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SSS 2012-03-21

时间:2012-04-16 06:05来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

 This is Scientific Americans 60 second Science, i am Cynthia Graber, this will just take a minute~

 
When you hear Western music, you generally get the emotional tone. A major key is happy. (music plays) A minor1 one? That’s sad. (music plays)
 
And spoken voices reflect this tonality. Here’s someone sounding positive: “I don’t know who made this cake but it is fantastic!” And down on his luck: “The papers finalizing2 the divorce came today.”
 
The researchers wanted to know: Are these sounds international? So they turned to classical music from southern India. Here’s one that represents joy. (raga plays) Another displays grief and sadness. (raga plays) As for the spoken word, I bet you can tell the positive speaker (woman speaks) from the negative one (woman speaks).
 
The researchers analyzed3 music and 20 native Tamil and American English speakers for a variety of sound and tone parameters4. The authors say that certain emotional tones seem to be cross-cultural, and that music mimics5 voice. The research was published in the journal Public Library of Science One. 
 
So we may often be able to understand the moods of a culture in music and even in speech – without understanding a word.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 minor e7fzR     
adj.较小(少)的,较次要的;n.辅修学科;vi.辅修
参考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
2 finalizing acbfceb1da3eb01f83b0b428c6073fa3     
vt.完成(finalize的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  • You may edit registered information any time during the finalizing period. 您可以在规定期限内随时编辑修改注册资料。 来自互联网
  • Natsun Trimming & Ironing, Finalizing the Perfection. 40南山整烫,完美在此定格。 来自互联网
3 analyzed 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80     
v.分析( analyze的过去式和过去分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
参考例句:
  • The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 医生们分析了贫血的血样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 这年轻人没有分析自己蛊惑著迷的过程,因为对他来说,爱是个不可分析的迷。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 parameters 166e64f6c3677d0c513901242a3e702d     
因素,特征; 界限; (限定性的)因素( parameter的名词复数 ); 参量; 参项; 决定因素
参考例句:
  • We have to work within the parameters of time. 我们的工作受时间所限。
  • See parameters.cpp for a compilable example. This is part of the Spirit distribution. 可编译例子见parameters.cpp.这是Spirit分发包的组成部分。
5 mimics f8207fb5fa948f536c5186311e3e641d     
n.模仿名人言行的娱乐演员,滑稽剧演员( mimic的名词复数 );善于模仿的人或物v.(尤指为了逗乐而)模仿( mimic的第三人称单数 );酷似
参考例句:
  • Methods:Models were generate by CT scan,Mimics software and Abaqus software. 方法:采用CT扫描,Mimics软件和Abaqus软件的CAD进行三维有限元模型的创建。 来自互联网
  • Relaxing the mind and body mimics the effect that some blood-pressure pills would have. 放松身心会产生某些降压药才能产生的效果。 来自辞典例句
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