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新概念英语第二册Lesson 68 Persistent

时间:2006-07-09 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:xiayimiao2007   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 68 Persistent1 纠缠不休 

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Why did Elizabeth tell Nigel that she was going to the dentist?
   
I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw me and came running towards me. It was no use pretending2 that I had not seen him, so I waved to him. I never enjoy meeting Nigel Dykes3. He never has anything to do. No matter how busy you are, he always insists on coming with you. I had to think of a way of preventing him from following me around all morning.
'Hello, Nigel,' I said. 'Fancy4 meeting you here!'
'Hi, Elizabeth,' Nigel answered. 'I was just wondering how to spend the morning -- until I saw you. You're not busy doing anything, are you?'
'No, not at all,' I answered. 'I'm going to...'
'Would you mind my coming with you?' he asked, before I had finished speaking.
'Not at all,' I lied, 'but I'm going to the dentist.'
'Then I'll come with you,' he answered. 'There's always plenty to read in the waiting room!

New words and expressions 生词和短语 

persistent adj. 坚持的,固执的
avoid v. 避开
insist v. 坚持做

参考译文 

我穿过马路以便避开他,但他看到我并朝我跑过来。若再装作没看见他已是没有用了,我只好向他招手。我就怕遇到奈杰尔.戴克斯。他从来都是无事可做,不管你多忙,他总是坚持要跟你去。我得想办法不让他整个上午缠着我。
“你好,奈杰尔,想不到在这儿见到你。”我说。
“你好,伊丽莎白,”奈杰尔回答说,“我正不知道怎么消磨这一上午呢,正好见到你。你不忙,是吗?”
“不,不忙,我打算去......”我回答。
“我跟你一道去行吗?”没等我说完话他就问道。
“没关系,但我准备去牙医那里。”我说了个谎。
“那我也跟你去,候诊室里总有很多东西可供阅读!”他回答。

 

  自学导读
1.I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw me and came running towards me. 我穿过马路以便避开他,但他看到我并朝我跑过来。
(1)avoid 以及本课中出现的 enjoy, fancy, mind, finish等动词后面只跟名词性的宾语,即只跟名词或动名词:
They managed to avoid a car crash/crashing their car into the wall.
他们设法躲过了一起汽车撞车事故/避免了将车撞在墙上。
(2)running 引导的是分词短语,作状语,修饰 came,表示伴随状况:
She ran after the thief shouting out for help.
她一边追赶小偷,一边大声喊叫求助。
2.It was no use pretending that I had not seen him…若再装做没看见他已是没有用了……
这句话中,it是先行主语,真正的主语是 pretending 引导的动名词短语。It is (of) no use doing…是个固定结构(其中的 of可省略),表示“做……也是徒劳的/无益的”:
It is (of) no use worrying about your family.
为你的家人担心是无益的。
3.No matter how busy you are…不管你多忙……
no matter可与疑问词 (how, who, when, where, what等)一起引导让步从句,表示“无论”:
No matter where you go, you can't forget your home.
无论你到哪里,都无法忘记自己的家。
No matter what I say, I seem to say the wrong thing.
无论我说什么,都似乎说得不当。
4.I had to think of a way of preventing him from following me around all morning. 我得想办法不让他整个上午缠着我。
think of在这里的含义是“想出”, way在这里表示“办法”, a way of后面的部分用于修饰 way。prevent表示“阻止/制止”时其常用结构为 prevent sb. from doing sth., from可以省略:
I can't prevent you from going if you want to.
你如果想去,我无法阻止。
5.You're not busy doing anything, are you? 你不忙,是吧?
这是一个附加疑问句,又称反意疑问句,是由陈述句后面加简略疑问句构成。陈述句如果是肯定的,则附加疑问句通常用否定形式;陈述句如果是否定的,则附加的疑问句用肯定形式。陈述句中有助动词时,附加疑问句重复其中的助动词;如果没有,则用do的各种形式构成:
John was angry, wasn't he?
约翰生气了,不是吗?(肯定式+否定式)
He hasn't left, has he?
他没走,是吗?(否定式+肯定式)
I can see him, can't I?
我可以见他,不是吗?(情态助动词作助动词)
You like it, don't you?
你喜欢它,不是吗?(没有助动词时加do)
6.Would you mind my coming with you? 我跟你一道去行吗?
(1)Would/ Do you mind…? 是一个用来表示客气的请求或征求意见的结构,其中可以用if引导的从句或动名词结构。表示“同意/不介意”时,用“No, not at all”或“Certainly not”来回答;不同意时往往用一些委婉的说法,如“ I'm sorry, but…”等回答,不用“yes, I do”:
(2)如果动名词的动作执行者与句子的主语不一致时,它前面可以加所有格形容词或宾格代词,作为动名词的逻辑主语(cf. 本课语法):
I hope you won't mind my staying here.
我希望你不介意我呆在这儿。


