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新概念英语第二册lesson 54 Sticky fingers

时间:2005-04-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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   Lesson 54: Sticky1 fingers
               粘糊的手指

    First listen and then answer the question.
    听录音,然后回答以下问题。
    What two interruptions2 did the writer have?

    After breakfast, I sent the children to school and then I went to the shops. It was still early when I returned home. The children were at school, my husband was at work and the house was quiet. So I decided3 to make some meat pies. In a short time I was busy mixing butter and flour and my hands were soon covered with sticky pastry4. At exactly that moment, the telephone rang. Nothing could have been more annoying. I picked up the receiver between two sticky fingers and was dismayed6 when I recognized the voice of Helen Bates. It took me ten minutes to persuade her to ring back later. At last I hung up the receiver. What a mess! There was pastry on my fingers, on the telephone, and on the doorknobs. I had no sooner got back to the kitchen than the doorbell rang loud enough to wake the dead. This time it was the postman and he wanted me to sign for a registered7 letter!

New words and expressions 生词和短语

sticky  adj. 粘的
finger  n. 手指
pie  n. 馅饼
mix  v. 混合,拌和
pastry  n. 面糊
annoying  adj. 恼人的
receiver  n. 电话的话筒
dismay5  v. 失望,泄气
recognize  v. 认出,听出
persuade  v. 说服,劝说
mess  n. 乱七八糟
doorknob  n. 门把手
sign  v. 签字
register  v. 挂号邮寄

参考译文

    早饭后,我送孩子们上学,然后就去了商店。我回到家时,时间还早。孩子们在上学,我丈夫在上班,家里清静得很。于是我决定做些肉馅饼。不一会儿我就忙着调拌起了黄油和面粉,很快我的手上就沾满了粘粘的面糊。恰恰在此时,电话铃响了。没有什么能比这更烦人了。我用两个沾满面糊的手指捏起了话筒。当听出是海伦.贝茨的声音时,非常丧气。我用了10分钟的时间才说服她过会儿再来电话。我终于挂上了话筒。真是糟糕透了!我的手指上、电话机上以及门的把手上,都沾上了面糊。我刚回到厨房,门铃又响了起来,响声足以把死人唤醒。这次是邮递员,他要我签收一封挂号信!

 

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  自学导读
1.The children were at school, my husband was at work…孩子们在上学,我丈夫在上班……
school和work前都没加冠词,因为不是指具体那个学校或具体干什么工作,只是泛指他们在干什么。
2.at exactly that moment, 恰恰在此时。
exactly用于加强语气,表示“正”、“恰恰”:
That's exactly what I wanted to tell you.
那正是我想要告诉你的。
3.Nothing could have been more annoying.没有什么能比这更烦人了。
用这个句型可以表达许多感情,换一下最后的形容词即可:
Nothing could have been more exciting/ interesting/ embarrassing8.
没有什么能比这更激动人心/有趣/令人尴尬的了。
4.It took me ten minutes to persuade her to ring back later. 我用了10分钟的时间才说服她过会儿再来电话。
(1)it为先行主语,代指to persuade引导的不定式短语。
(2)表示说服某人做某事时,可以用persuade+sb.+to do sth.这个结构:
I persuaded him to give up that plan.
我劝他放弃那项计划。也可以用persuade+sb. +into doing sth. 这个结构:
I persuaded him into giving up that plan.
(译文同上)
(3)later可以表示“过后”、“以后”:
Ten minutes later, the bus arrived.
10分钟以后,公共汽车来了。
Please come back later(on).
请过会儿再来。
5.What a mess! 真是糟糕透了!
在口语中,a mess可以用来指“困境”、“窘境”、“一团糟”等含义:
I made a mess of my exam.
我考试考得一团糟。
Make some jam if you want to, but don't make a mess in the kitchen.
你如果愿意就做些果酱,不过别把厨房弄得一团糟。
6.I had no sooner got back to the kitchen than the doorbell rang loud enough to wake the dead.我刚回到厨房,门铃又响了起来,响声足以把死人唤醒。
(1)连词no sooner…than…(刚……就……)用于过去完成时。(cf.第38课语法)
(2)enough作副词用在形容词或副词之后,有“足以……”的含义:
The water in the pool is warm enough (to swim in).
池里的水够暖和的(,可以游泳)。


