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SSS 2009-05-21

时间:2010-05-18 01:35来源:互联网 提供网友:木渐浅。   字体: [ ]
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This is Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Steve Mirsky. Got a minute?

Can you name those notes? Probably not. Perhaps one in ten thousand speakers of European languages has perfect pitch - the ability to recognize a note without having heard any reference note first. But there's a much better chance you could successfully name the notes if you are a fluent speaker of an East Asian tonal language, such as Vietnamese, Mandarin1 or Cantonese. That's the finding of a study by U.C. San Diego and U.S.C. researchers presented May 21st at the Acoustical2 Society of America meeting in Portland, Oregon. Two hundred three U.S.C music students listened to musical notes. The Asian musicians who spoke3 a tone language fluently exhibited almost perfect perfect pitch, far outperforming Caucasian fluent in a non-tone language like English. And they also outdid other musicians of Asian ancestry4 who did not speak a tonal language. So it would seem that perfect pitch is more nurture5 than nature. By the way the notes are D, E & G, assuming that your MP3 player is in tune6.

Thanks for the minute for Scientific American's 60-second Science. I am Steve Mirsky.
 


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1 Mandarin TorzdX     
n.中国官话,国语,满清官吏;adj.华丽辞藻的
参考例句:
  • Just over one billion people speak Mandarin as their native tongue.大约有十亿以上的人口以华语为母语。
  • Mandarin will be the new official language of the European Union.普通话会变成欧盟新的官方语言。
2 acoustical acoustical     
adj. 听觉的,声学的,音响学的
参考例句:
  • This system can set up acoustical resonances. 这种系统能产生共鸣。
  • The relevance of acoustical principles is by no means limited to sound and hearing. 声学原理并不仅仅适用于声音和听觉。
3 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
4 ancestry BNvzf     
n.祖先,家世
参考例句:
  • Their ancestry settled the land in 1856.他们的祖辈1856年在这块土地上定居下来。
  • He is an American of French ancestry.他是法国血统的美国人。
5 nurture K5sz3     
n.养育,照顾,教育;滋养,营养品;vt.养育,给与营养物,教养,扶持
参考例句:
  • The tree grows well in his nurture.在他的培育下这棵树长得很好。
  • The two sisters had received very different nurture.这俩个姊妹接受过极不同的教育。
6 tune NmnwW     
n.调子;和谐,协调;v.调音,调节,调整
参考例句:
  • He'd written a tune,and played it to us on the piano.他写了一段曲子,并在钢琴上弹给我们听。
  • The boy beat out a tune on a tin can.那男孩在易拉罐上敲出一首曲子。
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