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托福听力短文 II-04-2

时间:2009-01-12 00:27来源:互联网 提供网友:Zoe-w   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
(WA) The Old Canada Road is a long-lost trail between the Canadian province of Quebec and Maine, in the northeast corner of the United States. Yes, it really was lost, and finding it again was a complex process that involved state-of-the-art technology. How the location of the road was pinpointed1 was very interesting, and I'll return to it as soon as I've given you a little background information.

The road was begun in 1817, a few years before Maine even became a state. At the time, Quebec was a major market for livestock2, crops, and fish, so a road to Quebec was seen by officials in Maine as necessary for trade. For about 20 years, the movement of people and goods was mostly from Maine to Quebec, but then the trend reversed3 as thousands of Canadians immigrated4 to Maine to escape poor crops, a lack of jobs, and the threat of disease. I think it was a cholera5 epidemic6.

Besides these negative reasons, major building projects in Maine also made the state very attractive for the Canadians who needed work. I should stress, though, that immigration during that period went in both directions. In fact, the flow of people and goods went completely unhindered. There wasn't even a border post until around 1850. The people of the time saw Maine and Quebec as a single region, mainly because of the strong French influence, which is still evident in Maine today.

Eventually, the road fell into disuse as a major railway was completed; finally, people simply forgot about it and that's how it came to be lost. This brings me back to the original topic.

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1 pinpointed e23273e2459d3a2f113ef7cdb8d1c728     
准确地找出或描述( pinpoint的过去式和过去分词 ); 为…准确定位
参考例句:
  • His refusal to help simply pinpointed his cowardice. 他拒绝帮助正显示他的胆小。
  • Computers pinpointed where the shells were coming from. 计算机确定了炮弹发射的位置。
2 livestock c0Wx1     
n.家畜,牲畜
参考例句:
  • Both men and livestock are flourishing.人畜两旺。
  • The heavy rains and flooding killed scores of livestock.暴雨和大水淹死了许多牲口。
3 reversed 943c52935ea927b80f63243a41a3980b     
v.(使)反转( reverse的过去式和过去分词 );(使)颠倒;(使)翻转;推翻adj.颠倒的
参考例句:
  • The new president reversed many of the policies of his predecessor. 新任总统彻底改变了其前任的许多政策。
  • The appeal court reversed the original verdict and set the prisoner free. 上诉法庭撤销了原判,把那个犯人释放了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 immigrated a70310c0c8ae40c26c39d8d0d0f7bb0d     
v.移入( immigrate的过去式和过去分词 );移民
参考例句:
  • He immigrated from Ulster in 1848. 他1848年从阿尔斯特移民到这里。 来自辞典例句
  • Many Pakistanis have immigrated to Britain. 许多巴基斯坦人移居到了英国。 来自辞典例句
5 cholera rbXyf     
n.霍乱
参考例句:
  • The cholera outbreak has been contained.霍乱的发生已被控制住了。
  • Cholera spread like wildfire through the camps.霍乱在营地里迅速传播。
6 epidemic 5iTzz     
n.流行病;盛行;adj.流行性的,流传极广的
参考例句:
  • That kind of epidemic disease has long been stamped out.那种传染病早已绝迹。
  • The authorities tried to localise the epidemic.当局试图把流行病限制在局部范围。
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TAG标签:   托福听力  托福短文
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