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历年考研英语完型填空mp3(2007)

时间:2008-10-14 00:35来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:-0.48]在线英语听力室(www.tingroom.com)友情制作
[00:-0.23]2007
[00:01.52]By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese1 colonies had become independent nations.
[00:07.52]The roughly 20 million  inhabitants of these nations looked  hopefully  to the future.
[00:13.94]Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism,
[00:18.41]many of the leaders of independence
[00:21.13]shared the ideals of representative government,
[00:24.76]careers  open to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the  right to private property,
[00:31.03]and a belief in the individual as the basis of society.
[00:36.15]Generally there was a belief that the new nations
[00:39.90]should be sovereign and independent states,
[00:43.50]large enough to be economically viable
[00:46.44]and integrated by a  common  set of laws.
[00:50.52]On the issue of  freedom  of religion and the position of the church,
[00:55.38]however , there was less agreement  among the leadership.
[00:58.94]Roman Catholicism had been the state religion
[01:02.61]and the only one  allowed by the Spanish crown,
[01:07.13]While  most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism
[01:10.60]as the official religion of the new states,
[01:13.40]some sought to end the   exclusion2 of other faiths.
[01:18.17]The defense3 of the Church became a rallying  cry
[01:21.68]for the conservative forces.
[01:22.50]
[01:24.45]The ideals of the early leaders of independence were often egalitarian,
[01:29.96]valuing equality of everything.
[01:32.91]Bolivar had received aid from Haiti and had  promised  in return
[01:37.71]to abolish slavery in the areas he liberated4.
[01:41.71]By 1854 slavery had been abolished everywhere except Spain’s  remaining colonies.
[01:48.57]Early premise5 to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much slower
[01:55.82]because the new nations still needed the revenue
[02:00.13]such policies produced Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered
[02:05.13]by fears that the mass of the population
[02:07.96]was  unprepared for self-rule and democracy.

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1 Portuguese alRzLs     
n.葡萄牙人;葡萄牙语
参考例句:
  • They styled their house in the Portuguese manner.他们仿照葡萄牙的风格设计自己的房子。
  • Her family is Portuguese in origin.她的家族是葡萄牙血统。
2 exclusion 1hCzz     
n.拒绝,排除,排斥,远足,远途旅行
参考例句:
  • Don't revise a few topics to the exclusion of all others.不要修改少数论题以致排除所有其他的。
  • He plays golf to the exclusion of all other sports.他专打高尔夫球,其他运动一概不参加。
3 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
4 liberated YpRzMi     
a.无拘束的,放纵的
参考例句:
  • The city was liberated by the advancing army. 军队向前挺进,解放了那座城市。
  • The heat brings about a chemical reaction, and oxygen is liberated. 热量引起化学反应,释放出氧气。
5 premise JtYyy     
n.前提;v.提论,预述
参考例句:
  • Let me premise my argument with a bit of history.让我引述一些史实作为我立论的前提。
  • We can deduce a conclusion from the premise.我们可以从这个前提推出结论。
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TAG标签:   考研英语  完型填空
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