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听美文故事记6级单词01-04

时间:2010-12-02 03:30来源:互联网 提供网友:jb0047   字体: [ ]
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4. Women Drivers are Safer, except for When Parking

Men commit nine times as many motoring offences as women. Home Office figures show that the vast majority dealt with by courts for every type of traffic offence are male.

The disparity between the sexes is greatest for the most serious offences, with men guilty of 97 per cent of dangerous driving offences and 94 per cent for causing death or bodily harm.

Women's speeding offences have risen by four percentage points in the past five years, yet still constitute only 17 per cent of the total. Women are far less likely to have high-speed collisions resulting in death. Crashes killed 238 women drivers in 2002, compared with 907 men.

In the past ten years the proportion of men with licences has remained at 81 per cent, but that of women increased from 49 per cent to 61 per cent. However, the proportion of all motoring offences committed by women in the past five years has risen by only one percentage point, to 12 per cent.

Parking appears to be the only area of driving in which women have a poorer record. Insurance claims showed in 2002 that women were twice as likely to have a collision in a car park, were 23 per cent more likely to hit a stationary1 car and 15 per cent more likely to reverse into another car.

Mary Williams, chief executive, of the road safety charity Brake, said: "The Government should place more emphasis on changing men's attitudes to driving and improving their safety skills, through advertising2 in mediums such as men's magazines and through education in the workplace. Particular concerns are excessive speed, high-risk manoeuvres such as overtaking dangerously, and driving when tired."

Steve Stradling, Professor of Transport Psychology3 at Napier University, Edinburgh, said: "A key factor is that women get less fun out of risk-taking. People speed because they are under pressure, and women have different patterns of obligations. Men are more likely to speed to make a business appointment."

In a survey for the Scottish Executive, Professor Stradling found that 82 per cent of women approved of speed cameras, compared with 68 per cent of men; 45 per cent of women believed that motorway4 speed limits should never be broken, compared with 30 per cent of men.

Nearly two thirds of men drive cars with an engine bigger than 1.6 litres, compared with 42 per cent of women. Women are also less likely to be members of the groups that campaign for an increase in speed limits.


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1 stationary CuAwc     
adj.固定的,静止不动的
参考例句:
  • A stationary object is easy to be aimed at.一个静止不动的物体是容易瞄准的。
  • Wait until the bus is stationary before you get off.你要等公共汽车停稳了再下车。
2 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
3 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理学,心理状态
参考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在剑桥大学学习哲学和心理学。
4 motorway kFvxw     
n.高速公路,快车道
参考例句:
  • Our car had a breakdown on the motorway.我们的汽车在高速公路上抛锚了。
  • A maniac driver sped 35 miles along the wrong side of a motorway at 110 mph.一个疯狂的司机以每小时110英里的速度在高速公路上逆行飙车35英里。
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TAG标签:   听美文故事  背6级单词
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