  语法 Grammar in use
动名词的一些用法
(1)在第20课的语法中,我们学习了动名词的基本形式和作用,在第44课的语法中,我们学习了动名词用于某些短语动词
(look forward to, be used to等)之后、一些表示喜好的动词(hate, love, prefer等)之后不定式与动名词的区别以及 need 和want之后动名词的用法等:
I like watching TV.
我喜欢看电视。(一般行为)
I'd like to watch TV.
我(现在)想看电视。(特定)
The strap5 needs mending.
这提包带需要修理。(动名词在这里有被动的含义)
(2)有些动词后可以用动名词作宾语,但不能用不定式。这些动词包括 avoid, admit, deny6, fancy, finish, enjoy, mind(在乎,在意),suggest, stand(容忍)等:
I tried to avoid meeting him.
我试图避开他。
I never enjoy meeting Nigel Dykes.
我就怕遇到奈杰尔·戴克斯。
I haven't finished speaking yet.
我还没有说完。
(3)有些结构通常要接动名词,如 busy, worth, it is no/little use, bored with, interested in, insist on, prevent…from等:
I'm busy making meat pies.
我正忙着做肉馅饼。
A Lancaster bomber7 in reasonable condition is worth rescuing.
一架状况尚好的兰开斯特轰炸机值得抢救。
He insisted on paying.
他坚持要付钱。
I'm interested in acting8.
我对表演感兴趣。
(4)动名词可以有自己的逻辑主语(即动作执行者,而不是句子的主语):
He insisted on my paying the bill.
他坚持要我付账。
I don't think the children enjoy your/his/John's singing.
我不认为孩子们喜欢你/他/约翰唱的歌。
Please excuse his not writing to you.
请原谅他没有给你写信。
Do you mind my smoking9?
我可以抽烟吗?
Do you mind opening/my opening the door?
你/我可以开门吗?
(5)come和go之后可以跟与户外活动相关的动名词(climbing, driving, fishing, riding, shopping, walking等),表示建议、邀请或叙事:
Why don't we go swimming?
为什么我们不去游泳呢?
Come dancing this evening.
今晚来跳舞吧。
Yesterday we went fishing.
昨天我们去钓鱼了。
(6)感知动词(hear, see, feel, watch等)后面既可以跟宾语加分词结构,也可以跟宾语加不带to的不定式。现在分词往往强调动作正在发生,用于叙述中时使人身临其境;不定式则可以表示动作发生了或过程结束了。有时它们之间的区别不大,可以互相替换使用。试比较:
I watched him climb/climbing the tree.
我看到他爬树了。(区别不大)


  词汇学习 Word study
1.fancy vt.
(1)设想,想像:
Fancy meeting you here!
想不到在这儿见到你!
Fancy Ian not knowing the answer to such an easy question!
真想不到伊恩竟会不知道如何回答这样一个简单的问题!
(2)想要,喜欢(往往用于指个人爱好):
I don't fancy going for a walk in the rain.
我不爱在雨中散步。
It's a fine day and I fancy driving down to the coast.
天气真好,我想开车去海边。
2.insist vt.,vi.
(1)坚持,坚决认为:
He insisted that he was right.
他坚持他是对的。
He insists on the importance of the meeting.
他强调这个会议的重要性。
(2)坚决主张/要求,一定要:
I insist on speaking to the manager.
我坚决要求/一定要与经理谈话。
My wife insists that I (should) have my hair cut.
我妻子执意要我理发。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案
C (sample sentences)
1 It's no use trying to reason with him.
2 Let's go swimming.
3 Forgive my interrupting10 you.
4 Do you deny having taken/taking the money?
5 He came rushing towards me.
6 I'm busy writing letters.
7 I always enjoy going to the cinema.
8 Would you mind closing the door, please?
2.多项选择题答案
1b  2b  3c  4d  5b  6b
7b  8c  9c  10 c  11a  12a


