vt. (to) 把…归因于,把(过错、责任等)归于
n. 属性,特性
A: Why are you so sad? I thought it was a great show.
B: But half the audience left at intermission!
audience
n. 听众,观众,读者
A: The audio system in my car is nothing to get excited about.
B: At least it puts out sound, which is more than I can say about my car's system.
audio
a. 听觉的,声音的
A: How do you know the author ?
B: We went to high school together.
author
n. 著作家,作者
A: I hate it when the students challenge my authority .
B: Well, kids will be kids.
authority
n. 1.权力,管辖权;2.[pl.]官方,当局;3.当权者,行政管理机构;4.权威,专家
A: I want to buy an automatic can opener.
B: Why don't you just open the cans yourself?
automatic
a. 1.自动的;2.不假思索的,无意识的;3.必然的,自然的
n. 自动手枪(或步枪等),有自动装置的汽车
A: That is a fine-looking automobile25 .
B: Thank you.
automobile
n. 汽车
A: I want to buy some auxiliary26 speakers to supplement my existing sound system.
B: Do what you want, but I think it's a waste of money.
auxiliary
a. 1.辅助的,补助的;2.备用的,后备的
A: Do you have any rooms available ?
B: I'm sorry, we're all booked of tonight.
available
a. 1.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;2.可取得联系的,可得到的
A: I live on 15 Lawn Avenue.
B: Next to the Johnsons?
avenue
n. 林荫道,大街
A: I feel like you've been trying to avoid me.
B: That's not true at all.
avoid
vt. 避免,预防,避开
A: Can I have a week to think about it?
B: Sure. I await your reply.
await
vt. 1.等候,期待,期望;2.将降临到…身上
A: It is my pleasure to award you with this trophy27 for academic excellence28.
B: I'm honored to receive it.
award
vt. 1.授予,给予;2.判给,裁定
n. 奖,奖品,奖金
A: I wasn't aware that you've been trying to reach me.
B: Well, I have been for the past fifteen days.
aware
a. 意识到的,知道的
A: How was the movie?
B: It was absolutely awful.
awful
a. 1.极坏的,令人不快的,可怕的;2.(感到)难过的,不舒服的;3.非常的,极大的
A: I really feel awkward when I play tennis.
B: Maybe you should get lessons?
awkward
a. 1.尴尬的,棘手的;2.难操纵的,使用不便的;3.笨拙的,不灵巧的
A: Are you going to cut the tree down with a chainsaw?
B: No, just my trusty ax .
ax(e)
n. 斧子
B 字部 PART I
A: Did you get the job?
B: No, they didn't think I had the right background.
background
n. 1.出身背景,经历;2.背景资料;3.(画等的)背景,底子
A: Did you know that your shirt in on backwards29?
B: Yes. I like to wear it this way.
backward
a. 1.向后的,反向的;2.落后的,进步慢的
ad. [-(s)] 1.向后,往回;2.朝反方向,倒
know…backward(s) 对...极其熟悉
A: What's your favorite food?
B: I love to eat bacon.
bacon
n. 咸肉
A: Why won't you drink the water?
B: I'm afraid of the bacteria that might be in it.
bacteria
n. 细菌
A: Why did you miss the plane?
B: My baggage was so heavy that I couldn't lift it out of the car!
baggage
n. 行李
A: Be careful not to lose your balance!
B: Don't worry about me.
balance
n. 1.平衡,均衡;2.天平,秤;3.结存,结欠
vt. 1.使平衡,使均衡;2.称;3.权衡,比较
in the balance (生命等)在危急状态中,(命运等)未定
off balance 不平衡
A: I'm looking for apartment with a large balcony.
B: I think we've got just the one for you.
balcony
n. 1.阳台;2.(电影院等的)楼厅,楼座
A: Oops, I just popped the balloon.
B: That's OK, there are plenty more where that came from
balloon
n. 气球
A: Well, we've decided to ban smoking in the office.
B: That's fine by me.
ban
vt. 1.取缔,查禁; 2.(from)禁止
n. 禁止,禁令
A: Would you like to start a band?
B: Sure, I'd love to.
band
n. 1.管乐队; 2.群,伙; 3.带,箍; 4.条纹; 5.波段,频带
vt. 用带绑扎
A: Did you just hear that loud bang?
B: Yes, I wonder what it was.
bang
n. 1.巨响,爆炸声; 2.猛击,猛撞
vi. 1.猛击,猛撞; 2.发出砰的一声,砰砰作响
vt. 砰地敲(或推,扔); 2.猛击,猛撞
A: I hate to inform you, but the company is going bankrupt.
B: Does this mean I'll lose my job?
bankrupt
a. 1.破产的,彻底失败的; 2.彻底缺乏的
vt. 使破产,使枯竭
n. 破产者
A: I think we should hang a huge banner out in front of the school.
