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新概念英语第二册Lesson 70 Red for danger

时间:2006-07-09 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:xiayimiao2007   字体: [ ]
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Lesson 70 Red for danger 危险的红色 

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
How was the drunk removed from the ring?
   
During a bullfight, a drunk suddenly wandered into the middle of the ring. The crowd began to shout, but the drunk was unaware2 of the danger. The bull1 was busy with the matador3 at the time, but it suddenly caught sight of the drunk who was shouting rude remarks and waving a red cap. Apparently4 sensitive to criticism, the bull forgot all about the matador and charged at the drunk. The crowd suddenly grew quiet. The drunk, however, seemed quite sure of himself. When the bull got close to him, he clumsily stepped aside to let it pass. The crowd broke into cheers and the drunk bowed. By this time, however, three men had come into the ring and they quickly dragged the drunk to safety. Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him, for it looked on sympathetically until the drunk was out of the way before once more turning its attention to the matador.

New words and expressions 生词和短语 

bullfight n. 斗牛
drunk n. 醉汉
wander v. 溜达,乱走
ring n. 圆形竞技场地
unaware adj. 不知道的,未觉察的
bull n. 公牛
matador n. 斗牛士
remark n. 评论;言语
apparently adv. 明显地
sensitive adj. 敏感的
criticism n. 批评
charge v. 冲上去
clumsily adv. 笨拙地
bow v. 鞠躬
safety n. 安全地带
sympathetically adv. 同情地

参考译文

在一次斗牛时,一个醉汉突然溜达到斗牛场中间,人们开始大叫起来,但醉汉却没有意识到危险。当时那公牛正忙于对付斗牛士,但突然它看见了醉汉,只见他正大声说着粗鲁的话,手里挥动着一顶红帽子。对挑衅显然非常敏感的公牛完全撇开斗牛士,直奔醉汉而来。观众突然静了下来,可这醉汉像是很有把握似的。当公牛逼近他时,他踉跄地住旁边一闪,牛扑空了。观众欢呼起来,醉汉向人们鞠躬致谢。然而,此时已有3个人进入斗牛场,迅速把醉汉拉到安全的地方。好像连牛也在为他感到遗憾,因为它一直同情地看着醉汉,直到他的背影消逝,才重新将注意力转向斗牛士。
 

 

  自学导读
1.…the drunk was unaware of the danger.……醉汉没有意识到危险。
While she read the book, she was unaware of the noise around her.
她看那本书时没有觉察到周围的噪音。
I was unaware that you were coming.
我不知道你要来。
2.it suddenly caught sight of the drunk,突然它看见了醉汉。
catch sight of是个固定短语,意为“看见”、“发现”:
As I came out of the shop, I caught sight of Dan in the crowd.
当我从商店里出来时,我在人群中看到了丹。
3.sensitive to criticism,对挑衅/批评敏感。
sensitive表示“敏感的”、“神经过敏的”、“易生气的”或“介意的”等,通常与to+名词连用,也可作定语:
Mary is sensitive to smells.
玛丽对气味很敏感。
Mary has a sensitive ear.
玛丽的耳朵很灵敏。
You're too sensitive.
你太敏感了(太容易生气了)。
4.The drunk, however, seemed quite sure of himself.可这醉汉像是很有把握似的。
be/ feel sure of oneself 表示“有自信心”:
She's always so sure of herself.
她总是这么自信。
5.The crowd broke into cheers…观众欢呼起来……
break into 的含义之一是“突然发出/做出”、“突然……起来”,有控制不住的含义:
On hearing the news, she broke into tears.
听到消息后,她大哭起来。
When Sally saw the woman wearing a hat that looked like a lighthouse, she broke into laughter.
当萨莉看到那妇女戴着一顶像灯塔一样的帽子时,她大笑起来。
6.Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him, for it looked on sympathetically until the drunk was out of the way before once more turning its attention to the matador. 好像连牛也在为他感到遗憾,因为它一直同情地看着醉汉,直到他的背影消逝,才重新将注意力转向斗牛士。
这个句子很长。for引导的句子与它前面的分句为并列句。for引导的分句中有两个时间状语,一是until引导的从句,二是before引导的动名词短语,其作用也相当于一个从句,由于主语也是it,用动名词形式更简洁些。
(1)look on可以表示“观看”、“旁观”:
Mary people just looked on while the two men robbed a woman.
当那两个人抢劫一位妇女时,许多人只是旁观。
(2)out of the way为固定短语,可以表示“不挡道”、“不碍事”:
While making meat pies, I always order the children to keep out of the way.
我做肉馅饼时,总是命令孩子们不要碍事。


