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新概念英语第三册lesson 16 Mary had a little lamb

时间:2005-04-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:yaopf   字体: [ ]
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Mary and her husband Dimitri lived in the tiny village of Perachora in southern Greece. One of Mary's prize possessions was a little white lamb which her husband had given her. She kept it tied to a tree in a field during the day and went to fetch it every evening. One evening, how-ever, the lamb was missing1. The rope had been cut, so it was obvious that the lamb had been stolen.

  When Dimitri came in from the fields,His wife told him what had happened.Dimitri at once set out to find the thief.
  He knew it would not prove difficult in such a small village. After telling several
of his friends about the theft, Dimitri found out that his neighbour, Aleko, had suddenly acquired a new lamb.
 

  Dimitri immediately went to Aleko's house and angrily accused him of stealing the lamb. He told him he had better return it or he would call the police. Aleko denied taking it and led Dimitri into his back-yard. It was true that he had just bought a lamb, he explained, but his lamb was black. Ashamed of having acted so rashly2, Dimitri apologized to Aleko for having accused him. While they were talking it began to rain and Dimitri stayed in Aleko's house until the rain stopped.When he went outside half an hour later, he was astonished to find that the little black lamb was almost white. Its wool, which had been dyed4 black, had been washed clean by the rain !

New words and expressions 生词和短语

prize
adj. 珍贵的,宝贵的

tie
v. 拴,系

theft
n. 偷盗行为,偷盗案

accuse
v. 指控

deny
v. 否认

ashamed
adj. 感到羞耻,惭愧

apologize
v. 道歉

dye3
v. 染

参考译文

玛丽与丈夫迪米特里住在希腊南部一个叫波拉考拉的小村庄里。玛丽最珍贵的财产之一就是丈夫送给她的一只白色小羔羊。白天,玛丽把羔羊拴在地里的一颗树上,每天晚上把它牵回家。可是,一天晚上,那只小羔羊失踪了。绳子被人割断,很明显小羔羊是被人偷走了。
迪米特里从地里回来,妻子把情况跟他一说,他马上出去找偷羔羊的人。他知道在这样一个小村庄里抓住小偷并不困难。把失窃的事告诉几个朋友后,迪米特里发现他的邻居阿列科家突然多了一只小羔羊。迪米特里立刻去了阿列科家,气呼呼地指责他偷了羔羊,告诉他最好把羊交还,否则就去叫警察。阿列科不承认,并把迪米特里领进院子。不错,他的确刚买了一只羔羊,阿列科解释说,但他的羔羊是黑色的。迪米特里为自己的鲁莽而感到不好意思,向阿列科道了歉,说是错怪了他。就在他俩说话的时候,天下起了雨,迪米特里便呆在阿列科家里避雨,一直等到雨停为止。半小时后,当他从屋里出来时,他惊奇地发现小黑羔羊全身几乎都变成白色。原来羊毛上染的黑色被雨水冲掉了!

新概念英语正版图书购买

 

  自学导读
Notes on the text课文注释

1  it would not prove difficult, 是不难做到的。
prove是连系动词,作“证明是”讲,本句子与it would not be difficult相同。
2  accuse sb. of (doing) sth. 作“指责、指控某人做某事”解。
3  he had better return it, 他最好把羔羊还给迪米特里。
had better用来表达一种建议,建议在将来某一具体场合采取的动作。这个短语比should和ought to的语气更强烈,常带有威胁、告诫或催促的意思。
4  denied taking it…,
deny后面可接动名词作宾语,也可接宾语从句。
5  apologize to sb. for (doing)sth. , 是“因(做)某事向某人道歉”的意思。