  语法 Grammar in use
a,the, some与any(cf.第6课与第30课语法)
(1)在第6课与第30课的语法中,我们学习了冠词a, the以及some和any的一些基本用法。some和any可用于不可数名词及复数可数名词之前。some通常用于肯定句,any通常用于否定句和疑问句中:
We still have some sugar. We don't need any sugar now.
我们还有一些糖。目前我们不需要糖。
但在期待得到肯定答复的疑问句中也可以用some,而在肯定句中表示“随便哪个”、“任何一个”的含义时也可以用any:
(2)有些形容词可以用于the之后(决不能用于 a/an之后),表示作为整体的群体,如the blind(盲人),the deaf(聋子),the living(生者),the dead(死者),the rich(富人),the poor(穷人),the young(年轻人),the old(老人)。这些形容词后要跟复数动词,不可用这些形容词本身来指个体:
The Government always makes sure that the old are cared for.
政府总是确保老人能得到照顾。
This is a special school for the deaf.
这是一所特为聋人办的学校。
如果想指单数个体,则可以说:
Sam is a young man with a lot of money.
萨姆是一个非常有钱的年轻人。
Sam is old now.
萨姆现在老了。
(3)当下列名词指其“主要目的”,即与其相关的动作时,要用零冠词(即名词前没有冠词),如He's in bed(他睡了)中bed是为了睡觉用的)。这类名词有bed, church, class, college(学院),hospital, market, prison(监狱),school, sea, university(大学),work(工作地点)。
I sent the children to school.
我送孩子们上学。
The children were at school and my husband was at work.
孩子们在上学,我丈夫在上班。
但在特指的东西面前要用the:
Your bag is under the bed.
你的提包在床底下。
There's a meeting at the school at  8 o'clock.
8点钟学校有一个会。
泛指同类事物中的任何一个时则用a:
cinema与theatre的用法与上面提到的名词的用法有区别。
在表示去看电影/戏时要用go to the cinema/theatre:
I went to the theatre last night.
我昨晚看戏去了。
(4)在形容词/副词的最高级前面要用the,但当most表示“大多数”时它前面则不加the:
Joe Sanders has the most beautiful garden in our town.
乔·桑德斯拥有我们镇上最漂亮的花园。
Most young men have to work hard.
大多数年轻人得努力工作。
Most buildings in this district belong to the government.
这个地区的大部分建筑属于政府所有。


  词汇学习 Word study
1.mix
(1)vt. 使混和,拌和:
I was busy mixing butter and flour.
我忙着搅和黄油和面粉。
You can mix some salt into the flour.
你可以在面粉里和入一些盐。
(2)vi. 交往,相处:
I'm not going to mix with those people.
我不打算和那些人来往。
Mary doesn't mix much.
玛丽不太和人交往。
2.recognize vt.
(1)辨出,认出,认识:
I recognized the voice of Helen Bates.
我听出是海伦·贝茨的声音。
Can you recognize the man beside Ian?
你能认出伊恩旁边的这个人吗?
(2)承认,确认,认可:
It is recognized that Jane is the most intelligent girl among us.
大家承认简是我们当中最聪明的女孩。
He recognized Dan as one of his best firends.
他承认丹是他最好的朋友之一。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
多项选择题答案
1d  2b  3d  4b  5d  6b
7 a  8 d  9 c  10 b  11 d  12 d


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★sticky adj. 粘的
as sticky as glue 和胶水一样粘
★finger n. 手指
thumb 大拇指
index finger 食指
middle finger 中指
ring finger 无名指
little finger 小指
toe 脚趾
★pie n. 馅饼
★mix v. 混合,拌和
mixture n.
★pastry n. 面糊
★annoying adj. 恼人的
it is annoying.
annoyed10 感到烦恼的
比anger的语气弱
★receiver n. 电话的话筒
★dismay v. 失望,泄气
dismay sb. 让某人感到失望
dismaying11 令人失望
dismayed 感到失望
reason with sb. 劝说
try to persuade 劝说
★recognize v. 认出,听出
★persuade v. 说服,劝说
★mess n. 乱七八糟
What a mess!
You are a mess!
The man/woman is mess!
make a mess of sth. 制造乱七八糟
★doorknob n. 门把手
球形的把手
★sign v. 签字
sign your name(s) here 在这里签名
signature12 n. 签名
I need your signature. 我需要你的签名
autograph13 明星,名人的签名
★register v. 挂号邮寄
registered letter 挂号信
sign for 签收


  【课文讲解】
after breakfast 在吃过早饭后
I send the children to school 送孩子上学
at school 在上学
at work 在上班
at home 在家休息
be busy doing 忙于做某事
flour 面粉 不可数名词
be covered with 盖满
at exactly that moment 就在那时
no one could be/have been 没有人...
No one could be /have been father 没有人更胖了
Nothing could have been cheaper. 没有什么东西更便宜了
No face could be uglier. 没有一张脸更丑了
No books could be more interesting. 没有书更有趣了
Nothing could have been more exciting. 没有什么事情更令人激动了
pick up the receiver 拾起话筒
persudae sb.to do sth. 说服某人做某事
It takes sb.some time to do sth. 花费某人多久做某事
ring back 1.会电话 2. 再打电话
hang up 挂起
hang up the receiver 挂断电话
no sooner...than...
hardly...when...
enough 足够的 : 1.n. I have/had had enough. 我已经拥有足够的了
2. adj. enough+n. , n.+enough
I have enough time/time enough.
enough 修饰名词时放在被修饰词的前面或后面
3.adv. 不修饰动词,只修饰 adj.或者adv.
enough修饰adj.或者adv.时一定要放在被修饰词的后面
enough to do sth. 足以用来做某事
He is rich enough to buy the whole city. 他富有的可以买下整个城市
I am hungry enough to eat sth.
在dead,young,old前面可以直接加the
the+adj. 表示 ...一类人
the rich 富人  the young 年轻人  the blind 瞎子
the English 英国人  Englishman,englishwoman
重点: annoying
dismay
persudae
mess
sign
Nothing could ahve been more annoying.
loud enough to wake the dead


Letter writing】
pleased to do 非常高兴的
I was pleased to learn that you have a baby. 恭喜你作爸爸了
thank you for + n.


