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美语听力与发音技巧 listen 26

时间:2005-08-18 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:terence_84   字体: [ ]
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美语听力与发音技巧 第26期(不定式和动名词)

Welcome to Daily Tips on learning English. Today’s tip is on verbs which are followed by infinitives2 or gerunds.
Some verbs are followed by infinitives, such as “I plan to go”. “to go” is an infinitive1. Some verbs are followed by gerunds, such as “I enjoy teaching English”. “teaching” is a gerund. You cannot say, “I plan going” or “I enjoy to teach English”. Most verbs are followed by either the infinitive or the gerund, and when you learn the verb, you must make sure to memorize which one is used since there is no rule to tell you.
There are only nine verbs which can be followed by either the gerund or the infinitive with no difference in meaning. These verbs are “begin”, “start”, “continue”, “like”, “love”, “hate”, “prefer”, “can’t stand” and “can’t bear”. These verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or the gerund with no difference in meaning. So “I like listening to the radio” and “I like to listen to the radio” both mean the same thing. There are also five verbs which can be followed by either an infinitive or a gerent but which have different meanings depending on whether you use the infinitive or the gerund. These verbs are “remember”, “forget”, “regret”, “try” and “stop”. Pay special attention when using these verbs, as the meaning of the sentence will change depending on which you choose.
This has been today’s daily tip on learning English. Tune3 in tomorrow for another tip
.


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1 infinitive EqJz2f     
n.不定词;adj.不定词的
参考例句:
  • The use of the split infinitive is now generally acceptable.分裂不定式的用法现在已被广泛接受。
  • Modal verbs generally take the bare infinitive.情态动词通常用不带to的不定式。
2 infinitives eb29ce4e273e99461dfe1ca004efa0e4     
n.(动词)不定式( infinitive的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Her litmus test for good breeding is whether you split infinitives. 她测试别人是否具有良好教养的标准是看对方是否在不定式的动词前加修饰副词。 来自互联网
  • Nouns, adjectives and infinitives can be used as objective complements. 名词,形容词及不定式可用作补语。 来自互联网
3 tune NmnwW     
n.调子;和谐,协调;v.调音,调节,调整
参考例句:
  • He'd written a tune,and played it to us on the piano.他写了一段曲子,并在钢琴上弹给我们听。
  • The boy beat out a tune on a tin can.那男孩在易拉罐上敲出一首曲子。
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TAG标签:   美语听力  发音  技巧  listen
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