  语法 Grammar in use
与 for, with, of, to, at, from, in, on和 about连用的形容词
在第22课与第46课的语法中,我们学习了与of, from, in, on, to, at, for和with连用的动词,知道许多动词都有固定搭配的方式(如believe in, borrow from, occur to, account for 等)。另外,许多动词可以与不同的介词搭配(如 dream of/about, look at/for/after等)。与动词的情况相似,形容词大部分也有与自己固定搭配的介词,并且有些形容词也可以与不同的介词搭配。
(1)与 for连用的形容词(包括eager, enough, ready, sorry, famous等):
My aunt is famous for her beauty.
我姑姑因貌美而驰名。
Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him.
甚至连牛好像也在为他感到遗憾。
I'm ready for the journey.
我已做好旅行的准备。
We have enough apples for the children.
我们有足够给孩子们吃的苹果。
They were eager for the performance to begin.
他们热切地等待演出开始。
(2)与with连用的形容词(包括angry, busy, content, popular 等):
The bull was busy with the matador at the time.
当时那公牛正忙于对付斗牛士。
Why was Mary angry with you?
玛丽为何生你的气?
She wasn't content with her life.
她对自己的生活不满。
Uncle Sam is always popular with children.
萨姆叔叔总是很受孩子们的欢迎。
(3)与of连用的形容词(包括afraid, aware, unaware, careful, certain, kind, north, south, east, west, short, shy, sure等):
The drunk was unaware of the danger.
醉汉没有意识到危险。
Wallis Island is a long way west of Samoa.
瓦立斯岛位于萨摩亚群岛以西很远的地方。
I used to be afraid of ghosts.
我以前很怕鬼。
The drunk seemed quite sure of himself.
醉汉像是很有把握似的。
It's very kind of you to come to the wedding.
非常感谢您来参加婚礼。
She is careful of her dress.
她注意衣着。
Are you certain of his coming?
你确信他会来吗?
I was short of money at that time.
那时我正缺钱。
(4)与to连用的形容词(包括close, cruel, dear, new, obvious, polite, sensitive, rude, useful, similar等):
Most people are sensitive to criticism.
大部分人对别人的批评很敏感。
He was never rude to his parents.
他对父母总是以礼相待。
I can't understand why he was so cruel to his brother/good to that dog/polite to you.
我无法理解他为何对他兄弟如此残忍/对那条狗那么好/对你如此客气。
Though the bicycle is old, it is very dear to me.
虽然这辆自行车破旧,但我很珍视它。
All these words are new to me.
所有这些单词我都是第一次遇到。
Our house is close to a river.
我们家紧挨着一条河。
It's obvious to everyone that he's lying.
大家都清楚他在撒谎。
These books are useful to/for foreign students.
这些书对外国学生有用。
My car is similar to yours.
我的车与你的车相似。
(5)与at连用的形容词(包括good, bad, clever, expert, quick, slow等):
Jane is good/bad at swimming.
简擅长/不擅长游泳。
George is expert at/in flying a plane.
乔治驾驶飞机的技术高超。
Sally is not/very clever at mathematics, but she's clever at making dresses.
萨莉不是很擅长数学,但她擅长做衣服。
Tom is quick/slow at learning new things.
汤姆学新东西学得快/慢。
(6)与 from连用的形容词(包括away, different, far, safe等):
It was very different from modern car races but no less exciting.
它虽然与现代汽车大赛不大相同,但激动人心的程度并不亚于现代汽车大赛。
While you're away from home, I'll look after the children.
你不在家时,我会照顾孩子的。
The lake is far from London.
这湖离伦敦很远。
The man was far from comfortable while being confined to the wooden box.
那人被闷在木箱里时一点儿也不舒服。
The village is safe from floods.
这个村子没有遭洪水袭击的危险。
(7)与in连用的形容词(包括 fortunate, honest, weak等):
You're fortunate in having a house of your own.
你很幸运,有自己的房子。
Frank is honest in business.
弗兰克做生意老实。
I'm weak in/at chemics.
我化学较差。
(8)与on连用的形容词(包括dependent, intent5, keen等):
She was keen on tennis.
她热衷于打网球。
You shouldn't be so intent on making money.
你不应当如此一心只想赚钱。
Are you still dependent on your father?
你还靠你父亲生活吗?
(9)与about连用的形容词(包括 curious, doubtful, right, uneasy6 等):
She is uneasy about her future.
她为自己的前途担心。
He was curious about the strange noise.
她对那奇怪的响声好奇。
I'm doubtful about/of his words.
我对他的话怀疑。


