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美联社新闻一分钟 2006-05-16

时间:2007-03-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:kevinjjw   字体: [ ]
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1. A Duke University lacrosse team captain became the third player indicted1 in the rape2 scandal Monday and the first to speak out. David Evans denied allegations he raped3 an exotic dancer at an off-campus party. Two of Evans's teammates were also indicted on, what he calls, fantastic lies.

2. The National Guard is helping4 patrol flooded areas in New England. Forecast's predicted rain totals could hit 15 inches in some places today. The region has been pounded with torrential rain for the past four days.

3. An eruption5 at Indonesia's Mount Merapi sent an avalanche6 of debris7 and ash rolling down the mountain slopes. Scientists are warning activity at the mountain intensified8 to its highest level yet.

4. Doug Flutie is hanging up his spikes9 ending a football career that spanned two decades. The 1984 Heisman Trophy10 winner retired11 Monday. The 43-year-old quarterback said “it's just been a fun run for me”.

WORDS IN THE NEWS

1. speak out : phrasal verb
If you speak out against something or in favor of something, you say publicly that you think it is bad or good.
e.g. As tempers rose, he spoke12 out strongly against some of the radical13 ideas for selling off state-owned property.

2. off-campus ------校外
e.g. Registration14 Form to Live Off-Campus from the University

3. National Guard ------国民警卫队
In the United States, the National Guard is a military force within an individual state, which can become part of the national army if there is a war or emergency.
e.g. The Governor has now called in the National Guard to assist the cleanup operation.

4. pound : verb
If you pound something or pound on it, you hit it with great force, usually loudly and repeatedly.
e.g. Somebody began pounding on the front door.

5. torrential : adj
Torrential rain pours down very rapidly and in great quantities.

6. avalanche : n-sing
You can refer to a very large quantity of things that all arrive or happen at the same time as an avalanche of them.
e.g. The newcomer was greeted with an avalanche of publicity15.
Debris Avalanche : noun
A rapid and unusually sudden sliding or flowage of unsorted masses of rock and other material. As applied16 to the major avalanche involved in the eruption of Mount St. Helens, a rapid mass movement that included fragmented cold and hot volcanic17 rock, water, snow, glacier18 ice, trees, and some hot pyroclastic material. Most of the May 18, 1980 deposits in the upper valley of the North Fork Toutle River and in the vicinity of Spirit Lake are from the debris avalanche.

7. slope : n-count
A slope is the side of a mountain, hill, or valley.
e.g. the lower slopes of the Himalayas.

8. hang up : phrasal verb
You can use hang up to indicate that someone stops doing a particular sport or activity that they have regularly done over a long period. For example, when a footballer hangs up his boots, he stops playing football.
e.g. Keegan announced he was hanging up his boots for good.

9. spikes : n-plural
Spikes are a pair of sports shoes with pointed19 pieces of metal attached to the soles. They help runners' feet to grip the ground when they are running.

10. span : verb, no passive
If something spans a long period of time, it lasts throughout that period of time or relates to that whole period of time.
e.g. His professional career spanned 16 years.

11. trophy : n-count
A trophy is a prize, for example a silver cup, that is given to the winner of a competition or race.
Heisman Trophy ------海斯曼杯
Annual award given to the outstanding college gridiron football player in the U.S. The trophy was instituted in 1935 by New York City's Downtown Athletic20 Club and was officially named the following year for the club's first athletic director, the player-coach John Heisman. The winner is determined21 by a poll of sportswriters.

12. quarterback : n-count------四分卫
In American football, a quarterback is the player on the attacking team who begins each play and who decides which play to use. (AM)

13. fun run : n-count
①A random22 running session that begin when someone yells "fun run!" At which point, everybody takes off their clothes and starts running in no particular direction until yelled at by someone who isn't participating in the fun run------Urban Dictionary
e.g. Hey Norsoph, let's start a fun run.
②A fun run is a long distance race which anyone can take part in. Fun runs are often held to raise money for charity. (BRIT, AUSTRALIAN)------Collins Dictionary