  Multiple5 choice questions多项选择题
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.
Comprehension理解
1  Every evening, Mary used to go and ______ .
a.cut the lamb from the rope it had been tied on
b.untie6 the lamb so it could wander in the field at night
c.bring her lamb back home for the night
d.make sure that her lamb was not missing
2  It would not be difficult to find the thief because ______ .
a.the lamb had been one of Mary's prize possessions
b.news travels fast in a small community
c.Dimitri had a lot of friends in the village
d.the rain would soon wash the black dye off the lamb
3  When Aleko first showed Dimitri the lamb in his backyard ______ .
a.he was truthful7 about how he had acquired the lamb but not about its colour
b.Dimitri admitted that the lamb could not be his wife's
c.it was clear that the lamb had been dyed black
d.it started to rain before Dimitri had time to identify the lamb as his
Structure结构
4  Mary and her husband Dimitri lived in Perachora, ______ tiny village in southern Greece. (11.1-2)
a.in a
b.the
c.in the
d.a
5  ---- was a little white lamb which had been ______ from her husband. (11.2-3)
a.present
b.presented
c.presenting
d.a present
6  On her husband's return, ______ what had happened, (11.7-8)
a.his wife told him
b.she told Dimitri
c.Mary told him
d.Dimitri was told
7  ----it would not prove difficult in a village of ______ size. (11.8-9)
a.a such small
b.so small
c.the smallest
d.so small a
8  He told him if he ______ it, he would call the police. (1.11)
a.was not returning
b.did not return
c.has not returned
d.had not returned
Vocabulary词汇
9  One of Mary's most ______ possessions …(1.2)
a.valued
b.worthwhile
c.worthy8
d.expensive
10  After ______ the theft to several of his friends …(1.9)
a.telling
b.reporting
c.expressing
d.counting
11  During their ______ , it began to rain. (11.13-14)
a.chat
b.argument
c.conversation
d.speech
12  When he went ______ half an hour later…(11.14-15)
a.out of doors
b.into the open
c.in the open air
d.inside out


  New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★prize
adj. 珍贵的,宝贵的
prize Mary has got a prize lamb
The cat is prize to the old lady.
valuable
precious
cherishable
dear
★tie
v.   拴,系
tie sth.to
I tied the dog to a tree.
于……有联系
He is tied to his family
(n.)领带,关系(强调血缘关系)
★theft
n.   偷盗行为,偷盗案
He reports the theft to the police.
★accuse
v.   指控
accuse sb.of doing sth.
accuse 比charge语义弱:accuse强调"严厉的指责",charge强调"控告"
★deny
v.   否认
deny doing sth.
He denied stealing the lamb.
He denied the truth.
deny sb. nothing :百依百顺
He denies his wife nothing.
deny oneself: 克制自己
On some occasions9 we must deny ourselves.
★ashamed
adj. 感到羞耻,惭愧
be ashamed of
He is ashamed of being a dustman.
shameful10: 可耻的
The theft is shameful.
shameless: 无耻的
The thief is a shameless person.
★apologize
v.   道歉
apologize to sb.(for sth.)
(n.)apology
★dye
v.   染
Dye the cloth black


  【课文讲解】
in the tiny village of...
in the big city of Beijing
in the beautiful city of Paris.
possession: 所有物
What I possess is valuable./My possessions are valuable.
belinging: 随身携带物
keep: 使……处于某种状态
keep后的复合宾语(宾语补足语)可以是形容词、介词短语、分词
keep和过去分词搭配做宾语补足语,过去分词和宾语之间是逻辑上的动宾关系
宾语补足语和宾语是主谓关系,那么宾语补足语是现在分词结构
I keep my windows closed.
I kept the boy standing11 outside.
It is obvious that...
set out to do sth.: 开始着手做某事
tell sb.about sth.
He can't be ill or he wouldn't have come.
or else
Your room is so dirty,Clear it promptly,or else...
It is true that...,but...
It is true that the work is hard,but we'll finish it ahead.
现在分词结构(形容词结构)做状语,此处相当于原因状语,放主句前后均可
Angry at everybody here,he left suddenly.
Anxious for a quick decision,he called his friends.
Nervous,the man opened the letter.


Special difficulties】
had better do  had better not do
1.We had better have lunch.
2.She had better renew12 her passport
3.You'd better not ask so many questions.
4.We'd better not stay any longer.
5.The children had better get an early night
6.solicitor13: 律师 I had better consult my solicitor.


