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SSS 2011-01-12

时间:2011-02-11 06:26来源:互联网 提供网友:qi2261   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Karen Hopkin. This will just take a minute.

Remember affirmations?

"Because I'm good enough, I'm smart enough, and doggonit, people like me."

Well, if Stuart Smalley's shot-in-the-arm makes you smile, you're not alone. Because a new study shows that young people would rather pump up their self-esteem than see a friend, have a drink or cash a big fat paycheck. The results appear in the Journal1 of Personality.

We all like feeling good about ourselves. But can a little praise really trump2 a slice of pizza, a great party or a wad of cash? College students were given a questionnaire. And they were asked to rate various activities based on how much they liked or wanted them. Things like: drinking, hanging with friends, having sex, and getting paid.

The results? Undergrads do like those things. But not as much as they say they like getting good grades or a compliment3. Study author Brad Bushman says "American society seems to believe that self-esteem is the cure all for every social ill, from bad grades to teen pregnancies4 to violence. But there has been no evidence that boosting5 self-esteem actually helps with these problems. We may be too focused on increasing self-esteem."

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American's 60-Second Science, I'm Karen Hopkin.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 journal g3Ex2     
n.日志,日记;议事录;日记帐;杂志,定期刊物
参考例句:
  • He kept a journal during his visit to Japan.他在访问日本期间坚持记日记。
  • He got a job as editor of a trade journal.他找到了一份当商业杂志编辑的工作。
2 trump LU1zK     
n.王牌,法宝;v.打出王牌,吹喇叭
参考例句:
  • He was never able to trump up the courage to have a showdown.他始终鼓不起勇气摊牌。
  • The coach saved his star player for a trump card.教练保留他的明星选手,作为他的王牌。
3 compliment BpDzx     
n.[pl.]问候,致意;n./v. 称赞,恭维
参考例句:
  • The manager paid her a compliment on her work.经理赞扬了她的工作。
  • Your presence is a great compliment.承蒙光临,不胜荣幸。
4 pregnancies 2fedeb45162c233ee9e28d81888a2d2c     
怀孕,妊娠( pregnancy的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Since the wartime population needed replenishment, pregnancies were a good sign. 最后一桩倒不失为好现象,战时人口正该补充。
  • She's had three pregnancies in four years. 她在四年中怀孕叁次。
5 boosting 6ab105abdd48ced24ce7b0e516ca0970     
n.增[升]压;加大推力[功率],加速(发动机);助推v.促进( boost的现在分词 );增加;吹捧;向上推起
参考例句:
  • The company needs boosting up, if it is not to be defeated by its competitors. 该公司如要在竞争中不被对手挤垮,就须加强实力。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The firm is boosting the new product. 公司正在大事宣传 [推销] 新产品。 来自辞典例句
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