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新概念英语第二册Lesson 73 The record-holder

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Lesson 73 The record-holder 纪录保持者

First listen and then answer the question.
听录音,然后回答以下问题。
Did the boy go where he wanted to?
   
Children who play truant1 from school are unimaginative. A quiet day's fishing, or eight hours in a cinema seeing the same film over and over again, is usually as far as they get. They have all been put to shame by a boy who, while playing truant, travelled 1,600 miles. He hitchhiked to Dover and, towards evening, went into a boat to find somewhere to sleep. When he woke up next morning, he discovered that the boat had, in the meantime3, travelled to Calais. No one noticed the boy as he crept4 off. From there, he hitchhiked to Paris in a lorry. The driver gave him a few biscuits and a cup of coffee and left him just outside the city. The next car the boy stopped did not take him into the centre of Paris as he hoped it would, but to Perpignan on the French-Spanish border. There he was picked up by a policeman and sent back to England by the local authorities5. He has surely set up a record for the thousands of children who dream of evading6 school.

New words and expressions 生词和短语 

record-holder 纪录保持者
truant n. 逃学的孩子
unimaginative adj. 缺乏想像力的
shame n. 惭愧,羞耻
hitchhike v. 搭便车旅行
meantime n. 其间
lorry n. 卡车
border n. 边界
evade7 v. 逃避,逃离

参考译文

逃学的孩子们都缺乏想像力。他们通常能够做到的,至多也就是安静地钓上一天鱼,或在电影院里坐上8个小时,一遍遍地看同一部电影。而有那么一个小男孩,他在逃学期间旅行了1,600英里,从而使上述所有逃学的孩子们都相形见绌了。他搭便车到了丹佛,天快黑时钻进了一条船,想找个地方睡觉。第二天早上他醒来时,发现船在这段时间已经到了加。当男孩从船里爬出来时,谁也没有发现他。从那里他又搭上卡车到了巴黎。司机给了他几块饼干和一杯咖啡,就把他丢在了城外。男孩截住的下一辆车,没有像他希望的那样把他带到巴黎市中心,而是把他带到了法国和西班牙边界上的佩皮尼昂。他在那儿被一个警察抓住了,之后被当局送回了英国。他无疑为成千上万梦想逃避上学的孩子们创造了一项纪录。

 

  自学导读
1.Children who play truant from school are unimaginative. 逃学
的孩子们都缺乏想像力。
(1)play truant from school表示“逃学”,上下文清楚时也可以省略 from school,直接说 play truant. truant也可以单用,表示“逃学者”。
As a boy, Tom used to play truant (from school).
汤姆小时候常逃学。
The three boys who are fishing over there are truants8 and ought to be sent back to school.
那边那3个钓鱼的孩子都是逃学者,应当被送回学校。
(2)unimaginative的反义词为imaginative2(富于想像力的,爱想像
的):
Painters should be imaginative.
画家应当富于想像力。
He is an imaginative painter.
他是位富有想像力的画家。
2.A quiet day's fishing, or eight hours in a cinema seeing the same film over and over again, is usually as far as they get. 他们通常
能够做到的, 至多也就是安静地钓上一天鱼,或在电影院里坐上8个小时,一遍遍地看同一部电影。
(1)这句话的主语是is前面的两个并列短语。第1个短语的主要
成分是动名词fishing,第2个短语的主要成分可以看做是eight hours(作为一个时间总量,它后面要跟动词单数形式)。
它实际上是省略了动名词 sitting for(eight hours),seeing引
导的为分词短语,表示伴随动作。
(2)over and over again为固定短语,表示“一再地”、“反复许多次
地”:
As my grandmother can't hear very well, I had to say it over and over again.
由于我奶奶听力不大好,我不得不反复说好几遍。
(3)as far as在这里表示“到……程度”、“就……而言”,是连词,与
距离没有关系:
As for as I know, his operation is successful.
就我所知,他的手术是成功的。
3.put…to shame,使……蒙羞,使……相形见绌。
What he has done put his parents to shame.
他的所作所为使他的父母感到羞耻。
He saved the child at the risk of his own life and put all those who looked on to shame.
他冒着生命危险救了那个孩子,使所有旁观者都相形见绌。
4.in the meantime,在此期间(相当于meanwhile)。
I feel tired and would like to take a nap9. In the meantime, you may do some reading.
我觉得累了,想打个盹儿。在此期间,你可以看看书。
5.The next car the boy stopped did not take him into the centre of Paris as he hoped it would, but to Perpignan on the French- Spanish border.男孩截住的下一辆车,没有像他希望的那样把他带到巴黎市中心,而是把他带到了法国和西班牙边界上的佩皮尼昂。
这个句子的主语是 The next car,谓语动词是take, into和but to引导的是两个并列状语。the boy stopped为 car的关系从
句,前面省略了作宾语的关系代词 which/that; as he hoped it would则为方式状语从句。
6.There he was picked up by a policeman…他在那儿被一个警
察抓住了……
Pick up的含义之一是“逮捕”、“拘捕”:
After the accident, he was picked up by the police.
事故之后,他被警方拘捕了。