Multiple choice questions】
1. C
2. B community :社区  village
3. B
4. a
5. present---absent
When Mr Brown left firm,the director presented a gold watch to him.
a present from somebody
D正确
The gold watch was present from the director.
6. C
7. D so small a size
8. B
9. A  valued advice   valued friend    worthwhile: 值得的
worthy: 配得上的   be worthy of
His deeds are worthy of our praise
10 tell somebody about something
B正确  report something to somebody
11 C正确
12 A正确 out of doors----outside indoors14
in the open air    inside out: 里外反穿
He put his socks on inside out.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 missing 3nTzx7     
adj.遗失的,缺少的,失踪的
参考例句:
  • Check the tools and see if anything is missing.检点一下工具,看有无丢失。
  • All the others are here;he's the only one missing.别人都来了,就短他一个。
2 rashly UklzCa     
ad.too hastily;recklessly
参考例句:
  • Some people jumped rashly to the conclusion that something must be wrong. 有些人轻率地得出结论说一定是出了什么问题。
  • They had acted rashly, without thought. 他们未加考虑就轻率行动了。
3 dye V8cy9     
n.染料,染色;v.染,染色
参考例句:
  • Black will dye over other colours.黑色能把大多数其他颜色盖住。
  • This material does not dye well.这料子染不好。
4 dyed dd3137345625bcd78c7b43e85e9016b9     
给…上色,着色( dye的过去式和过去分词 ); 能染上颜色
参考例句:
  • She dyed her hair blonde. 她把头发染成了金黄色。
  • He'd dyed his hair, which was almost unheard-of in the 1960s. 他染了头发,这在20世纪60年代是罕见的事。
5 multiple kFCxf     
adj.多个(或多项、多种)的;n.(数)倍数
参考例句:
  • The number 8 is a multiple of 4.八是四的倍数。
  • The most common multiple births are twins,two babies born at the same time.最常见的多胎是双胞胎,两个婴儿同时出生。
6 untie SjJw4     
vt.解开,松开;解放
参考例句:
  • It's just impossible to untie the knot.It's too tight.这个结根本解不开。太紧了。
  • Will you please untie the knot for me?请你替我解开这个结头,好吗?
7 truthful OmpwN     
adj.真实的,说实话的,诚实的
参考例句:
  • You can count on him for a truthful report of the accident.你放心,他会对事故作出如实的报告的。
  • I don't think you are being entirely truthful.我认为你并没全讲真话。
8 worthy vftwB     
adj.(of)值得的,配得上的;有价值的
参考例句:
  • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust.我认为他不值得信赖。
  • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned.没有值得一提的事发生。
9 occasions 11557f17371ac4f35f50715ad4a32024     
n.机会( occasion的名词复数 );时刻;原因;需要
参考例句:
  • The prosecution stated that intercourse had occurred on several occasions. 控诉方称发生过数次性交。
  • He has been late on numerous occasions. 他已经迟到过无数次了。
10 shameful DzzwR     
adj.可耻的,不道德的
参考例句:
  • It is very shameful of him to show off.他向人炫耀自己,真不害臊。
  • We must expose this shameful activity to the newspapers.我们一定要向报社揭露这一无耻行径。
11 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
12 renew ctLyX     
vt.使更新,复始,使恢复,补充;vi.更新,重新开始
参考例句:
  • The most important thing is to renew your health.最重要的是恢复你的健康。
  • We must renew our supplies of coal.我们必须补充煤的储备。
13 solicitor vFBzb     
n.初级律师,事务律师
参考例句:
  • The solicitor's advice gave me food for thought.律师的指点值得我深思。
  • The solicitor moved for an adjournment of the case.律师请求将这个案件的诉讼延期。
14 indoors q7Mxv     
adv.(在)室内,(在)户内
参考例句:
  • Because of the coldness of the weather we stayed indoors.我们因天气寒冷呆在家里。
  • It is very cold outside,you'd better come indoors across the board.外面很冷,你们所有人最好都进屋。
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