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SSS 2010-02-05

时间:2010-05-20 02:44来源:互联网 提供网友:mark@li   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

As we look forward to Sunday’s Super Bowl Game, we might still think back on the shocking mistakes made during the playoffs, especially so, if your team was the one that made some of the critical errors.

 

Consider the last play of the NFC championship game between the Minnesota Vikings and the New Orleans Saints where the Vikings’ Brett Favre, considered the most experienced quarterback in NFL, he’s played 19 seasons, made a terrible judgment1 call. Here was the situation. He had an open field in front of him, and could have easily run the ball, putting the team into position to kick the game, winning field goal, and instead, he chose to make an extremely high-risk pass, across the field, which was inevitably2 intercepted3. The game ended in a tie and the Saints went on to win in overtime4.

 

So how could a quarterback of Brett Favre’s experience and skill, who had a career season at the age of 40, have such poor judgment on the next-to-last play of the NFC championship game? Well, we probably never know the real reason unless Favre talks about what was going through his mind. But it could have been extreme pressure.

 

Sports psychologist Patrick Cohn works with high end athletes and dealing5 with such pressure and Cohn says there are essentially6 two groups of athletes.

 

Some athletes live for the big game. And they are gonna raise the level of their performance. And I don't worry about those athletes. They get excited, they get motivated, they love the attention, and they can focus their best.

 

And we call them?

 

Gamers.

 

And such gamers are typically the most…?

 

Talented type of athletes, but may be not the most hard-working. In other word, they need a little bit extra impetus7 to really raise a level of their game.

 

And then there is the other type of athletes.

 

They get a little bit more tense and worried about playing in that big game.

 

And this group tends to do better in..?

 

Practice than they do in the big game because they get anxious, they tire themselves out mentally prior to begin, they may doubt themselves, they may have, feel like a lot of expectations and pressure on them to perform well. So those athletes struggle with bringing their best game to competition and those are the athletes that I typically help.

 

Overall, the general personality profile is…?

 

The very hard-working and highly motivated athletes. Sometimes they have perfectionist tendencies, they really want to succeed badly and they are better practice players than they are when it comes to, you know, shine in a competition.

 

Interesting to note is that the top top athletes like…?

 

Roger Federer, for example, Tiger Woods, Serena Williams, Michael Jordan, those are the athletes that have both packages. They are very highly motivated and longing8 to improve, but they also are gamers when it comes time big shine in the big game.

 

And Favre is probably one to add to this list, making his error probably into normally. But ultimately, how do you deal with the pressure? Well Cohn says this:

 

You don't go in and cram9 for the test when it's time for the big game. That's one of the errors that I see athletes making as feel panicked, and so I cram like I gotta work harder, I gotta study more films, I gotta study my opponents more and then they end up tiring themselves out, worrying too much about the game, just focusing too much on it.

 

And he says to be careful of a focus on expectations, because those turn into…?

 

Those ultimately turn into pressure or self-induced pressure. So instead of having expectations, I talk a lot about what can we do in place of that expectation. Expectations are typically driven by results and are focused on results. So I try to get them to think about what they need to do to execute in the present moment, and to focus on one player at a time, one shot at a time, which allow them to focus more on the execution than worry more about the result. You can’t tell an athlete. Hey, you just need to breathe and do some relaxation10 exercise before a competition. That’s not gonna cut it.

 

And Cohn says a lot of dealing with performance pressure lies with the coaches. So here is the Sean Payton and Jim Caldwell’s good mental council on the field this Sunday.

 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 judgment e3xxC     
n.审判;判断力,识别力,看法,意见
参考例句:
  • The chairman flatters himself on his judgment of people.主席自认为他审视人比别人高明。
  • He's a man of excellent judgment.他眼力过人。
2 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
3 intercepted 970326ac9f606b6dc4c2550a417e081e     
拦截( intercept的过去式和过去分词 ); 截住; 截击; 拦阻
参考例句:
  • Reporters intercepted him as he tried to leave the hotel. 他正要离开旅馆,记者们把他拦截住了。
  • Reporters intercepted him as he tried to leave by the rear entrance. 他想从后门溜走,记者把他截住了。
4 overtime aKqxn     
adj.超时的,加班的;adv.加班地
参考例句:
  • They are working overtime to finish the work.为了完成任务他们正在加班加点地工作。
  • He was paid for the overtime he worked.他领到了加班费。
5 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
6 essentially nntxw     
adv.本质上,实质上,基本上
参考例句:
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
7 impetus L4uyj     
n.推动,促进,刺激;推动力
参考例句:
  • This is the primary impetus behind the economic recovery.这是促使经济复苏的主要动力。
  • Her speech gave an impetus to my ideas.她的讲话激发了我的思绪。
8 longing 98bzd     
n.(for)渴望
参考例句:
  • Hearing the tune again sent waves of longing through her.再次听到那首曲子使她胸中充满了渴望。
  • His heart burned with longing for revenge.他心中燃烧着急欲复仇的怒火。
9 cram 6oizE     
v.填塞,塞满,临时抱佛脚,为考试而学习
参考例句:
  • There was such a cram in the church.教堂里拥挤得要命。
  • The room's full,we can't cram any more people in.屋里满满的,再也挤不进去人了。
10 relaxation MVmxj     
n.松弛,放松;休息;消遣;娱乐
参考例句:
  • The minister has consistently opposed any relaxation in the law.部长一向反对法律上的任何放宽。
  • She listens to classical music for relaxation.她听古典音乐放松。
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