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美国科学60秒 SSS 2012-09-05

时间:2013-02-26 08:36来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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They say that all's fair in love and war. But when it comes to making a deal, people have very definite ideas about what's fair. A recent study found that people will let a basic physiological1 need go unfulfilled rather than accept an unfair transactions. Researchers induced either moderate or severe thirst in volunteers. Then pairs of thirsty subjects were asked to split a bottle of water.  Unbeknownst to the participants, the experiment was arranged that everyone thought that they'd be receiving less water than their opponent was getting. And a majority of the participants, even the very thirsty ones, rejected the apparently2 unfair offer, meaning that neither they nor their partner got to take a drink. The research is in the Journal Scientific Reports. Past research has shown that humans will also reject unfair offers in games played for money. This study was the first to show that people react in the same way when bargaining for a necessity. Nobody ever said life was fair, but we still want it to be. 


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1 physiological aAvyK     
adj.生理学的,生理学上的
参考例句:
  • He bought a physiological book.他买了一本生理学方面的书。
  • Every individual has a physiological requirement for each nutrient.每个人对每种营养成分都有一种生理上的需要。
2 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
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TAG标签:   美国60秒科学  SSS  英语听力
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