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美国英语听力80篇1 Lesson06

时间:2011-03-25 05:23来源:互联网 提供网友:ri386278   字体: [ ]
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[00:07.03]The National Guard is one of the organizations of the United States Army and Air Force.
[00:13.90]Its members are not active duty soldiers and airmen.
[00:14.01]But National Guard members can be ordered to serve with them.
[00:18.63]The National Guard is the modern result of a law passed more than 200 years ago.
[00:26.10]It was the Militia1 Act of 1792.
[00:30.78]It required every free, able, white,male citizen between the ages of 18 and 45 to serve in a militia.
[00:42.53]Each state controlled and trained the members of these military groups.
[00:48.67]In 1905, a law was passed that required all male citizens to serve in the nation's armed forces.
[00:59.51]By then, the militia was known as the National Guard.
[01:04.32]The law placed the Guard under the control of state governments and the federal government.
[01:12.96]National Defense2 Acts in 1920 and 1933 extended this federal power.
[01:20.28]Since then, the President has been able to order National Guard units to active duty in a national emergency.
[01:29.00]State governors may order units to active duty duringemergencies such as strikes, natural disasters or riots3.
[01:39.37]Today, the law does not require citizens to join the armed forces or the National Guard.
[01:46.40]Citizens can volunteer to join both groups.
[01:50.45]Each state, territory and the District of Columbia has its own National Guard.
[01:58.13]The Army National Guard has about 350,000 citizen soldiers.
[02:04.82]About 100,000 airmen serve in the Air National Guard.
[02:09.62]During peacetime, National Guard members attend 48 training periods a year.
[02:17.07]The federal government pays them for the time they are training.
[02:20.96]The army and air force National Guard units serve with active duty soldiers in the United States and around the world.
[02:30.47]In recent years,
[02:32.14]the President has ordered them to serve during the Gulf4 War and as peacekeepers after the conflicts in Bosnia and Kosovo.


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1 militia 375zN     
n.民兵,民兵组织
参考例句:
  • First came the PLA men,then the people's militia.人民解放军走在前面,其次是民兵。
  • There's a building guarded by the local militia at the corner of the street.街道拐角处有一幢由当地民兵团守卫的大楼。
2 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
3 riots riots     
n. 暴乱, 骚乱, 暴动 vi. 骚乱, 闹事
参考例句:
  • the instigators of the riots 煽动骚乱的人
  • The riots are a clear manifestation of the people's discontent. 骚乱清楚地表明了人们的不满情绪。
4 gulf 1e0xp     
n.海湾;深渊,鸿沟;分歧,隔阂
参考例句:
  • The gulf between the two leaders cannot be bridged.两位领导人之间的鸿沟难以跨越。
  • There is a gulf between the two cities.这两座城市间有个海湾。
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TAG标签:   美国英语听力  Militia
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