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美国英语听力80篇2 Lesson36

时间:2011-03-26 05:13来源:互联网 提供网友:rf855803   字体: [ ]
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[00:06.37]Some people cannot see all colors correctly.
[00:10.92]They cannot see all the colors in a rainbow or a sunset.
[00:16.40]They cannot tell if the meat they are cooking is done or if a fruit is ready to be eaten.
[00:23.61]Poor color sight also prevents people from holding jobs such as policeman, pilot, and cook, and from serving in the military.
[00:34.59]Last year,the first eyeglasses were approved in the United States to treat people with poor color sight.
[00:43.60]They are called ColorMax glasses.
[00:46.68]However, the Food and Drug Administration warns that the new glasses do not give a person normal color vision.
[00:55.90]The glasses permit a person to better see differences in colors that used to look the same to them.
[01:02.90]About 250,000,000 people around the world have a condition limiting the colors they see.
[01:11.42]The condition commonly is known as color-blindness.
[01:16.20]Color-blindness can result from injury to the eye, medicine, or age.
[01:22.36]However, most people are born with the condition.
[01:26.44]Genetic colorblindness is caused by a defect in the retina, the inner wall of the eyeball.
[01:34.12]The retina contains cones2 and rods, two kinds of cells that react to light.
[01:41.38]Cones permit us to see color and to see in bright light. Rods sense brightness and darkness.
[01:50.63]A normal eye has three cones. One cone1 is sensitive to blue light, one to green light,and another to red light.
[02:01.13]Most colors are a mixture of the three colors.
[02:05.44]Usually when a person sees an object, all three cones become active.
[02:12.57]The brain then uses this information to decide the color.
[02:17.59]A normal eye can see about 200 colors.
[02:22.11]People with poor color sight have damaged or missing cones.
[02:27.44]They may see the world in as few as five colors.
[02:32.06]The most common type of color-blindness is the failure to see reds or greens.
[02:39.43]The ColorMax glasses improve color sight by changing the wavelength3 of light entering the eye.
[02:47.78]They do so by covering the glass with a colored lens that blocks out light.
[02:55.26]For example, a red lens lets in red light but blocks out most blues4 and greens.
[03:01.73]Green light seen through red lenses will appear darker because light from it is not reaching the eye.
[03:09.86]The glasses make colors brighter and darker so that the differences are easier to see.
[03:17.77]People say ColorMax glasses help them see an increased number of colors.


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1 cone lYJyi     
n.圆锥体,圆锥形东西,球果
参考例句:
  • Saw-dust piled up in a great cone.锯屑堆积如山。
  • The police have sectioned off part of the road with traffic cone.警察用锥形路标把部分路面分隔开来。
2 cones 1928ec03844308f65ae62221b11e81e3     
n.(人眼)圆锥细胞;圆锥体( cone的名词复数 );球果;圆锥形东西;(盛冰淇淋的)锥形蛋卷筒
参考例句:
  • In the pines squirrels commonly chew off and drop entire cones. 松树上的松鼠通常咬掉和弄落整个球果。 来自辞典例句
  • Many children would rather eat ice cream from cones than from dishes. 许多小孩喜欢吃蛋卷冰淇淋胜过盘装冰淇淋。 来自辞典例句
3 wavelength 8gHwn     
n.波长
参考例句:
  • The authorities were unable to jam this wavelength.当局无法干扰这一波长。
  • Radio One has broadcast on this wavelength for years.广播1台已经用这个波长广播多年了。
4 blues blues     
n.抑郁,沮丧;布鲁斯音乐
参考例句:
  • She was in the back of a smoky bar singing the blues.她在烟雾弥漫的酒吧深处唱着布鲁斯歌曲。
  • He was in the blues on account of his failure in business.他因事业失败而意志消沉。
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