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美联社新闻一分钟 2005-10-06

时间:2007-03-06 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:fangyuanhh   字体: [ ]
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1. Authorities search flooded and mud-caked communities for victims of storms spawned2 by Hurricane Stan that left a trail of destruction and killed 82 people across Central America.

2. New Chief Justice John Roberts stepped forward as an aggressive defender3 of federal authority to block doctor-assisted suicide, as the Supreme4 Court clashed over an Oregon law that lets doctors help terminally ill patients end their lives.

3. A bomb exploded at the entrance of a Shiite Muslim mosque5 south of Baghdad as hundreds of worshippers gathered for prayers on the first day of Ramadan and for the funeral of a man killed in an earlier bombing. At least 25 people were killed and 87 wounded.

4. The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency said "good progress" was being made with Iran on its disputed nuclear program. Iran reiterated7 on Tuesday that it was ready to reopen talks with Europeans over its nuclear program.

5. Two Americans and a French scientist won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry Wednesday for developing a chemical "dance" that makes molecules8 swap9 atoms, a process now used to create medicines, plastics and other products with more efficiency and less environmental hazard.

WORDS IN THE NEWS

1. caked
caked
If something is caked with mud, blood, or dirt, it is covered with a thick dry layer of it.
Her shoes were caked with mud.
ADJ: usu v-link ADJ with/in n
= encrusted

+ caked
Also a combining form.
...blood-caked bandages.
...herds10 of mud-caked cattle and sheep.
COMB in ADJ: usu ADJ n
= encrusted

2. spawn1
3 spawn spawns11 spawning12 spawned
If something spawns something else, it causes it to happen or to be created. (LITERARY)
Tyndall's inspired work spawned a whole new branch of science.
He wrote 54 crime novels, which spawned both movies and television shows.
VB

3. clash
1 clash clashes clashing clashed
When people clash, they fight, argue, or disagree with each other. (JOURNALISM)
A group of 400 demonstrators ripped down the state Parliament's front gate and clashed with police.
Behind the scenes, Parsons clashed with almost everyone on the show.
The United States and Israel clashed over demands for a UN investigation13 into the killings14.
V-RECIP

+ clash clashes
Also a noun.
There have been a number of clashes between police in riot gear and demonstrators.
N-COUNT: oft N between/with n

4. terminal
1 terminal
A terminal illness or disease causes death, often slowly, and cannot be cured.
...terminal cancer.
...his illness was terminal.
ADJ: usu ADJ n

terminally
The patient is terminally ill.
ADV: ADV adj

5. Ramadan
Ramadan
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim year, when Muslims do not eat between the rising and setting of the sun. During Ramadan, Muslims celebrate the fact that it was in this month that God first revealed the words of the Quran to Mohammed.
N-UNCOUNT

6. reiterate6
reiterate reiterates15 reiterating16 reiterated
If you reiterate something, you say it again, usually in order to emphasize it. (FORMAL or JOURNALISM)
He reiterated his opposition17 to the creation of a central bank.
I want to reiterate that our conventional weapons are superior.
VB
= repeat
reiteration18 reiterations
It was really a reiteration of the same old entrenched19 positions.
N-VAR: oft N of n
= repetition

7. swap
1 swap swaps20 swapping21 swapped22
If you swap something with someone, you give it to them and receive a different thing in exchange.
Next week they will swap places and will repeat the switch weekly.
I'd gladly swap places with mummy any day.
I know a sculptor23 who swaps her pieces for drawings by a well-known artist.
Some hostages were swapped for convicted prisoners.
V-RECIP also swop.
= exchange

