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托福听力短文 I-15-3

时间:2009-01-10 02:59来源:互联网 提供网友:Zoe-w   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
(Woman) So, why did what is now called "modern dance" begin in the United States? To begin to answer this question, I'll need to backtrack a little bit and talk about classical ballet.

By the late 1800's, ballet had lost a lot of its popularity. Most of the ballet dancers who performed in the United States were brought over from Europe. They performed using the rigid1 techniques that had been passed down through the centuries. Audiences and dancers in the United States were eager for their own, "contemporary" dance form. And, so, around 1900, dancers created one.

So, how was this "modern" dance so different from classical ballet? Well, most notably2, it wasn't carefully choreographed3. Instead, the dance depended on the improvisation4 and free, personal expression of the dancers. Music and scenery were of little importance to the "modern" dance --- and lightness of movement wasn't important either. In fact, modern dancers made no attempt at all to conceal5 the effort involved in a dance step.

But even if improvisation appealed to audiences, many dance critics were less than enthusiastic about the performances. They questioned the artistic6 integrity of dancers who were not professionally trained and the artistic value of works that had no formal structure. Loie Fuller, after performing Fire Dance, was described as doing little more than turning "round and round like an eggbeater." Yet, the free, personal expression of the pioneer dancers is the basis of the "controlled freedom" of modern dance today.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 rigid jDPyf     
adj.严格的,死板的;刚硬的,僵硬的
参考例句:
  • She became as rigid as adamant.她变得如顽石般的固执。
  • The examination was so rigid that nearly all aspirants were ruled out.考试很严,几乎所有的考生都被淘汰了。
2 notably 1HEx9     
adv.值得注意地,显著地,尤其地,特别地
参考例句:
  • Many students were absent,notably the monitor.许多学生缺席,特别是连班长也没来。
  • A notably short,silver-haired man,he plays basketball with his staff several times a week.他个子明显较为矮小,一头银发,每周都会和他的员工一起打几次篮球。
3 choreographed e69e62ff0b4ac8f0ef92f76df34833c1     
v.设计舞蹈动作( choreograph的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • There was some carefully choreographed flag-waving as the President drove by. 总统的车经过时,人们按精心编排的动作挥舞着旗帜。
  • Achim had choreographed the dance in Act II himself. 阿希姆自己设计了第2幕的舞蹈动作。 来自辞典例句
4 improvisation M4Vyg     
n.即席演奏(或演唱);即兴创作
参考例句:
  • a free-form jazz improvisation 自由创作的爵士乐即兴演出
  • Most of their music was spontaneous improvisation. 他们的大部分音乐作品都是即兴创作的。
5 conceal DpYzt     
v.隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽
参考例句:
  • He had to conceal his identity to escape the police.为了躲避警方,他只好隐瞒身份。
  • He could hardly conceal his joy at his departure.他几乎掩饰不住临行时的喜悦。
6 artistic IeWyG     
adj.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;善于艺术创作的
参考例句:
  • The picture on this screen is a good artistic work.这屏风上的画是件很好的艺术品。
  • These artistic handicrafts are very popular with foreign friends.外国朋友很喜欢这些美术工艺品。
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