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美国英语听力80篇3 Lesson46

时间:2011-03-26 05:50来源:互联网 提供网友:rf855803   字体: [ ]
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[00:08.05]Igor Sikorsky left Russia at the start of the revolution in 1917.
[00:15.54]He stayed for a while in Britain and France.
[00:19.54]Then he went to the United States.
[00:22.62]He arrived with little money and no real chances for work.
[00:28.63]America's aviation1 industry was new and very small.
[00:34.30]There were no jobs.
[00:36.15]In 1923, however, he got help from a group of Russian exiles2 in the United States.
[00:43.99]They gave him enough money to start his own aviation company, Sikorsky Aero Engineering4.
[00:52.04]It was on Long Island east of New York City.
[00:56.03]Sikorsky's greatest success during this period was designing seaplanes.
[01:02.48]These planes could land on ground or on water.
[01:06.90]They could fly long distances.
[01:09.83]The Pan3 American airline company used them to fly from North America to Central and South America.
[01:18.21]In 1929, the Sikorsky company became part of the United Aircraft Corporation5.
[01:26.83]The re-organized company produced a series of large planes known as flying boats.
[01:34.51]These planes were big enough and powerful enough to fly across oceans.
[01:41.64]They made it possible to move people and goods quickly from the' United States to Europe and Asia.
[01:49.92]Passengers on flying boats rested in soft seats.
[01:54.83]They ate hot meals.
[01:57.68]Air travel had become fun, as well as safe.
[02:01.73]By 1938, Igor Sikorsky decided6 to experiment with hellcopters again.
[02:10.38]It had been thirty years since his first unsuccessful attempts.
[02:15.03]Through those years, he had written down ideas for possible new designs.
[02:21.56]The first helicopter Sikorsky built in America was the VS300.
[02:28.61]It was a skeleton7 of steel tubes.
[02:31.61]In its first test flight, it rose about a meter off the ground. Sikorsky then tested nineteen more designs.
[02:42.06]The final design had one main rotator,or rotor.
[02:47.37]The rotor was connected to three long blades8 on top.
[02:52.15]These blades turned around like an album on a record player.
[02:57.82]They lifted the helicopter into the air.
[03:01.47]A smaller rotor, with shorter blades, was at the back end.
[03:06.62]Those blades turned around like the wheel of a car.
[03:10.77]They kept the body of the helicopter pointed9 forward.
[03:15.34]This remained the basic design of all Sikorsky helicopters.
[03:20.31]By 1941, the VS300 had set all world records for helicopter flight.
[03:28.93]Military versions10 were made and some were used in the last years of World War Two.
[03:35.56]Most people, however, still did not accept the new flying machine.
[03:41.34]They said the helicopter had to prove its worth.
[03:45.78]It did that during the war in Korea in the early 1950s.
[03:51.37]Helicopters take off straight into the air.
[03:55.34]They can land just about anywhere.
[03:58.39]They do not need long airport runways like planes.
[04:03.15]During the Korean War, helicopters flew into battle areas to rescue wounded soldiers.
[04:10.83]They flew the men quickly to medical centers set up away from the fighting.
[04:17.15]This greatly improved the men's chances of survival11.
[04:22.01]Igor Sikorsky, the man most responsible for successfully designing and building helicopters,
[04:30.16]thought helicopters would be a common form of transportation.
[04:34.99]People, he said, would use them instead of automobiles12.
[04:40.29]They would fly into a city, land on top of a building, go to work, then fly home again.
[04:48.05]This has not happened.
[04:50.80]Privately-owned helicopters are not common.
[04:54.61]Yet helicopters have proved their value in other ways.
[04:59.00]Companies use them to transport heavy equipment to hard-to-reach places.
[05:05.16]Farmers use them to put insect poisons on their crops.
[05:10.20]And emergency teams use them to rescue people from fires and floods.
[05:16.32]Igor Sikorsky continued as an engineering adviser13 to his aircraft company until he died in 1972.
[05:26.19]He was one of the best known and most respected leaders in international aviation.
[05:33.71]He received more than ninety major awards and honors14 from many countries and organizations.