New words and expressions】 生词和短语
  ★persistent adj. 坚持的,固执的
You are stubborn11.
persist:坚持(不顾阻拦一味的坚持)persist in doing sth.
insist:坚持(认为、说、是人的一种态度) insist on doing sth.
perseverance:坚持不懈(褒义)      persevere12 in
★avoid v. 避开
avoid doing sth.
★insist v. 坚持做


  【课文讲解】
avoid meeting
cross:(v.)穿过
across:(adv./prep)穿过
came running 向我跑过来
go shopping,go swimming,go skating
it is no use doing...做某件事情是没有用处的
It is no use crying over the spilled millk.
enjoy doing
like,love,enjoy,appreciate
用不定式做定语,修饰anything
insists on coming
No matter :无论+从句(要以特殊疑问词引导)
No matter how busy you are.
I had to think of a way of preventing
think of a way of doing :想一个作某事的方法
prevent do from doing sth :让某人不做某事
stop sb.from doing sth ;让某人不做某事
keep sb.from doing sth.
forbid sb.to do sth.
Fancy meeting you here? 真想不到会在这里见到你!
fancy = imagine
fancy + 名词——表示惊讶
不定式的复合结构,做宾语从句
be busy doing:忙着做某事
反意疑问句的回答,根据事实回答
finish doing
complete doing
Would you mind my coming with you?
mind + v.-ing
for sb.--逻辑主语
my --形容词性物主代词
如果是名词,就变成名词所有格
Would you mind my parents' having dinner with me?
Would you mind me opening the door?
mind+v.-ing
-ing 的逻辑主语,是四种形式,分两大类:
1.作为代词,可以用人称代词的宾格,又可以用形容词性物主代词。
2.作为名词,可以保持本身不变,也可以变成名词所有格
my---me 可以互换
Would you mind my/me smoking?
Would you mind me making myself at Home?


  【语法精粹】
4.动名词复合结构:由名词所有格或物主代词与动名词构成
His leaving is a great loss13.
他的离去是一个很大的损失
Mother dislikes my (me)working late.
妈妈不喜欢我工作很迟
John's having seen her did not make her worried.
约翰已经见到她的事实,没有让她感到担心
注:动名词复合结构多作主语或宾语,作主语是必须是所有格,(名词所有格、形容词性物主代词)。但作宾语时可以用所有格,也可用普通格
-ing前面出现逻辑,这个逻辑主语可以出现四种情况:
作代词:形容词性物主代词,人称代词宾格
作名词:名词所有格,普通格
那些词后面可以接动词-ing
介词,某些动词(avoid,enjoy,finish,it is no use,prevent sb.from,fancy,imagine,escape,risk,allow);


