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名人轶事:Douglas MacArthur: Born to Be a Soldier

时间:2009-04-25 02:51来源:互联网 提供网友:starliu19800310   字体: [ ]
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Douglas MacArthur: Born to Be a SoldierWritten by Paul Thompson

(MUSIC)

ANNCR: Now, the VOA Special English program PEOPLE IN AMERICA. Today Rich

Kleinfeldt and Sarah Long tell about one of the most unusual and successful

American military leaders, General Douglas MacArthur.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

General Douglas MacArthur was a most unusual man. He was extremely intelligent

and very demanding. He expected his orders to be followed exactly. Yet he had

problems all his life following the orders of those who were his commanders.

Douglas MacArthur was very intelligent and could remember things that others

would easily forget. He could design battle plans that left the enemy no

choice other than surrender and defeat. His battle plans defeated the enemy

and saved as many of his own men as possible.

At other times, he would make simple mistakes that made him appear stupid. He

often said things that showed he felt important. Many people made jokes about

him. Some of his soldiers sang songs that made fun of him. Others believed he

was the best general ever to serve in the United States military.

General Douglas MacArthur was extremely brave in battle, sometimes almost

foolish. It often seemed as if he believed he could not be killed. He won

every medal and honor the United States can give a soldier. However, at the

end of his life, he rejected war and warned American political leaders to stay

away from armed conflict.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:
Douglas MacArthur was born to be a soldier. His father, Arthur MacArthur, was

a hero of the American Civil War and continued to serve in the army after the

war ended in eighteen sixty-five. He became the top officer of the army in

nineteen-oh-six.

Douglas was born on an Army base near the southern city of Little Rock,

Arkansas in January, eighteen eighty. He grew up on army bases where his

father served. He said the first sounds he could remember as a child were

those of the Army: the sounds of horns, drums and soldiers marching.

VOICE ONE:

There was never any question about what Douglas MacArthur would do with his

life. He would join the army. He wanted to enter the United States Military

Academy at West Point, New York. The Academy is a university that trains

officers for the United States Army. School officials rejected him two times

before he was accepted. He finished his four years at West Point as the best

student in his class.

VOICE TWO:

Douglas MacArthur began his service in the Army by traveling to several Asian

countries including Japan, and to the Philippines, then an American territory.

He also served at several small bases in the United States. He became a

colonel1 when World War One began. He led troops on very dangerous attacks

against the enemy. He won many honors for his bravery and leadership. After

that war, he served as head of the West Point Military Academy. He became a

general. During the nineteen thirties, President Herbert Hoover appointed him

Chief of Staff of the Army, one of the most important jobs in the American

military.

In nineteen-thirty-five, General MacArthur was appointed military advisor2 to

the Philippines. He was to help the government build an army for defense3

purposes as the Philippines began planning for independence. He had retired4

from the army. He was the chief military advisor to the Philippine military

forces when the United States entered World War Two in December, nineteen

forty-one.

VOICE ONE:

Japanese aggression5 in the Pacific developed very quickly. Japanese troops

began arriving in the Philippines on December eleventh, nineteen forty-one.

The fighting was extremely fierce.

President Roosevelt 

The Japanese were defeating the Philippine and American forces. General

MacArthur had been recalled to active duty by President . President Roosevelt

ordered MacArthur to leave the Philippines to command American forces in the

South Pacific. General MacArthur finally agreed to leave for Australia before

the Philippines surrendered to Japan. But he made a promise to the Philippine

people. He said, "I shall return."

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 colonel iWUyO     
n.(英国陆军、美国陆空军及海军陆战队)上校
参考例句:
  • It's a pity we didn't mend our fences with the colonel.可惜我们还没有和上校先生调整好关系。
  • An army major ranks between a captain and a colonel.陆军少校的军阶在上尉与中校之间。
2 advisor JKByk     
n.顾问,指导老师,劝告者
参考例句:
  • They employed me as an advisor.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • The professor is engaged as a technical advisor.这位教授被聘请为技术顾问。
3 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
4 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
5 aggression WKjyF     
n.进攻,侵略,侵犯,侵害
参考例句:
  • So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  • Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
6 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
7 allied iLtys     
adj.协约国的;同盟国的
参考例句:
  • Britain was allied with the United States many times in history.历史上英国曾多次与美国结盟。
  • Allied forces sustained heavy losses in the first few weeks of the campaign.同盟国在最初几周内遭受了巨大的损失。
8 dictator G9EyH     
n.独裁者,爱发号施令的人
参考例句:
  • We felt quite impotent to resist the will of the dictator.我们感到无力抗拒独裁者的意志。
  • A dictator must have a firm hand.独裁者的手段是很厉害的。
9 conservative jprzC     
adj.保守的,守旧的;n.保守的人,保守派
参考例句:
  • He is a conservative member of the church.他是一个守旧教会教友。
  • The young man is very conservative.这个年轻人很守旧。
10 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
11 allies 0315fa8e6410a54cc80a4eb2babcda27     
联盟国,同盟者; 同盟国,同盟者( ally的名词复数 ); 支持者; 盟军
参考例句:
  • The allies would fear that they were pawns in a superpower condominium. 这个联盟担心他们会成为超级大国共管的牺牲品。
  • A number of the United States' allies had urged him not to take a hasty decision. 美国的一些盟友已力劝他不要急于作决定。
12 advisers d4866a794d72d2a666da4e4803fdbf2e     
顾问,劝告者( adviser的名词复数 ); (指导大学新生学科问题等的)指导教授
参考例句:
  • a member of the President's favoured circle of advisers 总统宠爱的顾问班子中的一员
  • She withdrew to confer with her advisers before announcing a decision. 她先去请教顾问然后再宣布决定。
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TAG标签:   名人轶事  Douglas  MacArthur  Born  So
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