[05:41.71]He always said, however, that his greatest satisfaction did not come from receiving honors.
[05:49.91]It did not come from being the first person to design new kinds of aircraft.
[05:55.94]Igor Sikorsky said his greatest satisfaction came from knowing


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1 aviation aviation     
n.航空,航空学,飞机制造业
参考例句:
  • Ten years ago,they began to develop the aviation. 十年前,他们开始发展航空工业。
  • Pilots of large aircraft are masters of aviation.大型飞行器的驾驶员是航空学方面的专家。
2 exiles 6003668e79b3567acb8879a080c69b17     
流放,放逐,流亡( exile的名词复数 ); 长期离家[出国]; 被流放者,流亡国外者,背井离乡者
参考例句:
  • There were many French exiles in England after the Revolution. 法国大革命后,有许多法国人流亡到英国。
  • Political exiles had not been given indemnity from prosecution. 政治流放犯没有得到免予起诉的保护。
3 pan YKHxG     
n.平底锅;v.严厉批评
参考例句:
  • The water had all boiled away and the pan was burned.水煮干了,锅也烧坏了。
  • The eggs were frying in the pan.鸡蛋正在锅里煎。
4 engineering vtyzmS     
n.工程,工程学,管理,操纵
参考例句:
  • The science of engineering began as soon as man learned to use tools. 人类一学会使用工具,工程科学就开始了。
  • It was the first great engineering works in the world. 这是世界上第一家大型的工程工厂。
5 corporation Vozzl     
n.公司,企业&n.社团,团体
参考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation. 这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
  • The inflation did the corporation up. 通货膨胀使这个公司破产了。
6 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
7 skeleton OE7z0     
n.骨骼,框架,骨干,梗概,提要
参考例句:
  • A long illness made a skeleton out of him.长期的卧病使他骨瘦如柴。
  • Her notes gave us just the bare skeleton of her theory.她的笔记只给我们提供了她的理论的梗概。
8 blades 03a4ed180b7ec649d415477e92c8122b     
n.刀口( blade的名词复数 );(机器上旋转的)叶片;桨叶;(船桨的)桨叶
参考例句:
  • the blades of a propeller 螺旋桨叶
  • Stay well away from the helicopter when its blades start to rotate. 直升机的螺旋桨开始转动时,尽量离远点儿。
9 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了当的
参考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他给我一支削得非常尖的铅笔。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通过对达茨伍德夫人提出直截了当的邀请向她的哥哥表示出来。
10 versions b17be6650251f2e6c7d4e90209beb4e0     
n.译本( version的名词复数 );版本;(个人对事件的)描述;(原物的)变体
参考例句:
  • There are two versions of the game, a long one and a short one. 这游戏有两个版本,一长一短。
  • When both versions of the story were collated,major discrepancies were found. 在将这个故事的两个版本对照后,找出了主要的不符之处。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 survival lrJw9     
n.留住生命,生存,残存,幸存者
参考例句:
  • The doctor told my wife I had a fifty-fifty chance of survival.医生告诉我的妻子,说我活下去的可能性只有50%。
  • The old man was a survival of a past age.这位老人是上一代的遗老。
12 automobiles 760a1b7b6ea4a07c12e5f64cc766962b     
n.汽车( automobile的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • When automobiles become popular,the use of the horse and buggy passed away. 汽车普及后,就不再使用马和马车了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Automobiles speed in an endless stream along the boulevard. 宽阔的林荫道上,汽车川流不息。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
13 adviser HznziU     
n.劝告者,顾问
参考例句:
  • They employed me as an adviser.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • Our department has engaged a foreign teacher as phonetic adviser.我们系已经聘请了一位外籍老师作为语音顾问。
14 honors 2c250cb8374a2f7f18ab42ccf1291801     
n.礼仪;荣典;礼节; 大学荣誉学位;大学优等成绩;尊敬( honor的名词复数 );敬意;荣誉;光荣
参考例句:
  • He aims at honors. 他力求名誉。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • We did the last honors to his remains. 我们向他的遗体告别。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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TAG标签:   美国英语听力  Sikorsky
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