语法精粹:
3)宾语:下列动词须跟动名词作宾语:
admit,deny,appreciate,enjoy,avoid,complete,delay,fancy,finish,mind,practice,risk,suggest,allow,permit...
practice(n.)practise(v.)
advice(n.)advise(vt.) advise sb.to do/advise doing
insist on doing,persist in doing,persevere in doing
give up doing
特注:
以allow为列:allow+doing sth.(动名词作宾语),但可以:allow sb.to do sth.(不定式作宾语)
这类动词常见如:advise,allow,permit,recommend,etc.
Structure14:
6...b...
insist on
insist + 从句(should +原形)
10...c
salute15 :问候(军人向长官的)行军礼,敬礼
greet:问候
12...a...
lie to:向某人撒谎
false:假的
lie:谎言 What she said was a lie.
9...c...
as if :似乎,好像
make :制造,做
do as if (不这么用)
act as if
conduct as if (conduct+oneself:表现)
Summary writing:
Even though
When because
Composition
1...
As(因为)...whom(引导定语从句)...in order to (目的状语)
As there was a dentist nearby whow she knew well Elizabeth decided16 to go there in order to explain what had happened.
2....
While(时间)...and(并列的两个句子)
3...
After...and asked Nigel if...(间接引语)
After Elizabeth left,the dentist went into the waiting room and asked Nigel if he wanted to have his teeth ezamined.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 persistent BSUzg     
adj.坚持不懈的,执意的;持续的
参考例句:
  • Albert had a persistent headache that lasted for three days.艾伯特连续头痛了三天。
  • She felt embarrassed by his persistent attentions.他不时地向她大献殷勤,使她很难为情。
2 pretending 26a648f443b5c43f09bbc9ec3f1a2fcd     
v.假装( pretend的现在分词 );伪装;(尤指儿童)(在游戏中)装扮;自诩
参考例句:
  • He deceived her by pretending to be a famous movie star. 他冒充著名电影明星来骗她。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • "We have a mission to perform. Quit pretending." cried he angrily. 他生气地高喊一声:“我们有任务, 别装蒜。” 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
3 dykes 47cc5ebe9e62cd1c065e797efec57dde     
abbr.diagonal wire cutters 斜线切割机n.堤( dyke的名词复数 );坝;堰;沟
参考例句:
  • They built dykes and dam to hold back the rising flood waters. 他们修筑了堤坝来阻挡上涨的洪水。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The dykes were built as a protection against the sea. 建筑堤坝是为了防止海水泛滥。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 fancy Pl2yl     
n.想像力,幻想;喜好,爱;adj.想像的,时髦的,华丽装饰的,奢侈的;技巧的;vt.想象,自认为,喜好
参考例句:
  • He seemed to have taken quite a fancy to her.他似乎相当喜欢她。
  • I have a fancy that it's going to rain.我想大概要下雨。
5 strap 5GhzK     
n.皮带,带子;v.用带扣住,束牢;用绷带包扎
参考例句:
  • She held onto a strap to steady herself.她抓住拉手吊带以便站稳。
  • The nurse will strap up your wound.护士会绑扎你的伤口。
6 deny pm8z6     
vt.否定,否认;拒绝相信,拒绝接受,拒绝给予;vi.否定,拒绝
参考例句:
  • Don't imagine you can deny that.你休想低赖。
  • He didn't deny the facts.他没有否认这些事实。
7 bomber vWwz7     
n.轰炸机,投弹手,投掷炸弹者
参考例句:
  • He flew a bomber during the war.他在战时驾驶轰炸机。
  • Detectives hunting the London bombers will be keen to interview him.追查伦敦爆炸案凶犯的侦探们急于对他进行讯问。
8 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
9 smoking NilzKh     
n.吸烟,抽烟;冒烟
参考例句:
  • He was wise to give up smoking.他戒烟是明智的。
  • He has decided to cut out smoking and drinking.他已决心戒烟、戒酒。
10 interrupting 7825605240d516fa689b5c8c08013530     
v.打断( interrupt的现在分词 );暂停;中断;阻断
参考例句:
  • You must break your bad habit of interrupting a speaker. 你必须改掉打断别人讲话的坏习惯。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Pardon me for interrupting. 对不起打断一下。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 stubborn VGHzT     
adj.难以移动,去除的,固执的,顽固的
参考例句:
  • I can not cope with that boy;he is stubborn.我对付不了那个孩子,他很固执。
  • When he's in his stubborn mood,he isn't easily talked round.他那股牛劲上来了,一时不容易说服。
12 persevere MMCxH     
v.坚持,坚忍,不屈不挠
参考例句:
  • They are determined to persevere in the fight.他们决心坚持战斗。
  • It is strength of character enabled him to persevere.他那坚强的性格使他能够坚持不懈。
13 loss s0vxZ     
n.损失,遗失,失败,输,浪费,错过,[军]伤亡,降低
参考例句:
  • His death was a great loss to the country.他的逝世对这个国家是一大损失。
  • Because of the continued loss,the factory closed down.由于连续亏损,工厂关闭了。
14 structure PtNw5     
n.结构,构造,建筑物;v.构成;
参考例句:
  • Doctors study the structure of the human body.医生研究人体构造。
  • A flower has quite a complicated structure.一朵花的结构相当复杂。
15 salute rYzx4     
vi.行礼,致意,问候,放礼炮;vt.向…致意,迎接,赞扬;n.招呼,敬礼,礼炮
参考例句:
  • Merchant ships salute each other by dipping the flag.商船互相点旗致敬。
  • The Japanese women salute the people with formal bows in welcome.这些日本妇女以正式的鞠躬向人们施礼以示欢迎。
16 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
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