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SSS 2008-12-02

时间:2010-05-15 07:12来源:互联网 提供网友:木渐浅。   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Cynthia Graber. This will just take a minute.

 

M.I.T. scientists have designed a new robot. You’ll probably never see it though—it’s meant to be hidden. Because it’s a robot clam1. Engineers wanted to design a lightweight anchor that could be easily set and then picked up. That’s not possible with conventional anchors. A more talented anchor would be great for, say, small submarines that move around constantly to test ocean temperatures and currents.

 

Razor clams2 presented the ideal biological model. They can burrow3 a centimeter per second more than two feet down into the soil, where they can anchor themselves tightly to the ocean floor. Scientists set up a glass box with water and beads4 and stuck a living razor clam inside. They filmed what happened next. The animal’s foot wiggled into the beads. The rest of the clam followed by moving quickly up and down and rapidly opening and closing its shell. By carefully analyzing5 the film, the scientists discovered something surprising. The clam’s movements turn the sand around the creature into more of a fluid—basically quicksand. By copying this system, M.I.T. researchers created a tiny RoboClam. It’s the size of a cigarette lighter6. If they add artificial intelligence, we can find out if the device is happy as a clam.

 

Thanks for the minute for Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Cynthia Graber.

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 clam Fq3zk     
n.蛤,蛤肉
参考例句:
  • Yup!I also like clam soup and sea cucumbers.对呀!我还喜欢蛤仔汤和海参。
  • The barnacle and the clam are two examples of filter feeders.藤壶和蛤类是滤过觅食者的两种例子。
2 clams 0940cacadaf01e94ba47fd333a69de59     
n.蛤;蚌,蛤( clam的名词复数 )v.(在沙滩上)挖蛤( clam的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The restaurant's specialities are fried clams. 这个餐厅的特色菜是炸蚌。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • We dug clams in the flats et low tide. 退潮时我们在浅滩挖蛤蜊。 来自辞典例句
3 burrow EsazA     
vt.挖掘(洞穴);钻进;vi.挖洞;翻寻;n.地洞
参考例句:
  • Earthworms burrow deep into the subsoil.蚯蚓深深地钻进底土。
  • The dog had chased a rabbit into its burrow.狗把兔子追进了洞穴。
4 beads 894701f6859a9d5c3c045fd6f355dbf5     
n.(空心)小珠子( bead的名词复数 );水珠;珠子项链
参考例句:
  • a necklace of wooden beads 一条木珠项链
  • Beads of perspiration stood out on his forehead. 他的前额上挂着汗珠。
5 analyzing be408cc8d92ec310bb6260bc127c162b     
v.分析;分析( analyze的现在分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析n.分析
参考例句:
  • Analyzing the date of some socialist countries presents even greater problem s. 分析某些社会主义国家的统计数据,暴露出的问题甚至更大。 来自辞典例句
  • He undoubtedly was not far off the mark in analyzing its predictions. 当然,他对其预测所作的分析倒也八九不离十。 来自辞典例句
6 lighter 5pPzPR     
n.打火机,点火器;驳船;v.用驳船运送;light的比较级
参考例句:
  • The portrait was touched up so as to make it lighter.这张画经过润色,色调明朗了一些。
  • The lighter works off the car battery.引燃器利用汽车蓄电池打火。
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TAG标签:   SSS  biological
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