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美国英语听力80篇3 Lesson56

时间:2011-04-01 03:47来源:互联网 提供网友:dr8201   字体: [ ]
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[00:05.75]Last month, scientists announced that they recorded the first detailed1 maps
[00:13.06]of the development of a child's brain between the ages of three and fifteen.
[00:19.98]Scientists at the University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine led the group of scientists.
[00:29.68]The study appeared in the magazine "Nature".
[00:34.01]The researchers say their study provides new information
[00:39.42]about what areas of the brain are used in learning2 at different ages.
[00:45.22]The scientists at the University of California invented a process
[00:52.17]that let them map brain growth in greater detail than ever before.
[00:57.31]They used a machine called an M-R-I to take a picture of the brain of each child in the study.
[01:06.14]Using a computer the scientists identified millions of areas of each brain.
[01:13.64]They took more pictures of each child's brain during the fouryear study.
[01:20.61]Then they mapped the changes in position as the brain developed.
[01:25.03]The scientists mainly observed growth in the area of complex nerve3 tissue4 called the corpus callosom,
[01:34.75]This area sends information between the two halves of the brain.
[01:40.28]They say they found that a child's brain experiences two main periods of growth.
[01:48.09]The first takes place between the ages of three and six.
[01:53.53]The greatest growth appears in an area of the corpus callosom in the front of the brain.
[02:00.76]This area is involved in learning new skills,planning and organizing new actions and working on an activity.
[02:09.78]The second period of brain growth takes place in the middle and back areas of the corpus callosom from age six to twelve.
[02:20.77]The most growth was in the areas of a child's brain involved in language skills and understanding relations in space.
[02:30.54]The scientists say it is during these quick growth periods that the brain is best able to learn.
[02:39.11]Scientists say the brain overproduces some cells when it grows.
[02:45.38]The new cells organize into networks based on the connections that are used in mental or physical activity.
[02:55.96]Cells and pathways used often form strong permanent connections.
[03:02.67]Those used least die out as the brain returns to its normal size.
[03:09.86]Scientists have known that such periods of growth and shrinkage happen before birth and in very early childhood.
[03:20.91]And, they knew that the brain network connections continued to change until about the age of five.
[03:29.97]But this study and two similar studies released5 late last year are the first to suggest the process continue to adulthood6.
[03:40.71]The scientists say their study may explain why the ability to learn new languages generally decreases after the age of twelve


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1 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
2 learning wpSzFe     
n.学问,学识,学习;动词learn的现在分词
参考例句:
  • When you are learning to ride a bicycle,you often fall off.初学骑自行车时,常会从车上掉下来。
  • Learning languages isn't just a matter of remembering words.学习语言不仅仅是记些单词的事。
3 nerve Q1lyX     
n.神经;勇气,胆量,沉着,果断
参考例句:
  • Did he have the nerve to say that?他竟有脸说这话吗?
  • He never got up enough nerve to meet me.他从没有足够的胆量来见我。
4 tissue bJmzs     
n.组织;薄纱,薄纸,手巾纸
参考例句:
  • As we age we lose muscle tissue.肌肉组织会随着我们日趋衰老而萎缩。
  • Athletes have hardly any fatty tissue.运动员几乎没有什么脂肪组织。
5 released 23690fd759f17135ec9879b56ff2600c     
v.释放( release的过去式和过去分词 );放开;发布;发行
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • With hindsight it is easy to say they should not have released him. 事后才说他们本不应该释放他,这倒容易。
6 adulthood vKsyr     
n.成年,成人期
参考例句:
  • Some infantile actions survive into adulthood.某些婴儿期的行为一直保持到成年期。
  • Few people nowadays are able to maintain friendships into adulthood.如今很少有人能将友谊维持到成年。
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