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SSS 2011-04-22

时间:2011-05-12 05:33来源:互联网 提供网友:wp661375   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

This is Scientific American's 60-Second Science. I'm Cynthia Graber. This will just take a minute.

Most plants capture sunlight. And the results are usually green. Because in photosynthesis1, plant chlorophyll uses wavelengths2 of blue and our sun's abundant red, and reflects green. But what if—as many sci-fi scenarios3 suggest—there's an Earth-like planet with multiple suns? Researchers at England's University of Saint Andrews say that photosynthetic4 life on such a planet might end up as a drab black or gray. Or even with a high SPF.

A quarter of all stars like our sun actually exist in multi-star systems. Plants on a planet with two sunlike stars could need protection against too much radiation—they might evolve their own UV-blocking sunscreens.

Or a planet with two stars may have one sun-like star, along with a red dwarf5 star that's also common in multi-star systems. Any photosynthetic life would be adapted to take advantage of the available light waves.

Plants that at times relied mostly on the dim red dwarf might need light from all across the visible spectrum6. They wouldn't reflect any wavelengths, so they'd appear black. These ideas were presented at the current Royal Astronomical7 Society meeting. So for healthy eating on some other planets, try the leafy dark salad.

"...the setting sun"

Thanks for the minute. For Scientific American's 60-Second Science, I'm Cynthia Graber.

"My love will laugh with me before the morning comes. I see a red door and I want it painted black."


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1 photosynthesis A2Czp     
n.光合作用
参考例句:
  • In apple trees photosynthesis occurs almost exclusively in the leaves.苹果树的光合作用几乎只发生在叶内。
  • Chloroplasts are the structures in which photosynthesis happens.叶绿体就是光合作用发生的地方。
2 wavelengths 55c7c1db2849f4af018e7824d42c3ff2     
n.波长( wavelength的名词复数 );具有相同的/不同的思路;合拍;不合拍
参考例句:
  • I find him difficult to talk to—we're on completely different wavelengths. 我没法和他谈话,因为我们俩完全不对路。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Sunlight consists of different wavelengths of radiation. 阳光由几种不同波长的射线组成。 来自辞典例句
3 scenarios f7c7eeee199dc0ef47fe322cc223be88     
n.[意]情节;剧本;事态;脚本
参考例句:
  • Further, graphite cores may be safer than non-graphite cores under some accident scenarios. 再者,根据一些事故解说,石墨堆芯可比非石墨堆芯更安全一些。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
  • Again, scenarios should make it clear which modes are acceptable to users in various contexts. 同样,我们可以运用场景剧本来搞清楚在不同情境下哪些模式可被用户接受。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
4 photosynthetic 1f9a8b17a4e53d9a4fd0ed5147e2f5bd     
adj.光合的,促进光合作用的
参考例句:
  • In some plants photosynthetic products are stored in the form polyfructosans. 在有些植物中,光合作用产物是以多聚果糖的形式储藏。
  • Chlorotic or necrotic lesions were evidence of decreased photosynthetic tissues. 缺绿的或坏死的侵蚀斑便是减少了光合组织的证据。
5 dwarf EkjzH     
n.矮子,侏儒,矮小的动植物;vt.使…矮小
参考例句:
  • The dwarf's long arms were not proportional to his height.那侏儒的长臂与他的身高不成比例。
  • The dwarf shrugged his shoulders and shook his head. 矮子耸耸肩膀,摇摇头。
6 spectrum Trhy6     
n.谱,光谱,频谱;范围,幅度,系列
参考例句:
  • This is a kind of atomic spectrum.这是一种原子光谱。
  • We have known much of the constitution of the solar spectrum.关于太阳光谱的构成,我们已了解不少。
7 astronomical keTyO     
adj.天文学的,(数字)极大的
参考例句:
  • He was an expert on ancient Chinese astronomical literature.他是研究中国古代天文学文献的专家。
  • Houses in the village are selling for astronomical prices.乡村的房价正在飙升。
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