  词汇学习 Word study
1.charge
(1)vt., vi.要价,收费:
They charged us too much for repairs.
他们向我们要的修理费太多了。
How much do you charge for this dress?
这件衣服要多少钱?
(2)vt.指控,指责:
The police charged him with murder.
警方指控他犯了谋杀罪。
He charged Gary with speeding.
他指责/指控加里驾车超速。
(3)vt.,vi.猛攻,冲向,冲锋,向前冲:
The bull charged at the drunk.
公牛直奔醉汉而来。
Suddenly a dog barked and charged out of the house.
突然,一条狗狂吠着从那所房子里冲了出来。
2.bow
(1)vi.,vt.鞠躬,欠身,低下(头等):
The crowd broke into cheers and the drunk bowed.
观众欢呼起来,醉汉向人们鞠躬致谢。
The beggar bowed his thanks when people gave him money.
当人们给他钱时,那乞丐便欠身致谢。
As she couldn't answer the question, she bowed her head.
她因为不会回答这个问题,便低下了头。
(2)vi. 让步,屈服,服从:
Why did you bow to their decision?
你们为什么服从他们的决定?
He finally bowed before money and married the other girl.
他最终屈从于金钱的力量,娶了另一位姑娘。
(3)vt. 压弯,压倒:
My mother is bowed with age.
我母亲因年老而腰弯背驼。
The little tree is bowed with snow.
大雪压弯了那棵小树。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案
A unaware of(1.2); busy with(1.3); sensitive to(1.5); sure of(1.7); close to(1.8); sorry for(1.10)
B 1 of                  2 in…at                 3 in…for
4 to…about          5 with…on             6 at…with
7 to…for              8 in                       9 to…to
10 of                   11 on                     12 for
13 from               14 at…of               15 on…about/of
16 for…with        17 at                      18 of
19 to…to             20 with                  21 to
22 of                   23 of                     24 to
25 for
2.多项选择题答案
1d  2b  3c  4c  5d  6b
7c  8a  9c  10d  11d  12c


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 bull jshzd     
n.公牛,买进证券投机图利者,看涨的人
参考例句:
  • It's only a hair off a bull's back to them.这对他们来说,不过九牛一毛。
  • Many dogs closed around the bull.很多狗渐渐地把那只牛围了起来。
2 unaware Pl6w0     
a.不知道的,未意识到的
参考例句:
  • They were unaware that war was near. 他们不知道战争即将爆发。
  • I was unaware of the man's presence. 我没有察觉到那人在场。
3 matador BBRxD     
n.斗牛士
参考例句:
  • The matador and bull performed wonderfully in the ring.斗牛士和公牛在斗牛场中进行阗精彩的表演。
  • The matador had a narrow escape.这个斗牛士真是死里逃生。
4 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
5 intent 15yxc     
adj.急切的,专心的,专注的;n.意图,意向
参考例句:
  • He was intent on the job he was doing.他专心致志于正在做的工作。
  • His plan is incompatible with my intent.他的计划与我的意图不相符。
6 uneasy 8kDwf     
adj.心神不安的,担心的,令人不安的
参考例句:
  • He feels uneasy today.他今天心里感到不安。
  • She had an uneasy feeling that they were still following her.她有一种他们仍在跟踪她的不安感觉。
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