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SSS 2008-04-30

时间:2010-05-13 07:20来源:互联网 提供网友:0922013129   字体: [ ]
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This is scientific American's 60-Second Science, I am Cynthia Graber. This’ll just take a minute.


The Taliban destroyed international treasures when they wrecked1 the ancient Buddha2 statues in Afghanistan’s Bamiyan region. But new treasures have now been revealed.  Cave walls behind where the statues stood are adorned3 with paintings from the fifth and sixth centuries. The paintings depict4 sitting Buddhas5 surrounded by palm trees and mythical6 creatures. Scientists recently published a study showing that some of these works were painted with oils, centuries before the technique was employed in Europe. The study was published in the Journal of Analytical7 Atomic Spectrometry. To figure out the materials used, researchers employed a combination of infrared8 micro-spectroscopy and various X-ray methodologies. The beams separated out the layers of paint, and the different techniques allowed researchers to analyze9 the variety of materials. They discovered oils in the mix of layers, probably either walnut10 or poppy seed oil. Art historians date the earliest use of oils in Europe to about the 15th century. Scientists say the new findings place the Bamiyan paintings many hundreds of years earlier, giving the Bhuddha images the honor of being the earliest known oil paintings in the world.

Thanks for the minute for Scientific American’s 60-Second Science, I am Cynthia Graber.

 Podcast is sponsored from the People of American Chemistry who provide the plastics, medicines and innovations that make life modern. Learn more at americanchemistry.com
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 wrecked ze0zKI     
adj.失事的,遇难的
参考例句:
  • the hulk of a wrecked ship 遇难轮船的残骸
  • the salvage of the wrecked tanker 对失事油轮的打捞
2 Buddha 9x1z0O     
n.佛;佛像;佛陀
参考例句:
  • Several women knelt down before the statue of Buddha and prayed.几个妇女跪在佛像前祈祷。
  • He has kept the figure of Buddha for luck.为了图吉利他一直保存着这尊佛像。
3 adorned 1e50de930eb057fcf0ac85ca485114c8     
[计]被修饰的
参考例句:
  • The walls were adorned with paintings. 墙上装饰了绘画。
  • And his coat was adorned with a flamboyant bunch of flowers. 他的外套上面装饰着一束艳丽刺目的鲜花。
4 depict Wmdz5     
vt.描画,描绘;描写,描述
参考例句:
  • I don't care to see plays or films that depict murders or violence.我不喜欢看描写谋杀或暴力的戏剧或电影。
  • Children's books often depict farmyard animals as gentle,lovable creatures.儿童图书常常把农场的动物描写得温和而可爱。
5 Buddhas 355b2d5b267add69347643fe9fd61545     
n.佛,佛陀,佛像( Buddha的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • She called on spirits and Buddhas and made innumerable vows, all to no avail. 她把一切的神佛都喊到了,并且许下多少誓愿,都没有用。 来自汉英文学 - 骆驼祥子
  • Tibetans identification with the political role of Living Buddhas is declining. 藏新政权的政治舞台中活佛的政治角色处于边缘。 来自互联网
6 mythical 4FrxJ     
adj.神话的;虚构的;想像的
参考例句:
  • Undeniably,he is a man of mythical status.不可否认,他是一个神话般的人物。
  • Their wealth is merely mythical.他们的财富完全是虚构的。
7 analytical lLMyS     
adj.分析的;用分析法的
参考例句:
  • I have an analytical approach to every survey.对每项调查我都采用分析方法。
  • As a result,analytical data obtained by analysts were often in disagreement.结果各个分析家所得的分析数据常常不一致。
8 infrared dx0yp     
adj./n.红外线(的)
参考例句:
  • Infrared is widely used in industry and medical science.红外线广泛应用于工业和医学科学。
  • Infrared radiation has wavelengths longer than those of visible light.红外辐射的波长比可见光的波长长。
9 analyze RwUzm     
vt.分析,解析 (=analyse)
参考例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.我们应该分析这场事变的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.老师设法分析我们失败的原因。
10 walnut wpTyQ     
n.胡桃,胡桃木,胡桃色,茶色
参考例句:
  • Walnut is a local specialty here.核桃是此地的土特产。
  • The stool comes in several sizes in walnut or mahogany.凳子有几种尺寸,材质分胡桃木和红木两种。
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