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SSS 2008-11-28

时间:2010-05-15 07:08来源:互联网 提供网友:木渐浅。   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin. This will just take a minute.

 

If you paid attention during high school biology, you probably remember that girls are born with all the eggs they’ll ever have, whereas guys are churning out sperm1 pretty much all the time. Now, several new studies, in animals from mice to worms, suggest that sperm supply is closely tied to demand. And that how much sperm an individual male makes may influence whether females seek multiple mates.

One study, published by the Royal Society, showed that mice make more sperm when they compete with romantic rivals. That finding is the first demonstration2 that a male mammal can adjust his sperm output depending on social circumstance, in this case, making more sperm to better the odds3 that he’ll come out on top in a reproductive show-down.

Worms take the whole supply-and-demand thing to the extreme. According to a study published in the journal Current Biology, when females aren’t around, one type of nematode worm doesn’t make any sperm at all.

That kind of abstinence may work for a nematode, but for other species being stingy with sperm may backfire. According to a paper published in Science, when male fruit flies skimp4 on the sperm count, females simply mate with more partners. Something male flies might keep in mind if they want to avoid heartbreak this holiday season.

 

Thanks for the minute for Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin.

 


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1 sperm jFOzO     
n.精子,精液
参考例句:
  • Only one sperm fertilises an egg.只有一个精子使卵子受精。
  • In human reproduction,one female egg is usually fertilized by one sperm.在人体生殖过程中,一个精子使一个卵子受精。
2 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
3 odds n5czT     
n.让步,机率,可能性,比率;胜败优劣之别
参考例句:
  • The odds are 5 to 1 that she will win.她获胜的机会是五比一。
  • Do you know the odds of winning the lottery once?你知道赢得一次彩票的几率多大吗?
4 skimp KrWys     
v.节省花费,吝啬
参考例句:
  • She had to skimp to send her son to college.她必须节俭来供她儿子上大学。
  • Older people shouldn't skimp on food or heating.老年人不应过分吝惜食物或取暖方面的开销。
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