  词汇学习 Word study
1. creep10 vi.
(1)爬行,匐匍,(像爬行似地)慢慢前进:
A snake crept into the garden while she was writing a letter.
她写信时,一条蛇爬进了花园。
The old car crept along the country road.
那辆旧车在乡间小路上慢慢行驶。
(2)悄悄地/蹑手蹑脚地走;渐渐产生/出现:
We crept upstairs so as not to wake Grandpa.
为了不吵醒爷爷,我们蹑手蹑脚地上了楼。
He noticed that age had crept on him.
他发觉自己慢慢老了。
2.evade vt.
(1)(巧妙地)逃脱,躲开:
They ran after the thief quickly, but the thief managed to evade them.
他们迅速追赶小偷,但小偷设法逃脱了。
She evaded11 a blow from the man and then called out for help.
她躲开了那人的一拳,然后便大声呼救。
(2)回避,逃避(尤指不当地):
He always tries to evade paying taxes.
他总是试图逃税。
Many children dream of evading school.
许多孩子梦想逃避上学。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
1.关键句型练习答案
A who(1.1); or (1.2); as far as (1.3); who(1.4); while (1.4); and(1.5); When(1.6); as(1.8); and(1.9); and (1.9); as(1.10); but(1.10); and(1.11); wno(1.12)
C 1 The climbers not only reached the top of the mountain, but(they)spent the night there as well.
2 When a fire broke out in a cinema, several hundred people tried to leave the building and a number of them were injured.
3 James Sullivan, whose book on the Antarctic12 was published recently, will give a lecture at the local library next week.
4 Although the police searched everywhere, neither the missing13 boy nor his dog could be found.
5 In spite14 of the fact that fares have increased, the railway company is still losing money because the employees have demanded higher wages.
6 He gave me such a fright that I knocked the teapot over.
7 After making sure that the alarm clock worked, I set it so that it would ring at six o'clock.
8 I hid the Christmas presents under the desk quickly so that my young daughter would not see them when she entered the room
9 Refusing the offer, I explained that I had already been offered a job by another company.
10 He fought the wolves off for three hours before help arrived.
2.多项选择题答案
1 c  2a  3d  4a  5c  6d
7a  8d  9a  10a  11d  12b


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 truant zG4yW     
n.懒惰鬼,旷课者;adj.偷懒的,旷课的,游荡的;v.偷懒,旷课
参考例句:
  • I found the truant throwing stones in the river.我发现那个逃课的学生在往河里扔石子。
  • Children who play truant from school are unimaginative.逃学的孩子们都缺乏想像力。
2 imaginative qa3xq     
adj.富有想象力的,爱想象的
参考例句:
  • The imaginative child made up fairy stories.这个想像力丰富的孩子自己编神话故事。
  • Scott was an imaginative writer.司格特是位富于想象力的作家。
3 meantime gChxx     
n.其时,其间;adv.同时,当时
参考例句:
  • I continued working,meantime,he went out shopping.我继续工作,这期间他出去买东西。
  • In the meantime we pressed on with the airlift.与此同时,我们加紧进行空运。
4 crept crept     
v.蹑手蹑足地走( creep的过去式和过去分词 );缓慢地行进;爬行;匍匐
参考例句:
  • I crept up the stairs, trying not to wake my parents. 为了尽量不吵醒父母,我蹑手蹑脚地上了楼。
  • He had crept up on his unsuspecting victim from behind. 他从背后悄悄逼近了那毫无戒备的受害者。
5 authorities kyqzgw     
n.当局,权力,权威;权威( authority的名词复数 );权力;学术权威;[复数]当权者
参考例句:
  • They interceded with the authorities on behalf of the detainees. 他们为被拘留者向当局求情。
  • At his instigation we conceal the fact from the authorities. 我们受他的怂恿向当局隐瞒了事实。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 evading 6af7bd759f5505efaee3e9c7803918e5     
逃避( evade的现在分词 ); 避开; 回避; 想不出
参考例句:
  • Segmentation of a project is one means of evading NEPA. 把某一工程进行分割,是回避《国家环境政策法》的一种手段。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
  • Too many companies, she says, are evading the issue. 她说太多公司都在回避这个问题。
7 evade evade     
vt.逃避,回避;避开,躲避
参考例句:
  • He tried to evade the embarrassing question.他企图回避这令人难堪的问题。
  • You are in charge of the job.How could you evade the issue?你是负责人,你怎么能对这个问题不置可否?
8 truants a6220cc16d90fb79935ebae3085fd440     
n.旷课的小学生( truant的名词复数 );逃学生;逃避责任者;懒散的人
参考例句:
  • The truants were caught and sent back to school. 逃学者都被捉住并送回学校去。 来自辞典例句
  • The truants were punished. 逃学者被惩罚了。 来自互联网
9 nap o6bzX     
n.(白天)打瞌睡,打盹
参考例句:
  • The nap of the coat has been worn off.外衣上的绒毛已经磨掉了。
  • Don't bother me while I am taking my nap.我小睡的时候不要打扰我。
10 creep iYlzE     
vi.爬行,匍匐;蹑手蹑足地走,缓慢地行进
参考例句:
  • The baby is just learning to creep.这个婴儿才学着爬。
  • I would not creep along the coast.我不愿在岸边爬行。
11 evaded 4b636015da21a66943b43217559e0131     
逃避( evade的过去式和过去分词 ); 避开; 回避; 想不出
参考例句:
  • For two weeks they evaded the press. 他们有两周一直避而不见记者。
  • The lion evaded the hunter. 那狮子躲开了猎人。
12 Antarctic pVlzD     
adj.南极(区)的;n.(the A-)南极洲,南极圈
参考例句:
  • The Antarctic is a mountainous area.南极洲是一个多山的地区。
  • It is well known that penguins live in the Antarctic.企鹅生活在南极洲是众所周知的。
13 missing 3nTzx7     
adj.遗失的,缺少的,失踪的
参考例句:
  • Check the tools and see if anything is missing.检点一下工具,看有无丢失。
  • All the others are here;he's the only one missing.别人都来了,就短他一个。
14 spite uv7wD     
n.(用于短语)虽然,不顾,尽管
参考例句:
  • He has modern ideas in spite of his great age.尽管他年事很高,但思想观念却很入时。
  • In spite of his anger,his remarks were restrained.他尽管生气,说的话还是有节制的。
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TAG标签:   新概念  第二册  record  holder
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