Key structures】
the+adj. 表示一类人
the most 最...
most 非常
most of the ... 大部分的...
most of the young people 大部分的年轻人


Multiple choice questions】
No.5
nothing + be more annoying 表达最高级含义
No.7
hardly...when...
no sooner...than...
A
No.8
United14 States
join 的二种用法 :
1. join the army/join the Party
2. Join us !
D
No.10
be tired of 厌烦
B


Composition】
No.1
After putting the cake in the oven,I forgot all about it.
No.2
……(time)passed,and then……
……(time)passed,before ……
Two hours had passed when I smelled something burning.
something burning
burning与something是主动关系
No.3
On going into the kitchen,ZI found it full of smoke.


Summary writing】
as soon as = when
No.4
after 做介词,后接名词或代词做宾语 做连词,后接句子


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 sticky xGFz4     
adj.粘的,闷热的,困难的,令人不满意的
参考例句:
  • This paste is not sticky enough.这糨糊不黏。
  • Here is a sticky business!这事真难办!
2 interruptions 018d24b8e289680cef468d675671d403     
n.中断( interruption的名词复数 );打断;障碍物;打岔的事
参考例句:
  • Many interruptions have prevented me from finishing the work. 许多打岔的事使得我未能完成这项工作。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I could not say all I wished because of the interruptions. 由于他不断的插话,我无法把想说的话都说出来。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
3 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
4 pastry Q3ozx     
n.油酥面团,酥皮糕点
参考例句:
  • The cook pricked a few holes in the pastry.厨师在馅饼上戳了几个洞。
  • The pastry crust was always underdone.馅饼的壳皮常常烤得不透。
5 dismay 9Pizh     
n.灰心,沮丧,惊愕;vt.使沮丧,使惊愕
参考例句:
  • The enemy retreated in perfect dismay.敌人沮丧地退去。
  • I am filled with dismay at the news.我对这个消息极为震惊。
6 dismayed Hu5z6C     
adj. 心慌
参考例句:
  • I was dismayed when I recongnized the voice of Mrs. Bates. 当我听出是贝茨夫人的声音时,我感到丧气。
  • He was dismayed when he found his wallet gone. 他发现丢了钱包而惊慌失措。
7 registered 3kvzQg     
adj.登记的,注册的
参考例句:
  • Ships were registered abroad to circumvent employment and safety regulation. 船只在外国注册以逃避有关雇佣和安全的规定。
  • In former times, only property owners could be registered as voters. 从前,只有有财产的人才能登记作选民。
8 embarrassing ut4ztI     
adj.使人尴尬的,令人为难的v.(使)窘迫,(使)局促不安( embarrass的现在分词)
参考例句:
  • His jokes didn't even raise a smile, which was embarrassing. 听了他讲的笑话,都没人笑一下,真是太尴尬了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I was in the embarrassing position of having completely forgotten her name. 当时我完全忘记了她的名字,很是尴尬。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 index e8DxK     
n.食指;索引;标志;指数;v.把...编索引
参考例句:
  • Performonce is an index of ability.成绩是能力的标志。
  • Manner of walking gives an index to one's charactor.走路的姿态可反应出人的性格。
10 annoyed NzkzNw     
adj.烦恼的,恼怒的,生气的,恼火的
参考例句:
  • I imagine she was pretty annoyed when she found out.我想她发现此事后一定很生气。
  • He was annoyed with complaints made from outside.他因外界的种种怨言而感到烦恼。
11 dismaying 1792bdc5c39e739c63914a8acbaeb1e5     
使惊愕,使焦虑,使气馁( dismay的现在分词 )
参考例句:
12 signature PEMz9     
n.签名,署名,信号
参考例句:
  • Make sure that you get it down and his signature on it.你一定要把它记下来,并让他在上面签字。
  • Each person's signature is unique.每个人的签名都是独一无二的。
13 autograph Xukzo     
n.亲笔,自署,亲笔签名;vt.自署于,亲笔签名于,亲笔写
参考例句:
  • I asked the author to autograph my book.我请作者在书上亲笔签名。
  • I'll be able to get you their autograph if you like.如果你喜欢,我会让他们给你签名的。
14 united Yfmz2c     
adj.和谐的;团结的;联合的,统一的
参考例句:
  • The whole nation is closely united.全国人民紧密团结。
  • The two men were united by community of interests.共同的利益使两个人结合在一起。
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