+ swap swaps
Also a noun.
If she ever fancies a job swap, I could be interested.
N-COUNT: oft n N also swop.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 spawn qFUzL     
n.卵,产物,后代,结果;vt.产卵,种菌丝于,产生,造成;vi.产卵,大量生产
参考例句:
  • The fish were madly pushing their way upstream to spawn.鱼群为产卵而疯狂地向上游挤进。
  • These fish will lay spawn in about one month from now.这些鱼大约一个月内会产卵。
2 spawned f3659a6561090f869f5f32f7da4b950e     
(鱼、蛙等)大量产(卵)( spawn的过去式和过去分词 ); 大量生产
参考例句:
  • The band's album spawned a string of hit singles. 这支乐队的专辑繁衍出一连串走红的单曲唱片。
  • The computer industry has spawned a lot of new companies. 由于电脑工业的发展,许多新公司纷纷成立。
3 defender ju2zxa     
n.保卫者,拥护者,辩护人
参考例句:
  • He shouldered off a defender and shot at goal.他用肩膀挡开防守队员,然后射门。
  • The defender argued down the prosecutor at the court.辩护人在法庭上驳倒了起诉人。
4 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
5 mosque U15y3     
n.清真寺
参考例句:
  • The mosque is a activity site and culture center of Muslim religion.清真寺为穆斯林宗教活动场所和文化中心。
  • Some years ago the clock in the tower of the mosque got out of order.几年前,清真寺钟楼里的大钟失灵了。
6 reiterate oVMxq     
v.重申,反复地说
参考例句:
  • Let me reiterate that we have absolutely no plans to increase taxation.让我再一次重申我们绝对没有增税的计划。
  • I must reiterate that our position on this issue is very clear.我必须重申我们对这一项议题的立场很清楚。
7 reiterated d9580be532fe69f8451c32061126606b     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • "Well, I want to know about it,'she reiterated. “嗯,我一定要知道你的休假日期,"她重复说。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • Some twenty-two years later President Polk reiterated and elaborated upon these principles. 大约二十二年之后,波尔克总统重申这些原则并且刻意阐释一番。
8 molecules 187c25e49d45ad10b2f266c1fa7a8d49     
分子( molecule的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The structure of molecules can be seen under an electron microscope. 分子的结构可在电子显微镜下观察到。
  • Inside the reactor the large molecules are cracked into smaller molecules. 在反应堆里,大分子裂变为小分子。
9 swap crnwE     
n.交换;vt.交换,用...作交易
参考例句:
  • I will swap you my bicycle for your radio.我想拿我的自行车换你的收音机。
  • This comic was a swap that I got from Nick.这本漫画书是我从尼克那里换来的。
10 herds 0a162615f6eafc3312659a54a8cdac0f     
兽群( herd的名词复数 ); 牧群; 人群; 群众
参考例句:
  • Regularly at daybreak they drive their herds to the pasture. 每天天一亮他们就把牲畜赶到草场上去。
  • There we saw herds of cows grazing on the pasture. 我们在那里看到一群群的牛在草地上吃草。
11 spawns f373732b9f0bf3cce005ffa159e1bbb0     
(鱼、蛙等的)子,卵( spawn的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Lava Spawns now require 15 attacks to replicate, up from 14. 火人现在需要攻击15下才会分裂,而不是14下。
  • Idleness spawns discontent, whereas overwork leads to mental and physical exhaustion. 懒惰滋生不满,而过度工作导致精神和身体的疲劳。
12 spawning e223115a66b2213a16c438abb9a400cb     
产卵
参考例句:
  • Encounter sites have a small chance of spawning a "Commander" NPC. 遭遇战地区有很小的几率遇到NPC指挥官。
  • Instantly revives your Champion at your Spawning Pool, 9 minute cooldown. 立即在出生地复活你的英雄,冷却时间9分钟。
13 investigation MRKzq     
n.调查,调查研究
参考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在调查中新发现了一件对他不利的事实。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。
14 killings 76d97e8407f821a6e56296c4c9a9388c     
谋杀( killing的名词复数 ); 突然发大财,暴发
参考例句:
  • His statement was seen as an allusion to the recent drug-related killings. 他的声明被视为暗指最近与毒品有关的多起凶杀案。
  • The government issued a statement condemning the killings. 政府发表声明谴责这些凶杀事件。
15 reiterates 5fd1c3daab76bff407166b43c505cf06     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The Chinese government reiterates that the question of Taiwan is China's internal affair. 中国政府重申,台湾问题是中国的内政。 来自汉英非文学 - 汉英文件
  • Wang Jianzhou reiterates a fact and a viewpoint in Davos. 王建宙在达沃斯重申一个事实和一个观点。
16 reiterating d2c3dca8267f52f2f1d18c6bc45ddc7b     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • He keeps reiterating his innocence. 他一再申明他无罪。
  • The Chinese government also sent a note to the British government, reiterating its position. 中国政府同时将此立场照会英国政府。
17 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
18 reiteration 0ee42f99b9dea0668dcb54375b6551c4     
n. 重覆, 反覆, 重说
参考例句:
  • The reiteration of this figure, more than anything else, wrecked the conservative chance of coming back. 重申这数字,比其它任何事情更能打消保守党重新上台的机会。
  • The final statement is just a reiteration of U.S. policy on Taiwan. 艾瑞里?最后一个声明只是重复宣读美国对台政策。
19 entrenched MtGzk8     
adj.确立的,不容易改的(风俗习惯)
参考例句:
  • Television seems to be firmly entrenched as the number one medium for national advertising.电视看来要在全国广告媒介中牢固地占据头等位置。
  • If the enemy dares to attack us in these entrenched positions,we will make short work of them.如果敌人胆敢进攻我们固守的阵地,我们就消灭他们。
20 swaps 7852508deb41ee8610612c888aea2f12     
交换( swap的名词复数 ); 交换物,被掉换者
参考例句:
  • He swaps his old car for a new motorcycle. 他用旧车换了一辆新摩托车。 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 口语
  • Swaps the anchor and end points of the current selection. 交换当前所选内容的定位点和结束点。
21 swapping 8a991dafbba2463e25ba0bc65307eb5e     
交换,交换技术
参考例句:
  • The slow swapping and buying of horses went on. 马匹的买卖和交换就是这样慢慢地进行着。
  • He was quite keen on swapping books with friends. 他非常热衷于和朋友们交换书籍。
22 swapped 3982604ac592befc46570aef4e827102     
交换(工作)( swap的过去式和过去分词 ); 用…替换,把…换成,掉换(过来)
参考例句:
  • I liked her coat and she liked mine, so we swapped. 我喜欢她的外套,她喜欢我的外套,于是我们就交换了。
  • At half-time the manager swapped some of the players around. 经理在半场时把几名队员换下了场。
23 sculptor 8Dyz4     
n.雕刻家,雕刻家
参考例句:
  • A sculptor forms her material.雕塑家把材料塑造成雕塑品。
  • The sculptor rounded the clay into a sphere.那位雕塑家把黏土做成了一个球状。
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