B: What a great idea.
banner
n. 1.横幅;2.旗帜.旗
A: Would you like to go to the bar tonight?
B: Sure. What time should we meet?
bar
n. 1.酒吧间,售酒(或食物等)的柜台;2.条,块; 3.(门窗等的)闩,栅栏
vt. 1.闩(门窗等),在…设栅栏; 2.阻止,阻拦; 3.阻塞,封锁(道路等)
behind bars 在狱中
A: The barber did a horrible job with my hair!
B: I don't think is looks that bad.
barber
n. 理发师
A: My bare feet are freezing.
B: Why don't you put some socks on?
bare
a. 1.赤裸的;2.光秃的,无遮盖的; 3.刚刚够的,勉强的
vt. 露出,暴露
A: I barely passed yesterday's test.
B: You're not the only one.
barely
ad. 仅仅,只不过,几乎不
A: That dog sure has a loud bark.
B: Yeah, I have to cover my ears every day when I walk by.
bark
vi. (狗等)吠,叫
n. 1.吠声,叫声; 2.树皮
A: Did you hear that the old barn burned down?
B: No! When did it happen?
barn
n. 谷仓,牲口棚
A: I'd like to buy a big barrel of oranges.
B: I'm sorry, but we don't sell them by the barrel.
barrel
n. 1.桶;2.筒,枪(或炮)管
vi. 快速移动
A: Why did you return early from abroad?
B: I found that the language barrier was just too much for me.
barrier
n. 1.栅栏,关卡,检票口; 2.障碍,隔阂; 3.屏障
A: There's nothing like a good game of baseball on a Saturday afternoon.
B: You've got that right.
baseball
n. 棒球
A: Basically, I just couldn't handle the workload30, so I dropped the class.
B: That's too bad.
basically
ad. 基本上,从根本上说
A: On what basis are you making your claim?
B: I'm mainly basing my conclusions on the results of my research.
basis
n. 基础,根据,原则
A: Did you see that bat just flew by us?
B: Yeah. Its wings brushed right by my ear!
bat
n. 1.蝙蝠;2.球棒,球拍
A: The batteries on my CD player are dead.
B: Here, you can borrow some of mine.
battery
n. 1.电池(组),蓄电池(组);2.排炮,炮组; 3.一系列,一套
A: I wonder how many boats there are in the bay?
B: More than I can count, that's for sure.
bay
n. 1.(海或湖泊的)湾; 2.(大厅等建筑物内的)分隔间
keephold sth. at bay 使无法近身
A: If you break the laser beam, then the alarm will go off.
B: Don't worry, I'll be careful.
beam
n. 1.(光线等;的)束,柱; 2.梁,横梁; 3.笑容,喜色
vi. 面露喜色
vt. 定向发出(无线电信号等),播送
A: I hate eating beans.
B: You should learn to like them, because they are a good source of protein.
bean
n. 豆
A: I want to grow a beard, but my wife thinks it'll look ugly.
B: You need to do what's right for you.
beard
n. 胡须
A: You can just look at him and tell that he has the bearing of a champion.
B: Well, he is a champion, after all.


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1 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
2 bowling cxjzeN     
n.保龄球运动
参考例句:
  • Bowling is a popular sport with young and old.保龄球是老少都爱的运动。
  • Which sport do you 1ike most,golf or bowling?你最喜欢什么运动,高尔夫还是保龄球?