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 indicted 4fe8f0223a4e14ee670547b1a8076e20     
控告,起诉( indict的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The senator was indicted for murder. 那位参议员被控犯谋杀罪。
  • He was indicted by a grand jury on two counts of murder. 他被大陪审团以两项谋杀罪名起诉。
2 rape PAQzh     
n.抢夺,掠夺,强奸;vt.掠夺,抢夺,强奸
参考例句:
  • The rape of the countryside had a profound ravage on them.对乡村的掠夺给他们造成严重创伤。
  • He was brought to court and charged with rape.他被带到法庭并被指控犯有强奸罪。
3 raped 7a6e3e7dd30eb1e3b61716af0e54d4a2     
v.以暴力夺取,强夺( rape的过去式和过去分词 );强奸
参考例句:
  • A young woman was brutally raped in her own home. 一名年轻女子在自己家中惨遭强暴。 来自辞典例句
  • We got stick together, or we will be having our women raped. 我们得团结一致,不然我们的妻女就会遭到蹂躏。 来自辞典例句
4 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
5 eruption UomxV     
n.火山爆发;(战争等)爆发;(疾病等)发作
参考例句:
  • The temple was destroyed in the violent eruption of 1470 BC.庙宇在公元前1470年猛烈的火山爆发中摧毁了。
  • The eruption of a volcano is spontaneous.火山的爆发是自发的。
6 avalanche 8ujzl     
n.雪崩,大量涌来
参考例句:
  • They were killed by an avalanche in the Swiss Alps.他们在瑞士阿尔卑斯山的一次雪崩中罹难。
  • Higher still the snow was ready to avalanche.在更高处积雪随时都会崩塌。
7 debris debris     
n.瓦砾堆,废墟,碎片
参考例句:
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轰炸之后到处瓦砾成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.细菌附着在牙缝中的食物残渣上,导致蛀牙。
8 intensified 4b3b31dab91d010ec3f02bff8b189d1a     
v.(使)增强, (使)加剧( intensify的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Violence intensified during the night. 在夜间暴力活动加剧了。
  • The drought has intensified. 旱情加剧了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 spikes jhXzrc     
n.穗( spike的名词复数 );跑鞋;(防滑)鞋钉;尖状物v.加烈酒于( spike的第三人称单数 );偷偷地给某人的饮料加入(更多)酒精( 或药物);把尖状物钉入;打乱某人的计划
参考例句:
  • a row of iron spikes on a wall 墙头的一排尖铁
  • There is a row of spikes on top of the prison wall to prevent the prisoners escaping. 监狱墙头装有一排尖钉,以防犯人逃跑。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 trophy 8UFzI     
n.优胜旗,奖品,奖杯,战胜品,纪念品
参考例句:
  • The cup is a cherished trophy of the company.那只奖杯是该公司很珍惜的奖品。
  • He hung the lion's head as a trophy.他把那狮子头挂起来作为狩猎纪念品。
11 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
12 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
13 radical hA8zu     
n.激进份子,原子团,根号;adj.根本的,激进的,彻底的
参考例句:
  • The patient got a radical cure in the hospital.病人在医院得到了根治。
  • She is radical in her demands.她的要求十分偏激。
14 registration ASKzO     
n.登记,注册,挂号
参考例句:
  • Marriage without registration is not recognized by law.法律不承认未登记的婚姻。
  • What's your registration number?你挂的是几号?
15 publicity ASmxx     
n.众所周知,闻名;宣传,广告
参考例句:
  • The singer star's marriage got a lot of publicity.这位歌星的婚事引起了公众的关注。
  • He dismissed the event as just a publicity gimmick.他不理会这件事,只当它是一种宣传手法。
16 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.应用的;v.应用,适用
参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
17 volcanic BLgzQ     
adj.火山的;象火山的;由火山引起的
参考例句:
  • There have been several volcanic eruptions this year.今年火山爆发了好几次。
  • Volcanic activity has created thermal springs and boiling mud pools.火山活动产生了温泉和沸腾的泥浆池。
18 glacier YeQzw     
n.冰川,冰河
参考例句:
  • The glacier calved a large iceberg.冰河崩解而形成一个大冰山。
  • The upper surface of glacier is riven by crevasses.冰川的上表面已裂成冰隙。
19 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
20 athletic sOPy8     
adj.擅长运动的,强健的;活跃的,体格健壮的
参考例句:
  • This area has been marked off for athletic practice.这块地方被划出来供体育训练之用。
  • He is an athletic star.他是一个运动明星。
21 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
22 random HT9xd     
adj.随机的;任意的;n.偶然的(或随便的)行动
参考例句:
  • The list is arranged in a random order.名单排列不分先后。
  • On random inspection the meat was found to be bad.经抽查,发现肉变质了。
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