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托福听力短文 I-09-1

时间:2009-01-10 01:19来源:互联网 提供网友:Zoe-w   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

(woman) In today's class we'll be examining some nineteenth-century pattern books that were used for building houses. I think it's fair to say that these pattern books were the most important influence on the design of North American houses during the nineteenth century.

This was because most people who wanted to build a house couldn't afford to hire an architect. Instead, they bought a pattern book, picked out a plan, and took it to the builder. The difference in cost was substantial1. In 1870, for example, hiring an architect would've cost about a hundred dollars. At the same time, a pattern book written by an architect cost only five dollars.

At that price, it's easy to see why pattern books were so popular. Some are back in print again today, and of course they cost a lot more than they did a hundred years ago. But they're an invaluable2 resource for historians3, and also for people who restore4 old houses. I have a modern reprint here that I'll be passing around the room in a moment so that everyone can have a look.


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1 substantial 1sbwv     
adj.大的,相当可观的,大体上的
参考例句:
  • She is preparing a substantial meal against his return.她正在准备一顿丰盛的饭菜为他接风。
  • The country bought a substantial number of weapons.这个国家购买了大量武器。
2 invaluable s4qxe     
adj.无价的,非常宝贵的,极为贵重的
参考例句:
  • A computer would have been invaluable for this job.一台计算机对这个工作的作用会是无法估计的。
  • This information was invaluable to him.这个消息对他来说是非常宝贵的。
3 historians aa2dff49e1cda6eb8322970793b20183     
n.历史学家,史学工作者( historian的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Historians seem to have confused the chronology of these events. 历史学家好像把这些事件发生的年代顺序搞混了。
  • Historians have concurred with each other in this view. 历史学家在这个观点上已取得一致意见。
4 restore OWKx2     
vt.把…恢复原状;归还,交还
参考例句:
  • A good rest will restore you to health.好好休息一下可使你恢复健康。
  • His recent success has helped to restore his faith in his own ability.他最近取得的成功使他恢复了对自己能力的信任。
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TAG标签:   托福听力  托福短文
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