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SSS 2010-01-27

时间:2010-05-20 02:27来源:互联网 提供网友:mark@li   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

We all know that talking on a cell phone can impair1 our ability to drive (although too many of us do it anyway). Now a study in the journal Psychonomic Bulletin and Review shows that the reverse is also true: driving makes it hard to keep track of what we’re talking about.

 

Previous studies had found that motorists are able to converse2 just fine. But to Gary Dell of the University of Illinois that finding just didn’t make sense. Because comprehending speech requires attention, as does steering3 the family sedan. So Dell did a study in a driving simulator.

 

Ninety-six participants were paired up, with one taking the wheel while the other sat in the passenger seat or talked to the driver on a hands-free phone. Each participant listened to and was asked to repeat a handful of stories, and then to remember them after getting out of the car. As you can imagine, the drivers had a tougher time recalling the details than the passengers. And their conversational4 skills took the biggest nosedive while they were trying to navigate5 intersections6 or handle traffic.

 

Next, maybe the scientists will determine whether driving also impairs7 our ability to sing, eat breakfast, and put on makeup8. And, of course, text.

 

—Karen Hopkin

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 impair Ia4x2     
v.损害,损伤;削弱,减少
参考例句:
  • Loud noise can impair your hearing.巨大的噪音有损听觉。
  • It can not impair the intellectual vigor of the young.这不能磨灭青年人思想活力。
2 converse 7ZwyI     
vi.谈话,谈天,闲聊;adv.相反的,相反
参考例句:
  • He can converse in three languages.他可以用3种语言谈话。
  • I wanted to appear friendly and approachable but I think I gave the converse impression.我想显得友好、平易近人些,却发觉给人的印象恰恰相反。
3 steering 3hRzbi     
n.操舵装置
参考例句:
  • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration. 他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
  • Steering according to the wind, he also framed his words more amicably. 他真会看风使舵,口吻也马上变得温和了。
4 conversational SZ2yH     
adj.对话的,会话的
参考例句:
  • The article is written in a conversational style.该文是以对话的形式写成的。
  • She values herself on her conversational powers.她常夸耀自己的能言善辩。
5 navigate 4Gyxu     
v.航行,飞行;导航,领航
参考例句:
  • He was the first man to navigate the Atlantic by air.他是第一个飞越大西洋的人。
  • Such boats can navigate on the Nile.这种船可以在尼罗河上航行。
6 intersections c67ecd1980278dab3ff2b496feea84b2     
n.横断( intersection的名词复数 );交叉;交叉点;交集
参考例句:
  • Traffic lights have been placed at all major intersections. 所有重要的交叉路口都安装了交通信号灯。
  • Intersections are of the greatest importance in highway design. 在道路设计中,交叉口占有最重要的地位。 来自辞典例句
7 impairs 866bc0da43dd90e04b6073750ff1e87c     
v.损害,削弱( impair的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Smoking impairs our health. 吸烟会损害我们的健康。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Almost anything that impairs liver function can cause hepatitis. 任何有损于肝功能的因素,几乎都会引起肝炎。 来自辞典例句
8 makeup 4AXxO     
n.组织;性格;化装品
参考例句:
  • Those who failed the exam take a makeup exam.这次考试不及格的人必须参加补考。
  • Do you think her beauty could makeup for her stupidity?你认为她的美丽能弥补她的愚蠢吗?
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