3 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
4 imperative BcdzC     
n.命令,需要;规则;祈使语气;adj.强制的;紧急的
参考例句:
  • He always speaks in an imperative tone of voice.他老是用命令的口吻讲话。
  • The events of the past few days make it imperative for her to act.过去这几天发生的事迫使她不得不立即行动。
5 killer rpLziK     
n.杀人者,杀人犯,杀手,屠杀者
参考例句:
  • Heart attacks have become Britain's No.1 killer disease.心脏病已成为英国的头号致命疾病。
  • The bulk of the evidence points to him as her killer.大量证据证明是他杀死她的。
6 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
7 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
8 minor e7fzR     
adj.较小(少)的,较次要的;n.辅修学科;vi.辅修
参考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
9 consolidate XYkyV     
v.使加固,使加强;(把...)联为一体,合并
参考例句:
  • The two banks will consolidate in July next year. 这两家银行明年7月将合并。
  • The government hoped to consolidate ten states to form three new ones.政府希望把十个州合并成三个新的州。
10 vowels 6c36433ab3f13c49838853205179fe8b     
n.元音,元音字母( vowel的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Vowels possess greater sonority than consonants. 元音比辅音响亮。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Note the various sounds of vowels followed by r. 注意r跟随的各种元音的发音。 来自超越目标英语 第3册
11 aluminum 9xhzP     
n.(aluminium)铝
参考例句:
  • The aluminum sheets cannot be too much thicker than 0.04 inches.铝板厚度不能超过0.04英寸。
  • During the launch phase,it would ride in a protective aluminum shell.在发射阶段,它盛在一只保护的铝壳里。
12 aluminium uLjyc     
n.铝 (=aluminum)
参考例句:
  • Aluminium looks heavy but actually it is very light.铝看起来很重,实际上却很轻。
  • If necessary, we can use aluminium instead of steel.如果必要,我们可用铝代钢。
13 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
14 analyze RwUzm     
vt.分析,解析 (=analyse)
参考例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.我们应该分析这场事变的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.老师设法分析我们失败的原因。
15 analyzed 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80     
v.分析( analyze的过去式和过去分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
参考例句:
  • The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 医生们分析了贫血的血样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 这年轻人没有分析自己蛊惑著迷的过程,因为对他来说,爱是个不可分析的迷。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 exterminator it3z0T     
n.扑灭的人,害虫驱除剂
参考例句:
  • You're an exterminator charged with examining a house for bugs. 您装满了杀虫剂准备清除屋里的臭虫。 来自互联网
  • Finally, the sparrow was shot by an exterminator with an air rifle. 最后,这只闯祸的麻雀被人用气枪击毙。 来自互联网
17 crave fowzI     
vt.渴望得到,迫切需要,恳求,请求
参考例句:
  • Many young children crave attention.许多小孩子渴望得到关心。
  • You may be craving for some fresh air.你可能很想呼吸呼吸新鲜空气。
18 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有资格的,胜任的,有限制的
参考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
19 applicant 1MlyX     
n.申请人,求职者,请求者
参考例句:
  • He was the hundredth applicant for the job. 他是第100个申请这项工作的人。
  • In my estimation, the applicant is well qualified for this job. 据我看, 这位应征者完全具备这项工作的条件。
20 outfit YJTxC     
n.(为特殊用途的)全套装备,全套服装
参考例句:
  • Jenney bought a new outfit for her daughter's wedding.珍妮为参加女儿的婚礼买了一套新装。
  • His father bought a ski outfit for him on his birthday.他父亲在他生日那天给他买了一套滑雪用具。
21 frankly fsXzcf     
adv.坦白地,直率地;坦率地说
参考例句:
  • To speak frankly, I don't like the idea at all.老实说,我一点也不赞成这个主意。
  • Frankly speaking, I'm not opposed to reform.坦率地说,我不反对改革。
22 artistic IeWyG     
adj.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;善于艺术创作的
参考例句:
  • The picture on this screen is a good artistic work.这屏风上的画是件很好的艺术品。
  • These artistic handicrafts are very popular with foreign friends.外国朋友很喜欢这些美术工艺品。
23 dependence 3wsx9     
n.依靠,依赖;信任,信赖;隶属
参考例句:
  • Doctors keep trying to break her dependence of the drug.医生们尽力使她戒除毒瘾。
  • He was freed from financial dependence on his parents.他在经济上摆脱了对父母的依赖。
24 attain HvYzX     
vt.达到,获得,完成
参考例句:
  • I used the scientific method to attain this end. 我用科学的方法来达到这一目的。
  • His painstaking to attain his goal in life is praiseworthy. 他为实现人生目标所下的苦功是值得称赞的。
25 automobile rP1yv     
n.汽车,机动车
参考例句:
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
26 auxiliary RuKzm     
adj.辅助的,备用的
参考例句:
  • I work in an auxiliary unit.我在一家附属单位工作。
  • The hospital has an auxiliary power system in case of blackout.这家医院装有备用发电系统以防灯火管制。
27 trophy 8UFzI     
n.优胜旗,奖品,奖杯,战胜品,纪念品
参考例句:
  • The cup is a cherished trophy of the company.那只奖杯是该公司很珍惜的奖品。
  • He hung the lion's head as a trophy.他把那狮子头挂起来作为狩猎纪念品。
28 excellence ZnhxM     
n.优秀,杰出,(pl.)优点,美德
参考例句:
  • His art has reached a high degree of excellence.他的艺术已达到炉火纯青的地步。
  • My performance is far below excellence.我的表演离优秀还差得远呢。
29 backwards BP9ya     
adv.往回地,向原处,倒,相反,前后倒置地
参考例句:
  • He turned on the light and began to pace backwards and forwards.他打开电灯并开始走来走去。
  • All the girls fell over backwards to get the party ready.姑娘们迫不及待地为聚会做准备。
30 workload fVCzw     
n.作业量,工作量
参考例句:
  • An assistant one day a week would ease my workload.每周有一天配一个助手就会减轻我的工作负担。
  • He's always grousing about the workload.他总是抱怨工作量大。
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TAG标签:   CET4  练口语  记单词
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