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SSS 2009-12-02

时间:2010-05-19 05:57来源:互联网 提供网友:mark@li   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Any school kid can tell you: nerds are not usually the most athletic1 specimens2. But a new study suggests that young men who are physically3 fit tend to be more intelligent. The results appear in the Proceedings4 of the National Academy of Sciences.

Animal studies have long shown a link between physical activity and better memory. And in humans, aerobic5 exercise has been found to boost cognitive6 function in the elderly. But studies in young adults have yielded conflicting results. Strenuous7 physical activity in adolescents actually seemed to make mind matters worse.

To try to settle the issue, scientists in Sweden reviewed the records of more than a million men who enlisted8 for military service at the age of 18. And they found that cardiovascular fitness, but not muscle strength, was associated with overall intelligence (at least as measured by the Swedish army). And when they consulted additional national databases, they found that physical fitness at the age of 18 also foreshadowed greater academic achievement later in life. Even among the twin pairs, the fitter brother tended to be the smarter.

So remember, a nerd may not be athletic.  But a lot of athletes may be harboring an inner nerd.
 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 athletic sOPy8     
adj.擅长运动的,强健的;活跃的,体格健壮的
参考例句:
  • This area has been marked off for athletic practice.这块地方被划出来供体育训练之用。
  • He is an athletic star.他是一个运动明星。
2 specimens 91fc365099a256001af897127174fcce     
n.样品( specimen的名词复数 );范例;(化验的)抽样;某种类型的人
参考例句:
  • Astronauts have brought back specimens of rock from the moon. 宇航员从月球带回了岩石标本。
  • The traveler brought back some specimens of the rocks from the mountains. 那位旅行者从山上带回了一些岩石标本。 来自《简明英汉词典》
3 physically iNix5     
adj.物质上,体格上,身体上,按自然规律
参考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
4 proceedings Wk2zvX     
n.进程,过程,议程;诉讼(程序);公报
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending committal proceedings. 他交保获释正在候审。
  • to initiate legal proceedings against sb 对某人提起诉讼
5 aerobic BN8zn     
adj.需氧的,增氧健身法的,有氧的
参考例句:
  • Aerobic exercise helps to build up stamina.有氧健身操有助于增强耐力。
  • Aerobic dance is conductive to the health.有氧舞蹈有助于健康。
6 cognitive Uqwz0     
adj.认知的,认识的,有感知的
参考例句:
  • As children grow older,their cognitive processes become sharper.孩子们越长越大,他们的认知过程变得更为敏锐。
  • The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.认知心理学者倒很像一个需要通晓钟表如何运转的钟表修理匠。
7 strenuous 8GvzN     
adj.奋发的,使劲的;紧张的;热烈的,狂热的
参考例句:
  • He made strenuous efforts to improve his reading. 他奋发努力提高阅读能力。
  • You may run yourself down in this strenuous week.你可能会在这紧张的一周透支掉自己。
8 enlisted 2d04964099d0ec430db1d422c56be9e2     
adj.应募入伍的v.(使)入伍, (使)参军( enlist的过去式和过去分词 );获得(帮助或支持)
参考例句:
  • enlisted men and women 男兵和女兵
  • He enlisted with the air force to fight against the enemy. 他应募加入空军对敌作战。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
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